Scrapy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Scrapy
Scrapy logo.jpg
Developer(s)Scrapinghub, Ltd.
Initial release26 June 2008 (2008-06-26)
Stable release
2.1.0 / 24 April 2020; 41 days ago (2020-04-24)[1]
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Written inPython
Operating systemWindows, macOS, Linux
TypeWeb crawler
LicenseBSD License
Websitescrapy.org/ Edit this on Wikidata

Scrapy (/ˈskrp/ SKRAY-peye) is a free and open-source web-crawling framework written in Python. Originally designed for web scraping, it can also be used to extract data using APIs or as a general-purpose web crawler.[2] It is currently maintained by Scrapinghub Ltd., a web-scraping development and services company.

Scrapy project architecture is built around "spiders", which are self-contained crawlers that are given a set of instructions. Following the spirit of other don't repeat yourself frameworks, such as Django,[3] it makes it easier to build and scale large crawling projects by allowing developers to reuse their code. Scrapy also provides a web-crawling shell, which can be used by developers to test their assumptions on a site’s behavior.[4]

Some well-known companies and products using Scrapy are: Lyst,[5] [6] Parse.ly,[7] Sayone Technologies[8], Sciences Po Medialab,[9] Data.gov.uk’s World Government Data site.[10][1]

History[edit]

Scrapy was born at London-based web-aggregation and e-commerce company Mydeco, where it was developed and maintained by employees of Mydeco and Insophia (a web-consulting company based in Montevideo, Uruguay). The first public release was in August 2008 under the BSD license, with a milestone 1.0 release happening in June 2015.[11] In 2011, Scrapinghub became the new official maintainer.[12][13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Release notes — Scrapy documentation". doc.scrapy.org. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  2. ^ Scrapy at a glance.
  3. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". Retrieved 28 July 2015.
  4. ^ "Scrapy shell". Retrieved 28 July 2015.
  5. ^ Bell, Eddie; Heusser, Jonathan. "Scalable Scraping Using Machine Learning". Retrieved 28 July 2015.
  6. ^ Scrapy | Companies using Scrapy
  7. ^ Montalenti, Andrew. "Web Crawling & Metadata Extraction in Python".
  8. ^ "Scrapy Companies". Scrapy website.
  9. ^ Hyphe v0.0.0: the first release of our new webcrawler is out!
  10. ^ Ben Firshman [@bfirsh] (21 January 2010). "World Govt Data site uses Django, Solr, Haystack, Scrapy and other exciting buzzwords bit.ly/5jU3La #opendata #datastore" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  11. ^ Medina, Julia (19 June 2015). "Scrapy 1.0 official release out!". scrapy-users (Mailing list).
  12. ^ Pablo Hoffman (2013). List of the primary authors & contributors. Retrieved 18 November 2013.
  13. ^ Interview Scraping Hub.

External links[edit]