Screen of death

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In many computer operating systems, a special type of error message will display onscreen when the system has experienced a fatal error. Computer users have dubbed these messages screens of death as they typically result in unsaved work being lost and often indicate serious problems with the system's hardware or software. Screens of death are usually the result of a kernel panic, although the terms are frequently used interchangeably. Most screens of death are displayed on an even background color with a message advising the user to restart the computer.

Notable screens of death[edit]

A Linux kernel panic, forced by an attempt to kill init
The Mac OS X kernel panic alert. It can also be referred as a "black screen of death" as it is on top of a black background. This version was first used in Mac OS X 10.6.
  • The Blue Screen of Death (also called BSoD, stop error, or blue screen) is a common name for a screen displayed by the Microsoft Windows operating system when a system error occurs. Certain other systems and devices, including Android and the iPhone 5S, have also been known to display a blue screen in certain unexpected situations.
  • A Black Screen of Death (also called BkSoD) is a failure mode of Microsoft Windows 3.x and also appears in iOS, showing only the Apple logo after everything goes black (this happens when the device freezes).
  • A Red Screen of Death (also called RSoD) appears in early beta versions of Windows Vista (also appeared in some early build versions of Windows 98) and is also the color of the fatal error screen on PlayStation consoles. The Kindle Fire shows a red screen when it is "bricked".
  • The Purple Screen of Death (also called PSoD) is used by VMware ESX Server, a server virtualization product by VMware, Inc. It is displayed in the event of a fatal kernel error. The screen provides error codes that can be used for debugging purposes. It also appears on a Nintendo DS when the cartridge is removed while playing the built-in application Pictochat, but appears to be more of a developer oversight than a genuine error message.
  • A kernel panic is used primarily by Unix and Unix-like operating systems: the Unix equivalent of Microsoft's Blue Screen of Death. It is a routine called when the kernel detects irrecoverable errors in runtime correctness; in other words, when continued operation may risk escalating system instability, and a system reboot is easier than attempted recovery.
  • A Sad Mac is a symbol used by older-generation Apple Macintosh computers, starting with the original Macintosh 128K, to indicate a severe hardware or software problem that prevented startup from occurring successfully. A similar symbol exists for the iPod.
  • The Bomb icon is a symbol that was displayed when a classic Mac OS program had an application crash. The bomb symbols were also used by the Atari ST line of computers when the system encountered a fatal error. The number of bombs indicated the exact cause of the error.
  • Guru Meditation is the name of the error that occurred on early versions of the Amiga computers when they crashed. It also appears on VirtualBox when the host system crashes.

Other screens of death[edit]

White window of death in Windows 9x. This message is shown when default Windows Explorer is corrupted.

The following refers to screens of death that are not based upon computer operating systems and appear instead in other media.

  • A White Screen of Death (also called WSoD) appears on several other operating systems, CMS[1] and BIOSes. One is in iOS 7, and the screen of death appears when a white iPhone 5 or later or a white iPod touch (5th generation) is frozen. Everything on the screen goes white, and a black Apple logo is all that's displayed on the screen.[2]
  • A Yellow Screen of Death (also called YSoD) occurs when an ASP.NET web application encounters a problem and crashes.[3] It also appears on the browser Mozilla Firefox when there are errors in reading the .xml web format.
  • A White Window of Death (WWoD) occurs on computers running Windows 3x or an operating system from the Windows 9x family. It typically occurs when Windows Explorer is corrupted, or when the computer runs out of memory to continue carrying out even the most basic of functions.
  • A Green Screen of Death (also called GSoD) is a green screen that appears on a TiVo with a message that includes the words "a severe error has occurred". Its appearance often means that the hard drive of the device has failed.[4][5] It also appears on the Nintendo Entertainment System and Xbox 360 game consoles, should they fail to start up. Blue Screens of Death on the Windows Insider builds of Windows 10 builds appears as green instead of blue, starting with build 14997.[6]
  • A Brown Screen of Death is a brown screen that occurs due to outdated drivers or video cards. The problem mostly occurs when the users tries to play a video game. The audio is also likely to go quiet or emit a buzzing noise. The problem usually forces the user to restart their computer.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Drupal White Screen of Death". 
  2. ^ Ulanoff, Lance (2006-09-12). "The Apple iPod's White Screen of Death". Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  3. ^ Busoli, Simone (November 15, 2007). "ELMAH - Error Logging Modules And Handlers". [self-published source?]
  4. ^ Carter and Bellomo. How to Do Everything with Your TiVo. McGraw-Hill Professional. 2004. pp 245, 246 & 344. Google Books.
  5. ^ Krikorian. TiVo Hacks: 100 Industrial-Strength Tips & Tools. O'Reilly Media. 2003. Page 24.
  6. ^ Warren, Tom (29 December 2016). "Windows 10 testers will now get a Green Screen of Death". The Verge. Vox Media.