Science, Liberty and Peace

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Science, Liberty and Peace
ScienceLibertyAndPeace.jpg
First edition (US)
Author Aldous Huxley
Country United Kingdom
Language English
Published 1946, Harper & Brothers, (US)
1947, Chatto & Windus, (UK)

Science, Liberty and Peace is an essay written by Aldous Huxley, published in 1946. The essay is an opinionated discussion covering a wide range of subjects reflecting Huxley's views towards society at that time. He puts forward a number of predictions, many of which turned out to be true up to 60 years later. A consistent theme throughout the essay is Huxley's preference towards a decentralised society.

Reception[edit]

The essay was not particularly well received at the time. It appears to be of more relevance in the early 2000s than when it was written.

Quotes[edit]

Centralized media corporations[edit]

“The man who pays the piper always calls the tune”[1]

“Today, thanks to applied science, a dictator with the gift of the gab is able to pour his emotionally charged evangel into the ears of tens of millions”[2]

“reading newspapers and listening to the radio are psychological addictions”[3]

“I see the better and I approve; but the worst is what I pursue”[4]

On the gradual removal of civil liberties[edit]

“If offered the choice between liberty and security, most people would unhesitatingly vote for security”[5]

Global warming and materialism[edit]

“the dogma of inevitable progress became an unquestioned article of popular faith”[6]

“the belief in all-round progress is based upon the wishful dream that one can get something for nothing”[7]

History repeating itself[edit]

“the most important lesson in history, it has been said, is that nobody ever learns history's lessons”[8]

National pride[edit]

“denies the value of a human being as a human being… affirms exclusiveness, encourages vanity, pride and self-satisfaction, stimulates hatred”[9]

“As Athens and Sparta died of idolatry and flag-waving and jingoism"[10]

Modern warfare[edit]

"advances in technology" .. “do not abolish the institution of war; they merely modify its manifestations”[11]

“whenever some crisis makes us forget our surface rationality and idealism”[12]

“.. to build enough launching ramps and robot planes..”[13]

“when things go badly at home…. It is always possible…. To shift people's attention away from domestic to foreign and military affairs”[14]

“it becomes unpatriotic for anyone to voice even the most justifiable complaints against mismanagement or oppression”[15]

“armaments are the only goods that are given away without consideration of loss or profits”[16]

“we need not be surprised if the plans for an international inspectorate and the pooling of scientific knowledge should fail in practice to produce the good results expected of them.”[17]

De-centralization[edit]

“the Emersonian doctrine of Self-Reliance[18]

“mechanical techniques for the production of many consumer goods for a local market”[19] – e.g. 3D printing

“financial techniques … by which individuals can borrow money without increasing the power of the state or of commercial banks”[20]

Credit Crunch[edit]

“legal techniques, through which a community can protect itself against the profiteer who speculates in land values, which he has done nothing whatever to increase”[21]

“in the eyes of medieval Catholic theologians .. the profession of a moneylender or a speculator was beyond the pale”[22]

The rise of China[edit]

“what will happen when India and China are as highly industrialized as pre-war Japan and seek to exchange their low-priced manufactured goods for food, in competition with Western powers, whose standard of living is a great deal higher than theirs?”[23]

Exploiting Arctic resources[edit]

“the Russian power system and the Anglo-American power system”[24]

Renewable energy[edit]

“organized science could diminish these temptations to armed conflict by finding means for providing all countries, whatever their natural resources, with a sufficiency of power”[25]

“the use of large-scale wind turbines is still, strangely enough, only in the experimental stage”[26]

“One of the most urgent tasks before applied science is the development of some portable source of power to replace petroleum – a most undesirable fuel from a political point of view”[27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  2. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  3. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  4. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  5. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  6. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  7. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  8. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  9. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  10. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  11. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  12. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  13. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  14. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  15. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  16. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  17. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  18. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  19. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  20. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  21. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  22. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  23. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  24. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  25. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  26. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'
  27. ^ Huxley, Aldous (1946), 'Science, Liberty and Peace'