Scottish Council for Development and Industry
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|Legal status||Non-profit organisation|
|Purpose||Scottish Economic Development|
|Lady Susan Rice
|SCDI Board and Executive|
The Scottish Council for Development and Industry (SCDI), founded in 1931, is a non-governmental, membership organisation which aims to strengthen Scotland’s economic competitiveness through influencing government and key stakeholders to create sustainable economic prosperity for Scotland.
SCDI has circa 1,200 members across Scotland’s private, public & social economy sectors, including manufacturing and service sectors, universities and colleges, local government and enterprise networks, trade associations and professional bodies, arts organisations, churches and trade unions.
- 1 Structure
- 2 Policy
- 3 International Trade Visits
- 4 SCDI Events
- 5 History
- 6 SCDI London
- 7 Young Engineers and Science Clubs
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
- President: Lady Susan Rice
- Chairman: Brendan Dick
- Deputy Chair: Dame Sue Bruce DBE
- Chief Executive: Ross Martin
SCDI is led by the following committees:
- SCDI Board - the strategic leadership for the organisation
- SCDI Executive - the lead body for SCDI policy development
SCDI also has three regional committees:
SCDI policy is directed by its membership of leaders from across civic Scotland.
As a policy-focused organisation, SCDI's work revolves around the achievement of its policy objective - sustainable economic prosperity for Scotland.
SCDI's primary policy-making body is the Executive. This committee consists of representatives from across the constituencies that make up SCDI's membership.
The views of SCDI members are reflected in the development of SCDI's policy positions. Since its policy positions represent the consensus view of SCDI's diverse Scotland-wide membership, SCDI's policy output carries substantial weight. As a result, SCDI is well regarded contributor to political debate in Scotland and beyond.
Over a number of years, SCDI's policy priorities have focused on six key areas:
- Energy and Sustainability
- Skills and Productivity
- Global Ambitions
- Scotland's Future
SCDI produces approximately 30-40 policy papers each year. These include responses to government consultations, detailed analyses of government policies, proactive agenda-setting and thought leadership.
Blueprint for Scotland
Following extensive membership consultation, SCDI launched its 'Blueprint for Scotland' in June 2010. This document was produced to influence the legislative agenda of the new Conservative-Liberal Democrat Coalition Government in Westminster and to feed into the development of political party manifestos in the run-up to the 2011 Scottish Parliamentary election.
The Blueprint presented a long-term vision for Scotland's future success under three headings:
- An outward and enterprising nation
- Maximising Scotland's assets
- Realising the potential of our people
An Outward and Enterprising Nation - Priorities
|Short Term (5 years)||Long Term (10 years)|
|Broaden the business base of Scottish exporters and establish a network of Scottish Trade Centres||Double the value of Scotland’s exports|
|Managed restoration of public finances to ensure public sector net debt falls as a share of GDP, but ensuring we support capital spending, R&D and skills||Return public spending growth to be in-line with the GDP growth trend in the long term|
|Restore the strength, reputation and competitiveness of Scotland’s financial sector and its support for higher business investment and manufacturing||More balanced and sustainable growth across business sectors, with manufacturing a stable or growing share of GDP, and support for new world-class financial services headquartered in Scotland|
|Strengthen the Scottish Parliament’s responsibility for tax and spending decisions which promote sustainable economic growth. Increase the supply of skilled people for the Scottish economy||Increase sustainable economic growth and supply of skills|
Maximising Scotland's Assets - Priorities
|Short Term (5 years)||Long Term (10 years)|
|Begin construction of offshore wind, CCS, marine energy parks and new onshore and offshore grids, with Scottish supply chains||Meet 2020 renewable energy, climate change and green economy / ‘green-collar’ jobs targets. Transform every Scottish city into a low carbon city. Create low carbon zones around renewable power stations, CCS infrastructure and water resources to attract new industry to Scotland|
|Phase out supplementary corporation tax on the North Sea oil and gas industry||UK oil and gas to supply 60% of the UK demand for oil and 25% of its gas. Establish Aberdeen as the world’s leading energy services hub|
|Support the market-led roll-out of high-speed broadband with public funding for the areas where the market will not deliver. Establish Scotland as a first-choice location for green data centres and build outsourcing excellence within Scotland supported by technology||Full wire Scotland to high-speed broadband, and transform business practices to achieve world-leading productivity growth performance. Create new ‘distributed cities’ in the Highlands and Islands and southern Scotland|
|Grow Scotland’s international air route network, including direct flights to China and India||Commence construction of high-speed rail in Scotland|
Realising the Potential of our People - Priorities
|Short Term (5 years)||Long Term (10 years)|
|Independent review of university and college funding in Scotland to maintain international competitiveness||Focus more resources on centres of excellence|
|Refocus innovation schemes, create a single Office of Higher Education Technology Transfer and ring-fence 0.5% of the procurement budget to stimulate innovation across the economy||Increase business R&D to at least the UK average of 1.08% of GDP|
|Deliver a transformational skills syllabus and prioritise places in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) subjects||Maintain high employment levels and reduce economic inactivity, re/up-skill workforce and deliver skills for priority industries|
International Trade Visits
Since 1960, SCDI has worked to develop Scotland's international business links, organising a programme of global trade missions. Almost 370 trade missions have been organised since then, to more than 50 markets worldwide involving over 6,000 participants.
