Sebastián de la Cuadra, 1st Marquis of Villarías
Sebastián de la Cuadra
Marqués de Villarías
Caballero de Santiago
|First Secretary of State|
26 November 1736 – 4 December 1746
|Preceded by||José Patiño|
|Succeeded by||José de Carvajal|
|Born||20 January 1687
San Julián de Musques, Spain
|Died||April 9, 1766
Sebastián de la Cuadra y Llarena, 1st Marquis of Villarías (20 January 1687 – 9 April 1766) was a Spanish statesman. He served as Chief Minister during between 1736 and 1746 during the reign of Philip V of Spain.
He became in 1719 the Mayor of Muskiz, a Basque town exploiting iron ores and local smelters, having two himself, one working as early as the 15th century, Knight of the Military Order of Santiago Santiago in 1730 (sig. 2239). Secretary of State in 1731, and as from 1741 controlling also the Area of Justice. For much of this late period in office, Spain was involved in the War of Jenkins' Ear with Britain and the War of the Austrian Succession in Italy. He was replaced by José de Carvajal y Lancáster in December 1746. For his service he was made Marqués de Villarías by King Philip V of Spain on 22 March 1739, an honour awarded sometimes either to outgoing First Ministers or during their tenure.
He was a co-founder of the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in 1744.
He died, no issue, on 9 April 1766. The 2nd Marquis of Villarías was his brother, Agustín de la Cuadra y de Llarena, (5 November 1679 - married 17 December 1709 to Andresa Manuela de Mollinedo.
Agustin and Sebastian had a sister, Francisca de la Cuadra y de Llarena, born also in San Julián de Musques on 13 October 1697. She married Simon de Llano y Musquez on 16 February 1716; they had 8 children. Among their children were:
- Sebastián de Llano y la Cuadra, born in 1727, who married in The Hague, Holland, Baroness María de Adelmar Paniariui, in 1783. He was promoted to conde de Senafé (8 August 1780), awarded by King Charles III of Spain. Ambassador to the United Provinces, Holland, under King Charles IV of Spain.
- José Antonio de Llano y la Cuadra. Ambassador in Vienna, Austria, He was promoted to marqués de Llano, perhaps by inheritance, on the death in 1794 of his brother José Agustín.
- José Agustín de Llano y la Cuadra (15 October 1722 - 5 March 1794), born also in San Julián de Musques (today Muskiz, in Basque language). First Secretary of State, Spain, Ambassador in Vienna, Austria, Knight of the Military Order of Santiago in 1741, (sig. 4729), 1st Marqués de Llano, (23 April 1772), by King Charles III of Spain. He married on 12 June 1770 the very wealthy Isabel Parreño, from Corral de Almaguer, province of Toledo, Spain. She was painted by the famous Danish-German Court painter Anton Raphael Mengs (1728–1779), and protected in Vienna in 1785, Spanish opera and ballet composer Vicente Martín y Soler, (Valencia, 1754 - Saint Petersburg, Russia, January 1806) monitoring him to become the Director, court composer, after 1788 of the Saint Petersburg Opera, Russia, with Empress Catherine II of Russia.
- Genealogy (in Spanish)
- Juan Antonio Llorente, (born 1756 - 1823), Noticias históricas de las tres provincias vascongadas, Alava, Guipuzcoa y Vizcaya en que se procura .., Madrid Imprenta Real, (1808),consulted in Internet, (22 July 2009), at the Library of the University of Michigan, U.S. A. :
- Book of this Bonapartist member of the Spanish Inquisition, reprinted as Noticias históricas de las tres provincias vascongadas, Author Juan Antonio Llorente, Edición 3, Editor Editorial Amigos del Libro Vasco, (1984) ISBN 84-7572-119-2, ISBN 978-84-7572-119-4, 479 pages.
- W. F. REDDAWAY, Don Sebastian de Llano and the Danish Revolution, The English Historical Review, Vol. 41, No. 161 (Jan., 1926), pp. 78–90, (article consists of 13 pages), Published by: Oxford University Press.
|First Secretary of State
José de Carvajal
|New title||Marquis of Villarías
Agustín de la Cuadra