iPod Touch

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iPod Touch
Pink iPod touch 6th generation.svg
Developer Apple Inc.
Manufacturer Foxconn
Product family iPod
Type Handheld PC
Release date
  • 1st gen: September 5, 2007 (2007-09-05)
  • 2nd gen: September 9, 2008 (2008-09-09)
  • 3rd gen: September 9, 2009 (2009-09-09)
  • 4th gen: September 1, 2010 (2010-09-01)
  • 5th gen: October 11, 2012 (2012-10-11)
  • 6th gen: July 15, 2015 (2015-07-15)
Units sold 100 million (as of May 2013)[1]
Operating system iOS
System-on-chip used
  • 1st & 2nd gen: 128 MB LPDDR DRAM
  • 3rd & 4th gen: 256 MB LPDDR DRAM
  • 5th gen: 512 MB LPDDR2 DRAM
  • 6th gen: 1 GB LPDDR3 DRAM
Storage 16, 32, 64 & 128  GB flash memory (6th generation)
1st gen, 2nd gen, and 3rd gen:

Wi-Fi (802.11 b/g)
4th gen:
Wi-Fi (802.11 b/g/n)
5th gen:
Wi-Fi (802.11 a/b/g/n)
6th gen:
Wi-Fi (802.11 a/b/g/n/ac)

2nd gen, 3rd gen, and 4th gen:
Bluetooth 2.1 + EDR
5th gen:
Bluetooth 4.0
6th gen:
Bluetooth 4.1[4]

  • Built-in rechargeable Li-Po battery
  • 1st gen: 3.7 V 2.15 W·h (580 mA·h)
  • 2nd gen: 3.7 V 2.73 W·h (739 mA·h)
  • 3rd gen: 3.7 V 2.92 W·h (789 mA·h)
  • 4th gen: 3.7 V 3.44 W·h (930 mA·h)
  • 5th gen: 3.7 V 3.8 W·h (1030 mA·h)
  • 6th gen: 3.83 V 3.99 W·h (1043 mA·h)
Online services App Store, iTunes Store, Game Center, iBookstore, iCloud, Passbook
  • 1st gen:
  • 110 mm (4.3 in) H
  • 61.8 mm (2.43 in) W
  • 8 mm (0.31 in) D
  • 2nd, 3rd gen:
  • 110 mm (4.3 in) H
  • 61.8 mm (2.43 in) W
  • 8.5 mm (0.33 in) D
  • 4th gen:
  • 111 mm (4.4 in) H
  • 58.9 mm (2.32 in) W
  • 7.2 mm (0.28 in) D
  • 5th, 6th gen:
  • 123.4 mm (4.86 in) H
  • 58.6 mm (2.31 in) W
  • 6.1 mm (0.24 in) D
  • 1st gen: 120 g (4.2 oz)
  • 2nd, 3rd gen: 115 g (4.1 oz)
  • 4th gen: 101 g (3.6 oz)
  • 5th, 6th gen: 88 g (3.1 oz)
Related articles iPod Nano
iPod Classic
iPod Shuffle
List of iOS devices
Website www.apple.com/ipodtouch

The iPod Touch (stylized and marketed as iPod touch) is an iOS-based all-purpose pocket computer designed and marketed by Apple Inc. with a user interface that is touchscreen-based. It can be used as a music and video player, digital camera, handheld game device, and personal digital assistant (PDA).[5] It connects to the Internet only through Wi-Fi base stations, does not use cellular network data, and is therefore not a smartphone, though it has a similar design to the iPhone and is often referred to as the "iPhone without a phone". As of May 2013, 100 million iPod Touch units have been sold. It is also the most popular iPod model.[1]

iPod touch models are sold by storage space and color, with all models of the same generation typically offering otherwise identical features, processors, and performance, in addition to available operating system upgrades; an exception was the fifth generation, as the low-end (16 GB) model was initially sold without a rear-facing camera.[6] The current iPod touch is the sixth-generation model, released in 2015.