SCDI trade visits support companies to visit an export market, focussing on growth markets for Scottish exports across the World.
A large number of organisations join trade visits, ranging from sole traders, SMEs, large organisations, universities and colleges.
2011-13 Trade Visit Programme
|India: Delhi and Mumbai||17–21 October 2011|
|Brazil: Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro||28 November - 2 December 2011|
|China: Hong Kong and Southern China||7–13 December 2011|
|UAE and Qatar: Dubai and Doha||5–9 February 2012|
|United States: Chicago and New York City||9–14 April 2012|
|Brazil: Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo||11–15 March 2013|
|North America: Toronto and Chicago and New York City||1–6 April 2013|
|Turkey: Istanbul||6–10 May 2013|
SCDI runs approximately 100 events each year involving senior business and civic leaders, politicians, and major international thought leaders.
- SCDI Forum - held annually in spring. This major event in the Scottish calendar has gathered together Scotland's key leaders and influencers to debate the future of the Scottish economy since 1970.
- Annual Dinner and International Awards - an annual celebration of Scotland's international and exporting success, held in autumn. The 2010 Awards Dinner was addressed by former Mayor of New York, Rudy Giuliani. The 2011 Awards Dinner was addressed by former General Secretary of the United Nations, Kofi Annan. The 2012 Awards Dinner at the Emirates Arena, Glasgow was addressed by former US Secretary of State, Dr Madeleine Albright.
- Annual Lecture - held in Aberdeen in January each year.
- Highlands and Islands Annual Dinner and Business Excellence Awards - recognising business excellence in the Highlands & Islands each September.
- London Series - an annual series of sessions in London related to Scottish interests, engaging businesses and politicians in London.
An active events calendar is maintained throughout the year:
- Influencers' Series dinners programme
- Meet the Politician series
- Membership Networking events
- Election hustings
- Membership consultations
- Business Seminars & Conferences
The Scottish Council for Development and Industry in its current form was created in 1946 by the amalgamation of two earlier bodies, the Scottish Development Council and the Scottish Council on Industry.
Scottish Development Council
The Scottish Development Council was established on 8 May 1931. At that time Scotland was experiencing the worst effects of the depression, and the then-called Scottish National Development Council was created to analyse the courses of the collapse which had occurred and to find and apply solutions.
The leading figures involved in organising the first meeting were the Earl of Elgin, Sir Henry Keith (former Provost of Hamilton and Unionist MP) and William Watson of Glasgow (organiser of Scottish Trades Development Association). It was attended by representatives of the Burghs and Counties, Industry, Commerce and Banking, Trade Unions and prominent individuals, who felt the common need to aid their industry and their country. It was a response to a crucial, immediate situation, and this is stressed in the Constitution:
“It will be the duty of the Council to examine and consider impartially the industrial, commercial and economic problems with which the country is faced for the time being; to endeavour to arrive at a solution of these problems and where necessary, to obtain from Parliament such legislation as may be required to give effect to the conclusions reached by the Council”.
On 23 July 1931, Lord Elgin, who was now President and Sir Henry Keith, Vice-Chairman of the Executive, invited Sir James Lithgow to become Chairman of the Executive. This was a boost to the morale of the Council and to its financial situation, as in December 1931, Lithgow donated £1,800 to the funds to meet the salary of the Secretary (W C Kirkwood) for three years. It was also at this time that the Scottish Development Council undertook to rent its first office in the premises of the Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders, 39 Elmbank Street, Glasgow. Previous to this, meetings had been held in Lanarkshire House in Ingram Street and in the City Chambers of Glasgow and Edinburgh.
The first sub-committees were set up in December 1931 and the topics covered shows the area over which the Development Council hoped to spread its influence. Committees on Agriculture, Rating and Taxation, Textiles, Electrical developments, Chemical industries and the Fishing industry were formed.
