Semir Osmanagić (born 1 June 1960, Zenica, SFR Yugoslavia), also known as Sam Osmanagich, is a Bosnian businessman, based since 1992 in Houston, Texas, United States. He is best known for promoting his pseudo-archaeological project in central Bosnia (near the town of Visoko) related to the so-called "Bosnian pyramids". Osmanagić claims that a cluster of natural hills in central Bosnia and Herzegovina are the largest human-made ancient pyramids on Earth. He has conducted extensive marketing about the site and promoted tourism there.
An enthusiast of pyramids, Osmanagić completed a doctorate in social sciences but does not have a science background in any archaeological field. Professional geologists, archaeologists and other scientists have directly refuted his claims about the central Bosnian hills; they have concluded — after direct analysis of the site, its known history, and excavations — that the hills are common natural formations known as flatirons with no signs of human construction.
Early life and career
Osmanagić was born in Bosnia, and after graduating from university, he ran an import-export business for seven years. In 1992 as the Bosnian War was breaking out, he emigrated to the United States. He settled in Houston, Texas, where he found a job as a marketing assistant for a company producing parts for oil and gas wells. He was promoted to manager and minority owner in the firm, holding a five percent stake in 1999.
Osmanagić founded the manufacturing company Met Company, Inc. in Houston in 1995, and continues to be its owner and CEO. In 2006 he founded the Bosnian Pyramids of the Sun Foundation, to support excavations and construction of an "archaeological park" at the site. He has served from the beginning as its executive director.
He holds a master's degree in international economics and politics. He completed a doctoral degree in social sciences in 2009; both degrees were obtained from the University of Sarajevo. In 2009 he became a member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences which has come under criticism for the fact that many of its members do not have any scientific credentials and because some of its members peddle pseudoscience. . This association should not be confused with the Russian Academy of Sciences, which has reputable standing among the international community of scientists.
Bosnian pyramids claim
In April 2005, Osmanagić was invited to visit Visočica and its fortress ruins. During the visit Osmanagić noticed the pyramidal shape of Visočica hill. He subsequently wrote a book promoting the claim that the hill was the remains of an ancient, man-made pyramid, which he claimed was one of five colossal stone structures in the shape of a pyramid with an extensive prehistoric tunnel network. He named those structures "Bosnian pyramids", and established a charitable foundation, the 'Archaeological Park: Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun Foundation', to fund the promotion and investigation of the site. Osmanagić claimed that he wished to excavate in order to "break a cloud of negative energy, allowing the Earth to receive cosmic energy from the centre of the galaxy".
In early 2006, geologists from the University of Tuzla analyzed core samples at Visočica. Their tests showed that the hill is composed of the same material as other mountains in the area: alternating layers of conglomerate, clay and sandstone. Excavations revealed layers of fractured conglomerate at Visočica, while those at Pljesevica uncovered cracked sandstone plates, separated by layers of silt and clay. Robert M. Schoch, associate professor of Natural Science at Boston University, said at the time, "What [Osmanagić has] found isn't even unusual or spectacular from the geological point of view. It's completely straightforward and mundane." In April 2006, twenty-one historians, geologists and archaeologists signed an open letter describing the excavations as amateurish and lacking proper scientific supervision.
The 'Bosnian Pyramid' project is alleged to have done considerable damage to the archaeological heritage of the area, which contains ruins of a medieval capital, Roman observation post, and earlier remains. Anthony Harding, Professor of Archaeology at Exeter University and then-president of the European Association of Archeologists, said that, "Osmanagić is conducting a pseudo-archaeological project that, disgracefully, threatens to destroy parts of Bosnia's real heritage."
Osmanagić's theories and credibility have come under near-universal criticism from the scientific community since he gained prominence in marketing the excavations at Visočica. He is interested in pyramids but is an amateur in their study.
During this period, he has pursued graduate study at the University of Sarajevo, where his doctoral adviser was Hidajet Repovac, Professor of Sociology at Faculty of Political Science in Sarajevo. In his 2009 doctoral thesis, Osmanagič claims that the Maya Civilization of Mesoamerica predates the Olmec, and that their culture mysteriously ceased to exist after the 10th century CE. He also discusses in some detail Mayan crystal skulls, positing that they were created with the use of advanced technology. He discusses the alleged psychological and parapsychological phenomena surrounding them. He suggests that the Maya had contact with the Chinese, giving as an example a jade carving of a jaguar, which he posits is carved from Chinese nephrite. Others have identified the material as jadeite, a material used by the Mayans.