Main article: iOS

The iPod Touch runs Apple's Unix-based iOS operating system (called 'iPhone OS' until 2010) and includes bundled software to browse the Internet, view maps, send and receive email, view media, and work with office documents such as presentations and spreadsheets. Users type on a virtual keyboard displayed on the screen. Apple operates an online store, allowing users to buy and directly download music, videos and third-party software. From launch, the iPod Touch was described by journalists as an 'iPhone without the phone',[7] and each iPod Touch model to date has been introduced with the same release number of iOS as the contemporary iPhone model.

Successive updates to iOS since the initial release in 2007 have released additional features. iPhone OS 2.0, released on July 11, 2008, introduced the App Store, which allowed third-party applications for the first time. iPhone OS 3.0, released on June 17, 2009, added features such as cut, copy, and paste, data tethering and push notification support. iOS 4.0, released on June 21, 2010, introduced iBooks, FaceTime, and multitasking. It dropped support for the first generation iPod Touch.

In June 2011, iOS 5, the fifth major release of iOS software, was announced at Apple's WWDC 2011, which added notification, messaging and reminder features.[8] Apple limited some features, most notably the voice control system Siri, to the iPhone.[9] iOS 6, which was released on September 19, 2012 to the fourth and fifth generation iPod Touch models, contains 200 new features including Passbook, Facebook integration and Apple Maps. The fifth generation iPod Touch gained the ability to take panoramic photos, a feature shared with the iPhone 4S and iPhone 5.[10]

On June 8, 2015, it was announced at the WWDC that the iPod Touch fifth generation would support iOS 9, along with other A5 devices. This makes the iPod Touch fifth generation the only iPod Touch to support 4 major versions of iOS. What features of iOS 9 it will keep, and which features that will be omitted (if any) has yet to be determined.[11]

Recent iOS updates have been free for owners of supported iPod Touch models, but Apple received criticism for charging iPod Touch owners for versions 2.0 and 3.0, which iPhone owners received for free, and for excluding certain features from the iPod Touch software that the iPhone included.[12][13] Apple's position was that they could add features for free to the iPhone because the revenue from it is accounted for on a subscription basis under accounting rules, rather than as a one time payment.[14] At WWDC in June 2010, as of iOS 4, Steve Jobs announced that Apple had "found a way" to make subsequent OS upgrades available free to iPod Touch owners.

Purchasing content[edit]

To purchase content on the iPod Touch, the user must create an Apple ID or have an existing account. With this account one may download music and videos from the iTunes Store, apps from the App Store, or books from the iBookstore. An Apple ID account created without a credit card can be used to get free content, and gift cards can be bought to pay for apps instead of using credit cards.

Third-party applications[edit]

The only official way to obtain third-party applications for the iPod Touch is Apple's App Store, which is a branch of iTunes Store. The App Store application, available in all versions of iOS from 2.0 onwards, allows users to browse and download applications from a single online repository (hosted by Apple) with the iTunes Store. To develop such software, a software development kit (SDK) was officially announced on March 6, 2008, at an Apple Town Hall meeting.[15] The iOS SDK allows making applications for the iPhone and iPod Touch after paying a fee to join the development team. The developer can then set the price for the applications they develop and will receive 70% of money earned. Apple retains 30% of the sale price with no minimum fixed fee.

User made modifications[edit]

Like all Apple's iOS devices, the iPod Touch is a tightly controlled or closed platform. Modifying or replacing the operating system violates the device warranty, communication between apps is limited and controlled, and Apple is the only authorized software vendor. Hackers have therefore attempted to 'jailbreak' all iOS devices to enable forbidden or unsupported features, such as multitasking in iOS versions before 4.0, themes for the home screen, the use of software Apple has refused to sell, or a battery percentage indicator. Jailbreaks for the iPod Touch first surfaced a month after the first model was released in September 2007, when hackers released JailbreakMe 1.0 (also called "AppSnapp") to jailbreak iPhone OS 1.1.1.[16][17] This allowed users to install third-party programs on their devices before Apple permitted this.

