Seussical

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Seussical
Seussical (logo).png
Logo
Music Stephen Flaherty
Lyrics Lynn Ahrens
Book

Lynn Ahrens
Stephen Flaherty

Eric Idle
Basis The stories of Dr. Seuss (mainly Horton Hears a Who!, Horton Hatches the Egg and "Miss Gertrude McFuzz")
Productions
2000 Boston tryout
2000 Broadway
2002 1st US Tour
2003 2nd US Tour
2007 Off-Broadway
2012 West End

Seussical is a musical by Lynn Ahrens and Stephen Flaherty based on the stories of Dr. Seuss (mainly Horton Hears a Who!, Horton Hatches the Egg and "Miss Gertrude McFuzz") that debuted on Broadway in 2000. The play's story is a complex amalgamation of many of Seuss's most famous books. After a Broadway run, the production spawned two US national tours and a UK tour. It has become a beloved classic for schools, communities, and regional theatres.[1]

Productions[edit]

Pre-Broadway[edit]

In a reading in New York City, Eric Idle played the Cat in the Hat, and was credited at the time for contributions to the story line. In the Toronto workshop in 1999, coordinated by Livent Inc., Andrea Martin played the Cat in the Hat. Direction was by Frank Galati with choreography by Kathleen Marshall.[2] The musical had its out-of-town tryout in Boston, Massachusetts at the Colonial Theatre in September 2000.[3]

Broadway[edit]

Seussical opened on Broadway at the Richard Rodgers Theatre on November 30, 2000.[4] Directed by Frank Galati with choreography by Kathleen Marshall; though uncredited, Kathleen Marshall's brother Rob Marshall was hired to direct the show when it returned from Boston to Broadway. The original Broadway cast included David Shiner as the Cat in the Hat, Kevin Chamberlin as Horton, and Anthony Blair Hall and Andrew Keenan-Bolger (not in cast album) as Jojo. It also featured Janine LaManna as Gertrude McFuzz and Michele Pawk as Mayzie LaBird, with Stuart Zagnit as Mr. Mayor, Alice Playten as the Mrs. Mayor, Sharon Wilkins as the Sour Kangaroo and Eric Devine as General Genghis Kahn Schmitz. Throughout the run, there were many celebrity Cat in the Hat replacements, including Rosie O'Donnell[5] and Cathy Rigby.

The production received lukewarm reviews, with critics focusing on the huge cast of characters and unsympathetic plotlines.[6] The Broadway production closed on May 20, 2001, after 198 performances and 34 previews.[4]

US Tours[edit]

Following the Broadway production, there were two US National tours. The first, in 2002–03, starred Cathy Rigby, and the second toured in 2003–04.[7][8]

The script for the first tour was extensively reworked after the show's poor showing on Broadway. This resulted in the removal or reworking of several songs. The biggest change involves Jojo, who is initially an anonymous boy who thinks up The Cat in the Hat when he finds a strange hat at center stage. The Cat helps the boy create the Seussian universe and the rest of the story. The Cat later shoves the boy into the story, making him play the role of Jojo. There is also additional dialogue, as well as the deletion of some songs and their reprises.

This version of the show is the one currently licensed by Music Theatre International (MTI) as 'Seussical the Musical', where it has enjoyed some success in regional and children's theater companies.

Off-Broadway[edit]

A 90-minute Off-Broadway production was staged at the Lucille Lortel Theatre from July 19, 2007 through August 17, 2007 by Theatreworks USA, directed and choreographed by Marcia Milgrom Dodge and starring Shorey Walker as The Cat in the Hat.[9][10] This production was downscaled for the National Tour, which took its final bow in Spring 2014. The 14th National Tour closing cast included: Tommy McKiernan (The Cat in the Hat), Jeremiah Haley (Horton the Elephant), April Lavalle (Gertrude McFuzz), Josh Boscarino (Jojo), Ashley Stults (Mayzie La Bird), Charnette Batey (Sour Kangaroo/Young Kangaroo), Raye Lederman (Bird Girl #1/Mrs. Mayor), Emma Wagner (Bird Girl #2), Sammy Lopez (Wickersham #1/Mr. Mayor), Brody Karn (Wickersham #2), Corey Loftus and Greg Laucella (replacement Wickershams).