As early as 2007, Repovac was part of the Foundation set up by Osmanagić to support excavations on the hills. Repovac also served as one of the co-chairmen of the 2008 International Conference on the (so-called) Bosnian Pyramids.
In an article in Archaeology Magazine, Beth Kampschror refers to Osmanagić's book, The World of the Maya (2004), which suggests that the Maya were descendants of aliens from the Pleiades by way of Atlantis. Osmanagić wrote in his book, "Were perhaps those who were ready picked up in spaceships by their mentors from the Pleiades star cluster? Or perhaps they joined the Lords of the Galaxy and, in pods of light, set off on a journey with no return." Osmanagić also wrote,
"It is my theory that the Maya should be considered watchmakers of the cosmos whose mission it is to adjust the Earthly frequency and bring it into accordance with the vibrations of our Sun;... Their ancestors, the civilizations of Atlantis and Lemuria, erected the first temples on energy potent points of the Planet. Their most important function was to serve as a gateway to other worlds and dimensions."
In his book Alternative History (2003, published in Croatian), Osmanagić suggests that Hitler and other leading Nazis escaped from Germany at the end of World War II to an underground base in Antarctica.
- Sam Osmanagich, Pyramids around the World, The New Era Times Press, 2012, Houston, Texas (language: English)
- Semir Sam Osmanagich, Bosnian Valley of the Pyramids, Mauna-Fe Publishing, 2006, Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina (language: English)
- Sam Osmanagich, The Mayan World, Gorgias Press , 2005, Piscataway, New Jersey, USA (language: English)
- Sam Osmanagich, The World of Maya, Svjetlost, 2004, Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina (language: English)
- Sam Osmanagich, Alternativna povijest - tragovima Atlantide, Indrija, 2003, Zagreb (385/1-370-7688)(language: Croatian)
- Semir Osmanagich & Peggy Sue Skipper Ancient History from Beyond the Veil: An Akashic Records Experiment Bridges the Gap Between Science and Spirituality, Blue Bonnets Boots and Books,2011
- Colin Woodard (December 2009). "The Pyramid Man: The Mystery of Bosnia's Ancient Pyramids". Smithsonian. No. 40:9.
- "Pyramid No More", Sub Rosa, Issue 6, Oct 2006.
- The great Bosnian pyramid scheme by Anthony Harding, British Archaeology, November/December 2006.
- Bohannon, John (22 September 2006). "Mad About Pyramids"]" (PDF). Science.
- Beachy, Debra (2008-12-07). "article". Houston Business Journal. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- "Providing Jobs for Refugees Is a Win-win Business Move". Houston Business Journal. 20 June 1999. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
- insert date May 2010 and hit submit (2010-05-28). "University of Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, News archive, doctorate promotion,". Sociology. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- Yuri Efremov, Опасность лженауки ("Danger of Pseudoscience")
- «Существует большое количество невежд и жуликов». Интервью с академиком РАН В. Л. Гинзбургом
- Проблемы борьбы с лженаукой (обсуждение в Президиуме РАН)
- Osmanagić, Semir (July 2006). "Energijsko središče sveta?" [The energy center of the world] (in Slovenian). Misteriji. p. 5. Archived from the original on 2009-05-08. Retrieved 2009-11-20.
Mi razbijamo negativni energijski oblak. To mora biti narejeno pred letom 2012, da bi lahko sprejeli zgodovinski vpliv vesoljne energije iz koz- mičnega centra naše galaksi- je.
- "Interview with Hidajet Repovac". Dani. Archived from the original on November 25, 2010.
- "Prof. Dr. Repovac Hidajet".
- Osmanagich, Sam Semir. "Dr.sci Sam Semir Osmanagich, PhD".
- Osmanagić's PhD thesis
- Sharer, Robert; Sylvanus Griswold Morley (1994). The Ancient Maya. Stanford University Press. p. 392. ISBN 978-0-8047-2130-1.
- "General Multidisciplinary Research Project Bosnian Region Pyramids In Visoko, Bosnia And Herzegovina" (PDF). Archaeological Park: Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
- "Presidency". International Conference on the Bosnian Pyramids. Retrieved 15 April 2011.
- Kampschror, Beth. "Pyramid Scheme." Archaeology. July/Aug 2006, Vol. 59 Issue 4, p22-28.
- Rose, Mark (2006-04-27). "The Bosnia-Atlantis connection". Archaeology. Retrieved 2009-01-19.
- "A towering success". The Economist. 10 August 2006. Retrieved 19 March 2016.