As of August 2014, each version of iOS on iPod Touches can be jailbroken using tools such as PwnageTool, redsn0w, Absinthe, both versions of evasi0n, and Pangu.[citation needed] Apple's warranty statement implies that an iPod Touch after jailbreaking or other modification made by unofficial means is not covered by Apple's warranty. Jailbreaking is a violation of the Terms and Conditions for using iOS. The jailbreaking process can normally be undone by performing a restore through iTunes. However, not all jailbreaks can be removed completely, and therefore some can be traced in the iPod system even after an iTunes restore.[18]

Comparison to the iPhone[edit]

Main article: List of iOS devices

The iPod Touch is generally similar to the iPhone. The iPod Touch lacks some of the iPhone's features and associated apps, including the built-in compass, but is also thinner, lighter and less expensive. The fifth generation models are closely related to the iPhone 5C, which is also available in a variety of colors despite the iPod Touch loop. However, the 5th generation iPod touch has the A5 system on a chip, while the iPhone 5C has the A6, like 2012's iPhone 5. Older models also lack IPS display technology, speakers, microphones, and cameras, and the camera has never been as high quality as on contemporary iPhone models.[19] Until the fifth generation, the iPod Touch camera lacked a flash for low-light photography, and until the fourth generation the sleep/wake button was on the opposite side. Previous iPod touch models had another major difference from the iPhone, and that was the stainless steel rear (which was replaced by a much more durable anodised aluminium in 2012 with the 5th generation iPod touch) Steve Jobs once referred to the iPod Touch as "training wheels for the iPhone".[20]


  • iTunes 10 or later (iTunes 10.5 for iOS 5.0 +)
  • Mac OS 10.5 or later (10.5.8 for iOS 5.0 +)
  • Windows XP Home Edition or Professional with Service Pack 3 or later (Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1 or Windows 10 to use iCloud)

Setup and synchronization[edit]

For iPod Touch units bought before October 12, 2011 users must own a Mac or PC computer to be able to use the iPod. Users then must install iTunes and connect the iPod through a USB port. The iPod will then be set up in iTunes. New iPods bought after October 12, 2011 have iOS 5.0 preloaded, and allow activation wirelessly, without the need of a PC or Mac.[21]

Earlier iPod Touch units must be plugged into a computer to be synced. This will charge the iPod Touch and sync the music library, videos, pictures and backup data. iOS 5 enables the user to do all this from the device and send it to the iCloud service, which supports Mac OS X Lion and later.

Battery charging[edit]

Starting with the second generation, iPod Touch can only be charged from the 5 V pin of the dock connector while most prior iPod models (including the original iPod Touch) could also be charged from the 12 V pin for FireWire power.[22] This change dropped support for charging in vehicles equipped with a FireWire-based iPod connection. Most aftermarket manufacturers of such equipment offer cables and/or adapters which convert the vehicle's 12 V to 5 V. Charging the iPod Touch takes about 2 hours (80 per cent capacity) for fast charge, and full charge takes about 4 hours.

Apple Lightning connector[edit]

Main article: Lightning (connector)
Apple Lightning connector

The iPod Touch (fifth generation) and iPhone 5 feature a new dock connector, named "Lightning", which replaces the Apple Dock connector on older iPhone, iPad, iPod models. The Apple Lightning connector has eight pins and all signaling is digital. This new connector is smaller than the previous one allowing the iPhone 5 slimmer form factor. Apple Lightning cables have duplicate pins on two sides of each plug, so it can be inserted either way around. Various accessories will be available to convert the Apple Lightning connector to the older Apple Dock connector or USB,[23] although not all old accessories will work, as not all signals are available.[24]