West End (London)[edit]

Seussical opened on the West End at the Arts Theatre on December 4, 2012, by Sell a Door Theatre Company based in Greenwich, London.[11] Produced by David Hutchinson and Phillip Rowntree and directed by Phillip Rowntree, designed by Richard Evans, lighting by Alexander Ridgers with choreography by Cressida Carrè.

"Seussical" once again returned to the Arts Theatre in the Christmas of 2013, produced for the second time by Sell A Door Theatre Company.[12]

One-Act Versions[edit]

In 2004, Jeff Church, Artistic Director of the Coterie Theatre in Kansas City, with the permission of the original playwrights, reworked Seussical, creating the Theatre for Young America (TYA) version. This version of the show contains significant changes, including reducing the cast to 12 actors and focusing the action of the plot on Horton.[13]

Another one-act version of the show, Seussical Jr. has also been created as part of the MTI "Jr." series, being adapted from the full-length Broadway version to make it shorter and more accessible for younger actors.. It is designed for performances by junior high or middle school students. It has an average run time of 60 minutes.[14]

Contributing Dr. Seuss books[edit]

The overarching plot of the show mirrors that of Horton Hears a Who!, centering on Horton the Elephant's endeavors to protect the people of Who-ville, who live on a tiny speck of dust. It also features characters and scenarios from many other Seuss books, including the Butter Side Uppers/Downers from The Butter Battle Book, Gertrude McFuzz, and, in addition to a music number based on its original story, The Cat in the Hat also acts as "your host and MC" – acting variously as a narrator, an outside observer, and a devil's advocate throughout the show, and briefly leaping into the action on several occasions to create conflict and keep the story moving. In all, the following Seuss books have some minor characters and/or settings incorporated into the show:

Due to the elimination of songs such as "The Military", "Havin' A Hunch" and "Message from The Front" and phrases and sections of other songs, Seussical, Jr. only uses the books:

  1. Horton Hears a Who!
  2. Did I Ever Tell You How Lucky You Are?
  3. One Fish Two Fish Red Fish Blue Fish
  4. The Cat in the Hat
  5. Dr. Seuss's ABC
  6. If I Ran the Circus
  7. McElligot's Pool
  8. Green Eggs and Ham
  9. Yertle the Turtle and Other Stories
  10. Horton Hatches the Egg
  11. I Had Trouble in Getting to Solla Sollew
  12. Oh, the Thinks You Can Think!

More info on the cut songs are below.

Plot[edit]

This synopsis describes the tour version of the show, currently being licensed as 'Seussical the Musical' by MTI.

Act I

As the story begins, there is nothing but a bare stage with an odd red-and-white striped hat in the center. A small boy discovers it and imagines who it could belong to, finally conjuring up the Cat in the Hat, who then creates the Seussian world around him and the Boy ("Oh, the Thinks You Can Think!").

At the Cat's encouragement, the Boy thinks up the Jungle of Nool, where Horton the Elephant is bathing when hears a strange noise coming from a speck of dust; he decides there must be a person on the speck. He rescues the speck and places it on a clover ("Horton Hears a Who"), protecting it from harm. Led by the Sour Kangaroo, the other animals in the jungle mock him mercilessly, except for Gertude McFuzz, Horton's next door neighbor, who admires his compassion and begins to fall in love with him ("Biggest Blame Fool" / "Playoff"). Horton soon discovers the dust speck is in fact a planet inhabited with microscopic people called Whos. They introduce themselves and their community (such as their yearly Christmas pageant based on How the Grinch Stole Christmas) and explain their predicament. In addition to being unable to control where their dust speck flies, they are on the brink of war and all of their beautiful Truffula Trees from The Lorax have been cut down ("Here on Who"). Horton's resolve to protect the dust speck is strengthened.

