Scyllarides

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Scyllarides
Temporal range: Ypresian–Recent
Scyllarides latus.jpg
Scyllarides latus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Infraorder: Achelata
Family: Scyllaridae
Genus: Scyllarides
Gill, 1898
Type species
Scyllarus aequinoctialis
Lund, 1793 [1]

Scyllarides is a genus of slipper lobsters.

Characteristics[edit]

Scyllarides is placed in the subfamily Arctidinae, which is differentiated from other subfamilies by the presence of multiarticulated exopods on all three maxillipeds, and a three-segmented palp on the mandible. The only other genus in the subfamily, Arctides, is distinguished by having a more highly sculptured carapace, with an extra spine behind each eye, and a transverse groove on the first segment of the abdomen.[2]

Taxonomic history[edit]

In 1849, Wilhem de Haan divided the genus Scyllarus into two genera, Scyllarus and Arctus, but made the error of including the type species of Scyllarus in the genus Arctus. This was first recognised by the ichthyologist Theodore Gill in 1898, who synonymised Arctus with Scyllarus, and erected a new genus Scyllarides to hold the species that De Haan had placed in Scyllarus.[3]

Species[edit]

Scyllarides comprises the following extant species:[4][5]

In addition, two species of Scyllarides are known from the Eocene of Europe:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lipke Holthuis (1951). "Proposed use of the plenary powers to render the generic name "Scyllarides" Gill,1898 (Class Crustacca, order Decapoda) the oldest available name for the species currently referred thereto". Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature (2): 81–82. 
  2. ^ Lipke B. Holthuis (1991). "Key". FAO Species Catalogue, Volume 13. Marine Lobsters of the World. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125. Food and Agriculture Organization. ISBN 92-5-103027-8. 
  3. ^ Lipke B. Holthuis (2002). "The Indo-Pacific scyllarine lobsters (Crustacea, Decapoda, Scyllaridae)" (PDF). Zoosystema. 24 (3): 499–683. 
  4. ^ Lipke Holthuis (1991). FAO Species Catalogue, Volume 13. Marine Lobsters of the World. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125. Food and Agriculture Organization. ISBN 92-5-103027-8. 
  5. ^ Tin-Yam Chan (2010). Martyn E. Y. Low and S. H. Tan, ed. "Annotated checklist of anomuran decapod crustaceans of the world (exclusive of the Kiwaoidea and families Chirostylidae and Galatheidae of the Galatheoidea) and marine lobsters of the world" (PDF). Zootaxa. Suppl. 23: 153–181.  |chapter= ignored (help)
  6. ^ Lipke Holthuis (1993). "Scyllarides obtusus spec. nov., the scyllarid lobster of Saint Helena, Central South Atlantic (Crustacea: Decapoda Reptantia: Scyllaridae)". Zoologische Mededelingen. 67 (36): 505–515. 
  7. ^ Antonio de Angeli & Alessandro Garassino (2008). "Pseudosquilla lessinea n. sp. (Crustacea, Stomatopoda, Pseudosquillidae) and Scyllarides bolcensis n. sp. (Crustacea, Decapoda, Scyllaridae) from the lower Eocene (Ypresian) of Monte Postale (Altissimo, Vicenza, NE Italy)". Atti della Società italiana di scienze naturali e del museo civico di storia naturale di Milano. 149 (2): 167–178. 
  8. ^ Joe S. H. Collins & Jeff Saward (2006). "Three new genera and species of crabs from the Lower Eocene London Clay of Essex, England" (PDF). Bulletin of the Mizunami Fossil Museum. 33: 67–76.