Obsolete Discontinued Current
1st generation 2nd generation 3rd generation 4th generation 5th generation 6th generation
Picture IPod touch 1st generation.png IPod touch 2G.png IPod touch 2G.png 4th Generation iPod touch.png Blue iPod touch 5th Generation.png Pink iPod touch 6th generation.svg
Initial operating system iPhone OS 1.1 iPhone OS 2.1
iPhone OS 3.1.1 (8 GB "MC" model)
iPhone OS 3.1.1 iOS 4.1 iOS 6.0 iOS 8.4
Highest supported operating system iPhone OS 3.1.3 iOS 4.2.1 iOS 5.1.1[25] iOS 6.1.6 iOS 9.0.2
Display 3.5 in (89 mm), 3:2 aspect ratio, 262,144-color (18-bit), glossy glass covered LED-backlit TN LCD, 480 × 320 px (HVGA) at 163 ppi, 200:1 contrast ratio 3.5 in (89 mm), 3:2 aspect ratio, 16,777,216-color (18-bit + FRC), glossy glass-covered LED-backlit TN LCD, 960 × 640 px at 326 ppi, 800:1 contrast ratio 4 in (100 mm), 71:40 aspect ratio, LED backlit IPS TFT LCD, 1,136 × 640 px at 326 ppi, 800:1 contrast ratio
Input Multi-touch touchscreen display Multi-touch touchscreen display
volume buttons
built-in speaker
Multi-touch touchscreen display
volume buttons
built-in speaker and microphone with new earphones
Multi-touch touchscreen display
built-in speaker and microphone
voice control
3-axis accelerometer, gyroscope
volume buttons
ambient light sensors
Multi-touch touchscreen display
built in speaker and microphone
3-axis accelerometer, gyroscope
volume buttons
Processor 620 MHz (underclocked to 412 MHz, originally 400 MHz) 32-bit RISC ARM 1176JZ(F)-S v1.0 (32 KB L1) (Samsung S5L8900)[26] 620 MHz (underclocked to 533 MHz) ARM11 core (32 KB L1) with internal ARM7 core for Jazelle acceleration (Samsung S5L8720)[26] 833 MHz (underclocked to 600 MHz) ARM Cortex-A8 (64 KB L1) (Samsung S5L8922)[27] 800 MHz ARM Cortex-A8 Apple A4 (SoC)[28] 1 GHz (underclocked to 800 MHz) ARM Cortex-A9 dual-core Apple A5 (SoC)[29] 1.4 GHz (underclocked to 1.1 GHz) dual-core Apple Typhoon ARMv8-A (64-bit) Apple A8 with M8 motion coprocessor
GPU PowerVR MBX Lite GPU[30][31] PowerVR SGX535 GPU[32] PowerVR SGX543MP2 (dual-core, 200 MHz) GPU PowerVR Series 6XT GX6450 (quad-core)
SoC Samsung S5L8900 Samsung S5L8720 Samsung S5L8922 Apple A4 Apple A5 Apple A8
Storage 8, 16 or 32 GB 32 or 64 GB 8, 16, 32 or 64 GB 16, 32 or 64 GB 16, 32, 64 or 128 GB
16 GB
32 GB
8 GB
$229 → $199
16 GB
32 GB
32 GB
64 GB
8 GB
$229 → $199
16 GB (2012)
32 GB
$299 → $249
64 GB
16 GB (2013)
16 GB (2014)
32 GB
$299 → $249
64 GB
$399 → $299
16 GB
32 GB
64 GB
128 GB
RAM 128 MB LPDDR DRAM[33] 256 MB LPDDR DRAM[34][35][36] 512 MB LPDDR2 DRAM[37] 1 GB LPDDR3 RAM[38]
Connector 30-pin connector 8-pin Lightning connector
Connectivity Wi-Fi (802.11b/g),
30-pin connector
includes earphones and polishing cloth (only in 1st and 2nd generations)
In addition to prior:
Bluetooth 2.1 + EDR (requires iPhone OS 3.0),
built-in speaker, hardware volume controls, Nike+
In addition to prior:
Voice control,
includes earphones with remote and mic
In addition to prior:
Wi-Fi (802.11n)
3-axis gyroscope