At this point, the Cat in the Hat abruptly pushes the Boy from the beginning into the story; he becomes Jojo, the son of the Mayor of Whoville. As soon as he enters, he is roughly scolded by his parents: he has inadvertently been causing trouble at school by thinking (or rather, having Thinks), disrupting the class and horrifying the teachers. Jojo is sent to "take a bath and go to bed and think some normal Thinks instead". Jojo blames the Cat for getting him in trouble, telling him to leave; the Cat appears to comply at first, but then starts trying to persuade Jojo to "have a think in that tub" ("Oh, the Thinks You Can Think (Reprise)"). Jojo tries to tune out the Cat, but is eventually convinced to "think of water and fish", imagining the tub to be McElligot's Pool ("It's Possible") with fish swimming around him; in the process, he accidentally floods the Mayor's living room. The Mayor and his wife wonder what they should do about their son ("How To Raise a Child"). After receiving a brochure from the Cat, they decide to send him to military school, under the supervision and persuasion of General Genghis Kahn Schmitz, who is preparing to go to war with those who eat their bread butter side down ("The Military").

Meanwhile, Horton has been guarding the clover for "over a week", getting ridiculed by the Citizens of the Jungle; he resolves that no matter what others may say or do, he will continue to protect the clover. Meanwhile, Jojo is lying awake in bed, unable to sleep and feeling lonely. Horton calls for the Whos; Jojo responds. The two talk and befriend one another through their shared hopes, Thinks, and dreams ("Alone in the Universe"). Jojo goes to sleep, only to be woken up by the Cat in the Hat. The Cat asks him what should happen next, Jojo choosing Gertrude. Her feelings for Horton are stronger than ever, but she fears he doesn't notice her because her tail consists only of "one droopy-droop feather" ("The One Feather Tail of Miss Gertrude McFuzz"). At the advice of Mayzie La Bird, whose tail is enormous and dazzling, Gertrude, goes to Doctor Dake by the Lake (played by the Cat), who prescribes her pills to make her tail grow ("Amayzing Mayzie/Amayzing Gertrude"). Gertrude is so excited by the dramatic and immediate results of the pills that she takes too many of the pills, causing her tail to grow to a ridiculous length.

Horton is ambushed by a group of ne'er-do-well monkeys called the Wickersham Brothers ("Monkey Around") who steal the clover and run off with it. Horton gives chase, until the monkeys give the clover to a black-bottomed eagle named Vlad Vladikoff. Horton continues to chase the clover, until Vlad Vladikoff drops it into a large patch of identical clovers, 'one hundred miles wide' ("Chasing the Whos"). The Cat in the Hat abruptly freezes the action and delivers an ironically cheery tune to the audience ("How Lucky You Are"). Horton begins to search for the clover, hoping that the Whos are still alive, when Gertrude, who has followed Horton all this distance, catches up with him, her tail is now gorgeous, if impractically large. She tries to catch his attention, but he is too busy looking for the Whos to notice her ("Notice Me, Horton"). She retreats to take more pills while he continues searching. After searching 2,999,999 clovers, Horton loses hope, and he sees Mayzie La Bird high in a nest. She sings that she was "down in Fort Worth", when she met a nightingale named Tweet McFirth. After 'three weeks of bliss', Tweet left her with an egg. Mayzie then persuades Horton to give up on the search for the Whos and sit on her egg while she goes off for a vacation. Horton reluctantly agrees, and Mayzie flies off ("How Lucky You Are (Mayzie's Reprise)"). Horton waits on the egg for months, bearing harsh weather conditions and having to decide whether to keep Mayzie's promise or find the Whos ("Horton Sits On The Egg"). Horton is then captured by hunters; Gertrude tries to save Horton, but the size and weight of her new tail does not allow her to fly. The Cat in the Hat, backed by the full company, sings another reprise of "How Lucky You Are" to finish off Act I.

Intermission: The Cat in the Hat conducts the orchestra.

