Scandinavian diaspora

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The Scandinavian diaspora may refer to

Old diaspora[edit]

Viking and Old Norse[edit]

Scandinavian explorations, conquests, and emigrations during the Viking expansion[1]

Modern diaspora[edit]

The term "Scandinavian diaspora" is also used to describe more recent emigrations and emigrants originating in one or more of the countries of Scandinavia.[2][3][4]

Swedish diaspora[edit]

It includes Swedish Americans, Swedish Australians, Swedish Canadians, Swedish New Zealanders, Swedish Britons, and others.

Finnish diaspora[edit]

People emigrated to the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Sweden, Brazil and Argentina.[5][6] They have also started Utopian communities in places including Australia, Brazil, Paraguay, France, Cuba, and Sierra Leone.

Danish diaspora[edit]

They include Danish Americans, Danish Australians, Danish Canadians and Danish New Zealanders.

Icelandic diaspora[edit]

They include Icelandic Americans, Icelandic Canadians, Icelandic Australians, Icelandic New Zealanders and Icelandic Norwegians.

Norwegian diaspora[edit]

Emigrants became Kola Norwegians, Norwegian Americans, Norwegian Canadians, Norwegian Australians, Norwegian New Zealanders, and Norwegian South Africans. The first modern Norwegian settlement in the United States was Norwegian Ridge, in what is now Spring Grove, Minnesota.[7] There are also people of Norwegian ancestry in South America (Brazil and Argentina) and the Southern Atlantic and Antarctic Islands.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Peter Heather (4 March 2010). Empires and barbarians: the fall of Rome and the birth of Europe. Oxford University Press US. p. 497. ISBN 978-0-19-973560-0. Retrieved 30 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Hammill, Faye. "Martha Ostenso, Literary History, and the Scandinavian Diaspora". #196 (Spring 2008) Diasporic Women's Writing. Canadian Literature. Retrieved 30 March 2011. ...the Scandinavian diaspora disrupts nationalist literary histories by crossing political and cultural boundaries between America and Canada. 
  3. ^ Race, Nation, and Empire in American History. p. 91. ISBN 978-0-8078-5828-8. My story begins with a fragment in the history of the Scandinavian diaspora. About 1886, a young woman named Marie Hansen left Denmark, displaced by the after-effects of the Dano-Prussian War, and settled in Chicago. 
  4. ^ Lien, Marianne E; Marit Melhuus. Holding worlds together: ethnographies of knowing and belonging. p. 13. ISBN 1-84545-250-X. Lund's Scandinavian diaspora informants from the USA (Chapter 4) re-embed themselves through recounting their genealogies. 
  5. ^ Michael G. Karni (1981). Finnish Diaspora: United States. Multicultural History Society of Ontario. 
  6. ^ Michael G. Karni (1981). Finnish Diaspora: Canada, South America, Africa, Australia and Sweden. Multicultural History Society of Ontario. 
  7. ^ Chad Muller (2002). Spring Grove: Minnesota's first Norwegian settlement. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-1949-9. Spring Grove: Minnesota's First Norwegian Settlement is a tribute to the state's earliest Norwegian emigrants, and to generations of Norwegian Americans who have made this small farming community amongst deep valleys, fjord-like bluffs, and ...