built-in microphone
includes earphones (no remote or mic)
In addition to prior:
Wi-Fi (802.11a) (802.11n on 5 GHz)
revised dock connector (8-pin Lightning connector)
Siri voice assistant
Revised Apple Earpods
In addition to prior:
Wi-Fi (802.11ac)
Digital compass N/A
Bluetooth N/A Bluetooth 2.1 + EDR Bluetooth 4.0 Bluetooth 4.1
Cameras Back N/A 0.7 MP backside illuminated CMOS image sensor with video (720p HD at 30 fps) and 0.7 MP photos 5 MP backside illuminated sensor with video (1080p HD at 30 fps), LED flash (no rear camera for 16 GB model prior to June 2014) 8 MP backside illuminated sensor with video (1080p HD at 30 fps), (720p slow-motion at 120 fps), LED flash
Front 0.3 MP (VGA) photos and video at up to 30 fps 1.2 MP photos and 720p video at up to 30 fps
Audio codec Wolfson Microelectronics WM8758BG[39] Cirrus Logic CS4398[citation needed] Cirrus Logic CS4398[40] Cirrus Logic 338S0589 (similar to iPhone 4)[41] Cirrus Logic 338S1077[42] Cirrus Logic 338S1116[38]
Materials Stainless steel back and aluminum bezel; plastic for Wi-Fi antenna Contoured stainless steel back and bezel; plastic for Wi-Fi and Bluetooth antenna Glass display, stainless steel back and bezel Contoured aluminum back and bezel; plastic for Wi-Fi and Bluetooth antenna
Color Black front
Polished stainless steel back
Black front
Polished stainless steel back
Black or white front
Polished stainless steel back
16 GB (2013)
16 GB (2014), 32 GB, 64 GB
     Slate (2012–2013)
     Space gray (2013–2015)
     Product Red
     Space gray
     Product Red
Power Built-in rechargeable lithium-ion polymer battery[41][42][43][44][45]
3.7 V 2.15 W·h (580 mA·h)
[citation needed]
3.7 V 2.73 W·h (739 mA·h)[44][46] 3.7 V 2.92 W·h (789 mA·h)[45] 3.7 V 3.44 W·h (930 mA·h)[47] 3.7 V 3.8 W·h (1,030 mA·h)[42] 3.83 V 3.99 W·h (1,043 mA·h)[38]
Rated battery life (hours) audio: 22
video: 5
audio: 36
video: 6
audio: 30
video: 6
audio: 40
video: 7
audio: 40
video: 8
Hardware string iPod1,1 iPod2,1 iPod3,1 iPod4,1 iPod5,1 iPod 7,1
Dimensions 110 mm (4.3 in) H
61.8 mm (2.43 in) W
8 mm (0.31 in) D
110 mm (4.3 in) H
61.8 mm (2.43 in) W
8.5 mm (0.33 in) D
110 mm (4.3 in) H
58 mm (2.3 in) W
7.1 mm (0.28 in) D
123.4 mm (4.86 in) H
58.6 mm (2.31 in) W
6.1 mm (0.24 in) D
Weight 120 g (4.2 oz) 115 g (4.1 oz) 101 g (3.6 oz) 16 GB (2014), 32 GB, 64 GB
88 g (3.1 oz)
16 GB (2013)
86 g (3.0 oz)
88 g (3.1 oz)
Model number A1213[48] A1288[48] A1318[48] A1367[48] A1421
Released 8 GB, 16 GB
September 5, 2007
32 GB
February 27, 2008
September 9, 2008 September 9, 2009 Black 8 GB, 32 GB, 64 GB
September 1, 2010
White 8 GB, 32 GB, 64 GB
October 12, 2011
16 GB
September 12, 2012
32 GB, 64 GB
October 11, 2012
16 GB (2013)
May 30, 2013
16 GB (2014)
June 26, 2014
July 15, 2015
Discontinued September 9, 2008 16 GB, 32 GB
September 9, 2009
8 GB
September 1, 2010
September 1, 2010 8 GB, 64 GB
September 12, 2012
16 GB, 32 GB
May 30, 2013
16 GB (2013)
June 26, 2014
16 GB (2014), 32 GB, 64 GB
July 15, 2015