Act II

Horton is transported to New York City and auctioned off to the Circus McGurkus (If I Ran the Circus) ("Egg, Nest, and Tree"). After going on the road and "sitting on the egg for 51 weeks, sitting here while people have paid to take peeks," Horton encounters Mayzie again, who has come to visit the circus while on vacation. Horton tries to give the egg back to her; she insists that he keep it as a rather dubious gift, wishes him good luck when it hatches, and leaves. Horton, betrayed and alone, sorrowfully remembers how no matter how hard he tried, he couldn't save the Whos, or poor Jojo. Realizing that the egg also is alone without its mother, and he is the only one who can help it, with a brave determination, Horton declares that he'll do better than try, vowing to protect the little egg with everything he has ("Alone in the Universe (Reprise)"). Then he sings the egg a lullaby about a magical world called Solla Sollew. At the same time, Jojo, the Mayor, and the Mayor's Wife, lost in the clover field, reflect on recent events, wishing they could be in Solla Sollew as well ("Solla Sollew").

The Battle of Butter finally commences, but Jojo rebels against General Schmitz and abandons the army. He hands in his sword and hat and unwittingly runs out onto a minefield, vanishing in an explosion. The General assumes that Jojo died in the explosion, and heads back to Whoville to deliver the sad news to his family. The Cat reveals to the audience that Jojo did, in fact, survive, but Jojo quickly discovers that he's lost, and doesn't know where to turn. After being confronted by the Cat and the Hunches (Hunches in Bunches), Jojo finds his way home by the power of his Thinks ("Havin' a Hunch").

Meanwhile, Gertrude sneaks into the circus where Horton is kept at night and frees him. She explains the troubles she went through to reach him, including getting all but one of her tail feathers plucked out to allow her to fly, confessing her love for him and revealing that she had found his clover ("All For You"). Horton is delighted to find the Whos alive and well; however, the Sour Kangaroo suddenly appears and, with the Wickersham Brothers, kidnaps Horton. Horton is dragged back to the Jungle of Nool and put on trial for "talking to a speck, disturbing the peace, and loitering on an egg." The Cat plays the bailiff, with Judge Yertle the Turtle presides over the case. Gertrude and Horton make a stand at the case, but the final verdict is obvious from the beginning - Horton is remanded to the "Nool Asylum for the Criminally Insane," and the clover is to be boiled in a kettle of beezlenut oil. Horton, aghast, encourages the Whos to make as much noise as they can to prove they exist to the other characters. Their efforts initially seem futile, until Jojo comes up with a new word, "YOPP," his shouting of which reverberates throughout the world and finally makes the Whos heard ("The People Versus Horton the Elephant"). The court acquits Horton, and the Sour Kangaroo resolves to also help protect the clover. On Who, Jojo is celebrated for his achievement, being honored as Thinker Non-Stop.

Suddenly, the egg hatches; to everyone's surprise, a tiny flying Elephant-Bird comes out. Horton panics, realizing he can't handle flying progeny, being an elephant incapable of flight, and asks Gertrude what he should do. She reassures him that he will do fine and that she will help him - that Horton will "teach him earth, and (she) will teach him sky." They agree to raise the child together as mother and father. The Cat in the Hat appears one final time to sum things up ("Oh, the Thinks You Can Think! (Finale)"). The scene dissolves, leaving only Jojo, now just a boy again, and the Cat. The Boy walks up to the Cat and pulls his hat over his head, saying, "Seuss!", inducing a blackout.

The curtain call is accompanied by a final number set to a verse of Green Eggs and Ham.

Songs[edit]

* = Lyrics by Lynn Ahrens and Dr. Seuss
** = Not present in current full version
*** = Not present in original Broadway version

^ = Not on Cast Recording

Songs in Seussical Jr.[edit]

Instrumentation[edit]

The licensed orchestration for Seussical stays true to the original Broadway production's seventeen musicians. The instrumentation calls for two keyboards, bass guitar, two guitars, drums, percussion, three woodwind players, two trumpets, trombone, two violins, viola, and cello. Both guitarists are called to play both acoustic and electric guitars, and the second part doubles on banjo. The first woodwind part doubles on piccolo, flute, clarinet, and soprano and alto sax; the second part doubles on oboe, clarinet, bass clarinet, and tenor sax; the third part doubles on flute, clarinet, bassoon, and baritone sax.