An Economic Committee, Chaired by Sir Steven Bilsland was formed by the Council in collaboration with the Scottish Office in the early 1930s as an economic action group to explore and promote the new regional policies of the thirties. By 1938, it already had to its credit the establishment of the trading estate at Hillington.
The Scottish Council on Industry
The Scottish Council on Industry was created in 1942 on the initiative of the then Secretary of State for Scotland, Mr Tom Johnston. The greater part of expanded wartime production requirements had been supplied by the creation of a new capacity in the South and the Midlands of England, while productive space in Scotland was increasingly devoted to storage uses. Mr Johnston set up the Council on Industry to give advice in relation to this and the other economic and industrial problems created by wartime conditions. At this time, it had no constitution, no funds and no salaried staff.
The Council’s composition consisted of four members each from the Convention of Royal Burghs, the Association of County Councils in Scotland, the Scottish Chambers of Commerce and the Scottish Trades Union Congress General Council, while banking interests were represented by one member only. The Scottish Development Council was represented by four members and its General Manager, W C Kirkwood, acted as a Joint Secretary to the Scottish Council on Industry.
In addition to the above, the Regional Offices of the Ministry of Labour and National Service, the Ministry of Works and Buildings, the Ministry of Aircraft Production, the Ministry of Supply, the Admiralty and the Factory and Storage Control attended meetings by invitation.
Some of the principal matters that engaged the attention of the Council on Industry were:
- Ensuring that Scotland’s productive capacity was fully used in the war effort.
- Safeguarding Scotland’s position in relation to the concentration of industry.
- Transport difficulties as they affected Scotland.
- Post war problems generally in relation to Scotland.
- The provision of additional Industrial Estates and modern factories in Scotland.
The Council also undertook investigations into Light Engineering, Plastics, Food Preservation and Fine Chemicals and appropriate firms were approached with a view to interesting them in new items to produce after the war.
The Council paid close attention to the future of Prestwick Airport, the Highlands and Islands, the Forth Road Bridge project and to the desire for the retention and if possible the expansion of the Admiralty Establishments in Scotland. It instigated Committees to investigate the White Fish Industry, the Crofter Woollen Industry, Transport and the Tourist Industry, among others. Like the Development Council the Council on Industry stressed the importance of export trade, the development of the chemical and electrical industries, research facilities and a publicity and travel Bureau for Scotland in London.
During the war the Scottish Development Council was seen as a constituent part of the Scottish Council on Industry, although many of the members of the Development Council considered the Council on Industry as a temporary body that was necessary only to deal with wartime issues. In 1945 the Council on Industry felt that it still had much to do in the post-war period and therefore wanted to expand its organisation, raising the funds for this from the Scottish public, particularly from the local authorities.
It was agreed by both bodies that it would be desirable, in order to avoid confusion and the possible overlapping of functions, that there should be a single authoritative body in Scotland to which the Secretary of State could look for advice and the general public for guidance and help, on questions of industry, employment and development. The then Secretary of State, Joseph Westwood, agreed with this and also endorsed that the reconstituted Scottish Council would be much enhanced if it could derive its revenue entirely from voluntary sources, thereby retaining freedom of action and effectiveness.
The amalgamation of these two bodies on 3 June 1946, under the Chairmanship of Lord Bilsland - then Sir Steven Bilsland - had as its objectives the combination of the functions of the two original Councils. On the one hand, to continue to analyse the industrial situation, and to act in the light of that analysis so as to create more employment opportunities. On the other hand, to make representations to Government on matters affecting the progress of industry in Scotland.
The subject matter of the Council’s work has always been fundamentally industrial. In particular the Council has occupied itself with matters of policy and practice relating to technology, trade development, communications and the environment within which industry operates. This policy was made clear by the work of the Scottish Council right from the beginning.
In the immediate post-war period, the Scottish Council was the only agency in Scotland actively engaged in industrial promotion. In the course of the first year, panels and committees of the Council investigated many industries, including light and medium engineering, chemicals, building materials and plastics. Their aims were to ensure the greater utilisation of Scottish raw materials, to make recommendations for further industrial development and to stimulate action on the recommendations. In addition, a New Industries Panel was set up to consider which UK companies should be approached with a view to setting up a Scottish plant, “having in mind that the principal need in Scotland is for new industries which will employ men”.