Timeline of models[edit]

Apple TV iPad Mini 4 iPad Mini 3 iPad Mini 2 iPad Mini (1st generation) iPad Pro iPad Air 2 iPad Air iPad (4th generation) iPad (3rd generation) iPad 2 iPad (1st generation) iPod Touch (6th generation) iPod Touch (5th generation) iPod Touch#Models iPod Touch#Models iPod Touch#Models iPod Touch#Models IPhone 6S IPhone 6S iPhone 6 Plus iPhone 6 iPhone 5S iPhone 5C iPhone 5 iPhone 4S iPhone 4 iPhone 3GS iPhone 3G iPhone (1st generation)
Sources: Apple press release library,[49] Mactracker Apple Inc. model database[50]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Smith, Mat (May 30, 2013). "Apple: 100 million iPod touches sold since 2007". Engadget. AOL Inc. Retrieved January 29, 2014. 
  2. ^ http://www.macrumors.com/2015/07/15/a8-ipod-touch-benchmarks-1gb-ram/
  3. ^ http://www.anandtech.com/show/9443/apple-refreshes-the-ipod-touch-with-a8-soc-and-new-camera
  4. ^ "Apple - iPod touch - Technical Specifications". Apple. Apple Inc. Retrieved July 15, 2015. 
  5. ^ "iPod touch - Features". Apple. Retrieved June 10, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Apple cuts prices on iPod Touch line, refreshes 16GB model". CNET. June 26, 2014. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  7. ^ Sadun, Erica (September 5, 2007). "Apple announces iPod Touch: iPhone without the phone". TUAW. Retrieved September 5, 2007. 
  8. ^ "Apple announce iOS 5 and iPhone release date". Apple. October 4, 2011. Retrieved October 4, 2011. 
  9. ^ Lawler, Richard (October 4, 2011). "iPod touch still maxes out at 64GB / $399, available in white October 12th". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved May 5, 2012. 
  10. ^ Gunther, Cory (September 19, 2012). "What’s new in iOS 6? Here’s the changelog". SlashGear. R3 Media. Retrieved January 1, 2013. 
  11. ^ https://www.apple.com/ios/ios9-preview/
  12. ^ Block, Ryan (January 17, 2008). "iPod touch users: if you bought after Jan 1 the new apps are free – maybe". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved March 3, 2010. 
  13. ^ Arya, Aayush (January 24, 2008). "Early Adopter Tax Resurfaces with the iPod touch January Software Upgrade". AppleMatters. Retrieved March 3, 2010. 
  14. ^ Dalrymple, Jim. "Accounting rules behind iPod touch update charge". Macworld. Retrieved March 3, 2010. 
  15. ^ Block, Ryan (March 8, 2008). "Live from Apple's iPhone SDK press conference". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved March 3, 2010. 
  16. ^ Wilson, Ben (October 10, 2007). "Official iPhone 1.1.1 jailbreak released with easy-to-follow instructions; does not require TIFF exploit". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved November 10, 2009. 
  17. ^ Keizer, Gregg (October 29, 2007). "Hacker Software Can Install Unauthorized Software on iPhones". PCWorld. Retrieved August 25, 2011. 
  18. ^ "iPod and iSight Warranty" (PDF). Apple. p. 1. Retrieved December 24, 2008. 
  19. ^ Foresman, Chris (September 15, 2010). "iPod Touch camera review: can’t top iPhone 4; better than nothing". Ars Technica. Retrieved September 15, 2010. 
  20. ^ Fildes, Nic (September 19, 2007). "iPhone finally arrives but it's neither cheap nor G3". The Independent (UK). Retrieved October 24, 2008. 
