Vissarion

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Vissarion
Other namesVissarion
Personal
Born
Sergey Anatolyevitch Torop

(1961-01-14) 14 January 1961 (age 60)
ReligionChristian based new religious movement
NationalityRussian
ParentsAnatoly Torop and Nadia Malashenko
Other namesVissarion
ChurchChurch of the Last Testament

Sergey Anatolyevitch Torop (Russian: Серге́й Анато́льевич То́роп, Sergej Anatolʹevič Torop; born 14 January 1961 in Krasnodar, Russian SFSR), known as Vissarion (Russian: Виссарио́н, IPA: [vʲɪsərʲɪˈon], "He who gives new life" or "life-giving"), is a Russian mystic and leader of the cult, Church of the Last Testament.[1][2][3]

Torop claims that on 18 August 1990, when he was 29, he had a revelation that he was the reincarnation of Jesus Christ. He first spoke publicly about his revelation in Minusinsk on 18 August 1991. He founded the "Church of the Last Testament" (Церковь Последнего Завета Tserkov Poslednego Zaveta), also known as the "Community of Unified Faith", with its head church located in the Siberian Taiga in the Minusinsk Depression east of Abakan, in the small settlement of Petropavlovka. As Vissarion, he teaches reincarnation, veganism, and harmonious human relations predicting the end of the world. He has around 4,000 followers (called Vissarionites) living in the settlement and a further 6,000 followers around the world.[3]

From 1991 till the precent time on the basis of Vissarion's meetings, giving speeches and teachings the few volumed text was written that called “The Last Testament,” a text outlining a set of principles, focused on self-improvement, self-governance and community[4]

Biography[edit]

Sergey Anatolyevitch Torop was born in Krasnodar to Anatoly Torop and Nadezhda (née Malashenko). At 18, he began compulsory service by enlisting in the Red Army, becoming a sergeant working on building sites in Mongolia, followed by three years as a factory metal worker in Minusinsk, Siberia.[5] In the town, he worked as a patrol officer before losing his job in 1989.[2][6] Reported to have gained nine commendations during his five years of service, he was made redundant.[5]

Torop claims that in 1990 he was "reborn" as Vissarion (meaning "he who gives new life"), claiming to be a returned Jesus Christ. In his system this does not make him God, but instead the word of God.[5][7] His religious beliefs combines elements of the Russian Orthodox Church with Buddhism, apocalypticism, collectivism, and ecological values. Torop founded the Church of the Last Testament in Krasnoyarsk, Siberia in 1991 just before the fall of the USSR.[8] He predicted the imminent end of the world with only his followers being saved.[9]

His followers observe strict regulations, including abstaining from meat (veganism is compulsory), smoking, drinking alcohol, swearing and the use of money.[5][10][11] The aim of the group is to unite all religions on Earth.[12] He replaced Christmas with a feast day on his birthday (14 January) and claimed to possess an ability to heal cancer and AIDS with a touch from his hand.[9] The calendar runs from the day in 1961 of Vissarion's birth; the biggest feast day (August 18) originates from his first sermon in 1991.[5]

Tiberkul, the settlement in the Taiga, was established in 1994 on a territory of 2.5 square kilometres (620 acres), and expanded to several nearby villages, such as those of Petropavlovka and Cheremshanka, at ca. 56°37′N 96°12′E / 56.617°N 96.200°E / 56.617; 96.200. It has some four thousand inhabitants, following ecological principles. The central settlement, also called The Town and The Mountain, has a three-tiered structure: the Town itself (Abode of Dawn), the Heavenly Abode, and the Temple Peak. The churches and houses are built from wood by hand, most of the energy used originating from windmills or solar panels.[7]

Media coverage[edit]

Since 1992, biographer Vadim Redkin has published an annual volume detailing Vissarion's activities. Vissarion has attracted followers from Germany's esoteric subculture, and seven volumes of Vadim's account have been translated into German.[13]

In May 2012, the Vice YouTube channel released "Cult Leader Thinks He's Jesus (Documentary Exclusive)", containing a report by Rocco Castoro, a reporter for Vice in Petropavlovka, and his interview with Vissarion.[14] This was the first time Vissarion had granted an interview in three years.

In 2018, the Japanese show Hyper Hardboiled Gourmet Report[15] visited the City of the Sun, but did not interview the founder (Vissarion). They were able to interview multiple adherents, including children and a sub-founder.

2020 arrest[edit]

On 22 September 2020, Russian authorities arrested Vissarion on charges of running an illegal religious organisation, possible physical harm to others, and extortion. He was apprehended by the FSB and Russian police, and taken to Novosibirsk central district court, along with two aides, Vadim Redkin and Vladimir Vedernikov.[8][2]

Personal life[edit]

Torop repudiated his first wife and married a nineteen-year-old who had lived with him since she was a girl of seven. He has six children from the two marriages.[16]

Vissarion has a younger half-sister, Irina. Though he has a biological mother named Nadyezhda, Vissarion considers Mary, mother of Jesus, as his own mother.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Vissarion: Is this Russian cult leader a fraud?". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 24 January 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Walker, Shaun (22 September 2020). "Cult leader who claims to be reincarnation of Jesus arrested in Russia". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
  3. ^ a b Obscura, Atlas (16 July 2013). "Russian Cult May be The Largest Religious Reservation In The World". Slate. Retrieved 1 November 2013. combines elements of the Russian Orthodox Church with Buddhism, apocalypticism, collectivism, and ecological values. ... Vissarion has predicted the end of the world several times. He teaches reincarnation and civility and requires his adherents to live a life free from vices.
  4. ^ .https://www.nytimes.com/2021/10/24/world/europe/russia-church-repression-siberia.html?referringSource=articleShare
  5. ^ a b c d e Traynor, Ian (24 May 2002). "Jesus of Siberia". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 December 2020.
  6. ^ Сибирский Иисус Христос - бывший гаишник
  7. ^ a b Ward, Clarissa (24 June 2008). "Ex-Traffic Cop Says He's Jesus". ABC News. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  8. ^ a b "Sergei Torop: Russian religious sect leader arrested over allegations of harm". BBC News. 22 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  9. ^ a b Bennetts, Marc (23 September 2020). "Cult leader Vissarion held in armed Siberia helicopter raid". The Times. London. Retrieved 23 September 2020. (subscription required)
  10. ^ The Vissarion Cult in Russia - Lermanet, November 6, 2003
  11. ^ 'Reborn' Jesus Leads Vegans in Russia - Newser, August 29, 2009
  12. ^ "Cult Leader Thinks He's Jesus (Documentary Exclusive)". VICE News. 16 May 2012. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  13. ^ Vissarion
  14. ^ Cult Leader Thinks He’s Jesus
  15. ^ Hyper Hardboiled Gourmet Report, TV Tokyo, Season 1 Episode 3
  16. ^ Семён Максимов."Позови меня в даль светлую" или сказки дядюшки Виссариона//Миссионерское обозрение, № 3,4,6, 1998
  17. ^ Последний Завет. Т.1, СП-б, Фламинго, 1996, вопрос 24.

External links[edit]