They also set up committees to deal with public relations, export trade and tourism. The latter, a continuation of one set up in 1944 by the Scottish Council on Industry, under the Chairmanship of Dr Honeyman, highlighted the opportunity for the growth of tourism in Scotland and recommended that the Secretary of State for Scotland should create a suitable organisation to promote and co-ordinate growth in that area. The result was the immediate appointment of the Scottish Tourist Board.
In 1939 there had appeared the "Industrial Map of Scotland", whose author C A Oakley, compiled an index, accompanied by maps, which listed the 2,500 manufacturing companies then employing 50 or more people in Scotland. It was the first guide of its kind.
In 1947/48, the Scottish Council, knowing that electronic engineering capacity would be vital to the future of Scotland, was casting around for ways of establishing its presence. It worked in two ways:
Firstly they aimed to bring in, from outside Scotland, companies which were fully equipped with technological knowledge and with market connections. In 1948, the Council embarked upon a planned campaign to attract companies from the United States. This was the first time a European country had adopted such a course, and the Council followed it up with the appointment of a committee in New York in 1949 to support the programme. The Netherlands followed a similar course in 1952.
At this period, American industry was ready to consider overseas investment, encouraged as it was by an international dollar shortage. Results followed swiftly with the arrival of NCR in 1947 (who doubled the size of their factory in 1952), Honeywell in 1949, and also IBM and Burroughs.
In this campaign, the Council’s object was not primarily to create employment. It was deliberately to fill the gaps in electronics, instrument and associated engineering in Scotland. The new plants were in the main associated with production and selling rather than with research and development, and the Council believed that a proportion would develop technological roots.
The second route to be followed was that of defence research and development, however, since, apart from Ferranti there was no research and development capacity in Scotland, few contracts came and there was no growth of capacity. To overcome this the Scottish Electronics Group was formed. Ferranti agreed to `mother’ the group and accept defence contracts which would be undertaken by Scottish companies interested in diversifying into electronics and light engineering. The Ministry of Supply agreed to channel some contracts on this basis, and to build a new laboratory for Ferranti Ltd as the centre of the scheme - a lab was opened by the Duke of Edinburgh in 1953.
In 1960-1961 John Toothill, general manager of Ferranti, led an Inquiry into the Scottish Economy, and in 1961 the Toothill Report was published, recommending new investment in the country's less prosperous areas.
SCDI’s London Committee first convened in 1932, one year after the Scottish Development Council was formed. In the 1930s the London Committee was awarded £400 to publicise the Great Empire Exhibition in Bellahouston Park, Glasgow and a further £100 from Scottish Industrial Estates Ltd to promote interest in the newly opened Hillington Industrial Estate.
Throughout the years, the Council shared offices with the Scottish Tourist Board, the Scottish Development Agency, the New Towns Corporation and British Caledonian Airways.
The London Committee continues to play a role in SCDI’s work, providing regular interface and debate with London-based members, national bodies and the Westminster Parliament.
Young Engineers and Science Clubs
Since 1987, The Scottish Council for Development and Industry has pioneered the development of Young Engineers & Science Clubs throughout Scotland, hosted by schools and further education colleges.
The aim of the Clubs is to involve young people in science, technology, engineering and maths, by encouraging them to exercise their creative and innovative skills supported by appropriate local companies. In this way, young engineers and scientists develop their skills in problem-solving through working as a team. Clubs adopt a hands-on approach to projects in science; electrical, electronic, mechanical, robotics and civil engineering; and a wide range of technology applications.
Over 1,200 Young Engineers & Science Clubs now operate across all 32 local authority areas in Scotland with a membership of circa 24,000 school pupils.
Celebration of Engineering and Science
In June each year, Young Engineers and Science Clubs from across Scotland gather in Glasgow for a celebration of engineering and science.
More than 500 school pupils showcase their project work undertaken throughout the year and participate in a series of hands-on Technology Challenges, competing to win the Best Young Engineers Club trophy.
- "Welcome to our Website". SCDI. Retrieved 2011-12-18.
- "List of SCDI members". SCDI. Retrieved 2012-03-23.
- "Policy Papers 2011". SCDI. Retrieved 2011-12-18.
- "Call for exports to lead recovery". BBC News. 16 June 2010. Retrieved 2011-12-18.
- "BBC News - Toronto trip brings in £1m of trade for Glasgow firms". Bbc.co.uk. 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-12-18.
- "Industrial future of Scotland. Council's first meeting in Edinburgh". The Glasgow Herald. 21 February 1942. p. 20. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
- 'Sir John Toothill' (obituary) in The Times, issue 62504 dated 9 July 1986, p. 18
- "Young Engineers & Science Clubs". Yecscotland.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-12-18.