José de Carvajal y Lancáster
|The Most Excellent|
José de Carvajal
|Prime Minister of Spain|
4 December 1746 – 8 April 1754
|Preceded by||The Marquis of Villarías|
|Succeeded by||The Duke of Huéscar|
April 8, 1754 (aged 55–56)|
He was son of the Duke of Liñares and his mother was descendant of infante Jorge de Lancastre, a natural son of King John II of Portugal. After graduating at the University of Salamanca, he was appointed oidor (judge) of the Chancillería of Valladolid and later councillor of the Council of the Indies. Prime minister José del Campillo elected him as his personal secretary. In 1746, he was appointed president of the Junta of Commerce and Money, and promoted the establishment of chartered corporations for the improvement of regional trade and manufacture.
The new king Ferdinand VI appointed him First Secretary of State that same year, and carried out a neutrality policy. In 1750, he signed the agreement between Spain and Portugal that finished the disputes over the borders of Río de la Plata and Brazil; Colonia del Sacramento returned to Spain in exchange of some Paraguayan territories.
- Molina, Juan: José de Carvajal: un ministro para el reformismo borbónico, Cáceres: Institución Cultural El Brocense, 1999
- Delgado, José Miguel: El proyecto político de Carvajal: pensamiento y reforma en tiempos de Fernando VI, Madrid: CSIC, 2001
- Media related to José de Carvajal y Lancaster at Wikimedia Commons
The Marquis of Villarías
| First Secretary of State
The Duke of Huéscar