  21. ^ "iOS 5 - See new features included in iOS 5". Apple. Retrieved November 29, 2011. 
  22. ^ "iPhone and iPod touch: Charging the battery". Apple. October 15, 2008. Retrieved January 12, 2010. 
  23. ^ "Apple iPhone 5 features". Apple. September 12, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2012. 
  24. ^ McGlaun, Shane (September 13, 2012). "iPhone 5 won’t work with some accessories even with Apple Lightning adapter". SlashGear. R3 Media. Retrieved September 13, 2012. 
  25. ^ "iOS 5.1.1 Software Update". Apple Inc. May 7, 2012. Retrieved May 16, 2012. 
  26. ^ a b That IPod Touch Runs at 533 MHz – PC World
  27. ^ "The iPhone 3GS Hardware ES performance and system information". Glbenchmark.com. Retrieved 2010-06-07. 
  28. ^ "iPod Touch 4th Generation Teardown". September 8, 2010. Retrieved October 2, 2012. 
  29. ^ Dreyer, Pete (2012-10-26). "Apple iPod Touch 5th generation review". T3. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  30. ^ "The iPhone 3GS Hardware Exposed & Analyzed". AnandTech. Retrieved June 7, 2010. 
  31. ^ "Intel ups stake in iPhone GPU maker". Electronista.com. December 23, 2008. Retrieved March 3, 2010. 
  32. ^ "Apple iPhone 3G S – OpenGL ES performance and system information". Glbenchmark.com. Retrieved June 7, 2010. 
  33. ^ "The iPhone 3GS Hardware Exposed & Analyzed – AnandTech :: Your Source for Hardware Analysis and News". AnandTech. Retrieved 2010-06-07. 
  34. ^ "iPod Touch 4th Generation Teardown – Page 3". iFixit. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  35. ^ "iPhone 3GS gets PowerVR SGX GPU core, double the RAM". Electronista. 2009-06-10. Retrieved 2010-06-07. 
  36. ^ "Apple's iPod Touch (2010) Review, Not a Poor Man's iPhone 4". AnandTech. 2010-09-08. Retrieved 2010-09-08. 
  37. ^ Benjamin, Jeff (2012-10-11). "iPod touch 5th generation review". iDownloadBlog. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  38. ^ a b c d "iPod Touch 6th Generation Teardown". iFixit. 2015-07-16. Retrieved 2015-07-17. 
  39. ^ "od Touch 1st Generation Teardown – Page 3". iFixit. Retrieved 2010-06-25. 
  40. ^ "iPod Touch 3rd Generation Teardown". iFixit. Retrieved 2010-06-25. 
  41. ^ a b "iPod Touch 4th Generation Teardown". iFixit. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  42. ^ a b c "iPod Touch 5th Generation Teardown". iFixit. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  43. ^ "iPod Touch 1st Generation Teardown — Page 2 – iFixit". iFixit. Retrieved 2009-10-04. 
  44. ^ a b "iPod Touch 2nd Generation Teardown — Page 2 – iFixit". iFixit. Retrieved 2009-10-04. 
  45. ^ a b "iPod Touch 3rd Generation Teardown — Page 2 – iFixit". iFixit. Retrieved 2009-10-04. 
  46. ^ "IECEE — CBTC — Public information". IEC. Retrieved 2009-10-13. [dead link]
  47. ^ Po-Han Lin. "iPhone Secrets and iPad Secrets and iPod Touch Secrets". Technology Depot. Retrieved December 8, 2011. 
  48. ^ a b c d e "Identifying iPod models". Apple. 2012-12-14. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  49. ^ Apple Inc., Apple press release library, Retrieved September 19, 2007.
  50. ^ Mactracker (mactracker.ca), Apple Inc. model database, version as of 26 July 2007.

External links[edit]