Characters[edit]

Major[edit]

  • The Cat in the Hat – The main character who is the mischievous, imaginative, comedic narrator of the show. The Cat acts as a mentor to Jojo throughout the play. The Cat also plays several other characters in the story, including the Bailiff in "The People vs. Horton The Elephant," Mr. McGurkus, Jose the Pool Boy in "Mayzie in Palm Beach," Doctor Dake in "Amazing Gertrude," a piano player imitating Louie Armstrong, an auctioneer, and others. Some productions have The Cat also play Yertle the Turtle, Vlad Vladikoff, and in Jr. productions, The Grinch. The Cat often breaks the fourth wall for comedic effect. The script allows for the Cat to be played by either a girl or a boy, with only minor script changes which are detailed in the back of librettos. David Shiner originated the role.
  • The Boy/JoJo – A thinker, the child of The Mayor and Mrs. Mayor, gets into trouble for thinking. He and Horton bond over the fact that they are outcasts because of what they do (Horton protecting the Whos and Jojo's "thinks"). He is appreciated in the end. Originally played by Anthony Blair Hall & Andrew Keenan-Bolger.
  • Horton the Elephant – While the Cat gets top billing, Horton is the heart and soul of Seussical. He is described as a thinker and an outsider, almost a blue-collar worker. He tries to protect the Whos and tries to care for the egg Mayzie leaves behind even though the animals think he is crazy. At the conclusion of the musical, he and Gertrude become the parents of the baby elephant-bird. Kevin Chamberlin originated the role.
  • Gertrude McFuzz – The loyal bird-neighbor of Horton, she loves him but is shy and insecure due to having only one feather for a tail. She seeks help regarding her tail from Mayzie La Bird, because she has a tail Gertrude envies. Gertrude changes throughout the show from being nervous and self-conscious regarding her imperfect tail, to focusing instead on accepting who she is and trying to help Horton. Horton eventually falls for her and she becomes the adoptive mother of the baby elephant bird.
  • Mayzie LaBird – A fabulous, vivacious, self-centered, selfish and vain bird who tells Gertrude to take pills so her tail will grow longer. Mayzie never admits her flaws and is manipulative with Horton so that she can escape her responsibilities. She is the mother of the elephant-bird Horton and Gertrude adopt but she abandons him and goes to Palm Beach.

Supporting[edit]

  • Sour Kangaroo – A rude kangaroo who teases Horton and calls him the "biggest blame fool in the jungle of Nool" because he tries to protect the Whos. Later, she has him arrested and put on trial for protecting the Whos and for caring for Mayzie's egg after she abandons it. At the end of the show, she realizes that the Whos are real and she offers to help Horton protect them.
  • Mr. Mayor - The newly elected Mayor of the Who's, JoJo's father.
  • The Wickersham Brothers – Three mischievous monkeys who steal Horton's clover from him. They work as henchmen for the Sour Kangaroo.
  • The Bird Girls - The Bird Girls are Mayzie's friends. They act as a Greek chorus, being the narrators when the Cat in the Hat is not around. They appear in most of the scenes with Gertrude and Mayzie, acting as a sort of backup performing group.
  • Mrs. Mayor - The Mayor's wife and JoJo's mother.
  • General Genghis Kahn Schmitz – The general of the Whos' military. He leads JoJo to war against the Butter-Side-Downers. (He is removed in the Jr. version of the play.)
  • The Young Kangaroo (Roo) – The Young Kangaroo can be played by a puppet attached to the Sour Kangaroo's costume or a person. Does everything Sour Kangaroo does.
  • The Grinch - The Grinch is a notable member of Whoville, known for organizing their Christmas pageant.
  • The Elephant Bird - Usually played by a small child actor, the elephant bird is revealed in the finale as a cute and whimsical mix of dramatic Mayzie and humble Horton.
  • Yertle the Turtle - Yertle is the judge of the jungle, appearing at the beginning of the show and in "People vs Horton the Elephant"
  • Vlad Vladikoff - A cameo role. He is hired by the Sour Kangaroo to steal Horton's clover. Due to his cameo role, he may also be in the ensemble.
  • The Hunters - They hunt and capture Horton the Elephant. They take him to New York City and auction him to the Man from the Circus. The Hunters usually go up to 2-6 Hunters.

Ensemble[edit]

  • The Whos - Citizens of Whoville. (Typically one of the main ensemble)
  • The Who Kids- Not in very many scenes, only appear in "Here on who".
  • Cadets- Schmitz soldiers, always with Schmitz.
  • Hunters- Not in very many scenes, They capture Horton and take him to auction.
  • The Jungle Creatures - Purple animals who appear as dancers and singers in jungle scenes.( Typically one of the main ensemble)
  • Hunches - These are representations of Jojo's thoughts, and are controlled by the Cat in the Hat. They are also in "Having a Hunch".
  • Circus Mcgurkus- Not none as animals but more as creatures, Drum Tummies(3), Horn Tooting Apes(2), Wiley Wasso(1), Smeelock(1), The Uffles(4), Boxing Gox(2), Sharp Shooter(1). They all have their own acts, They are in "How Lucky You Are, Horton Reprise". And in "Sola Solew".
  • Fish - They are JoJo's "Thinks" in "It's Possible". They are in "Mcgelligots pool". Ballet dancers holding poles with fish on them.(Typically One of the main ensemble)

Unseen[edit]

  • Tweet McFirth - He is a Night Owl that is referred to by Mayzie in "How Lucky You Are". According to Mayzie she met him at Fort Worth where they had "three weeks of bliss" and then left her after she had an egg. He is also the biological father of the Elephant Bird.
  • Mrs. Mackle-Who - She is one of JoJo's teachers that is referred to by the Mayor and according to the Mayor JoJo made her "drop her new glasses."

Played by The Cat in the Hat[edit]

  • The Bailiff
  • Mr. McGurkus
  • Jose the Pool Boy
  • Doctor Dake
  • Louie Armstrong/Piano Player
  • Vlad Vladikoff

The Lorax sequence[edit]

An extensive 10-minute sequence adapting The Lorax was seen in the original script for Seussical. It faced numerous difficulties due to the already lengthy running time of the show, being cut to 5 minutes before being replaced with a reprise of "Solla Sollew" before being removed entirely after its Boston tryout. Lorax-themed lyrics were added to the end of Here on Who as a replacement, though these lyrics would later be cut from the Jr. version. This sequence being cut also seems to explain why the second act is substantially shorter than the first.

While much of Seussical was an amalgamation of several stories and books, this 10-minute sequence largely preserved the text of the original book and limited itself from crossing with the other characters. Before "Havin' a Hunch", JoJo would stumble upon a dark room in which a phone would be placed, the Cat leaving him. JoJo would pick up the phone, and a voice would sing the beginning of The Lorax. This would take JoJo to the shack of the Once-ler. The Once-ler would speak to Jojo in a croaky voice, before leaping from his hut and singing his song as choral voices echo behind him, the song being notably darker than the others. Numerous elements of the book appear (i.e. the Truffula Trees, barbaloots, humming fish, swammy-swans and the Lorax himself), gradually disappearing as the song goes on. The song ends with the Once-ler back in his hut, giving Jojo the last Truffula seed. The song's final lines, "No matter how small you are now... The future's in your hands..." were intended to give Jojo the courage he needs to later save all of Who-ville.

Recently, as of 2013, MTI has begun offering the sequence as an independent "mini-musical", advertising it on the back of Seussical librettos and scripts.

Seussical Jr. removals[edit]

The entire Military subplot was removed to make the story fit to children more, which resulted in the General Genghis Kahn Schmitz character being completely removed. Because of this, the songs "The Military", "Havin' A Hunch" and "Message from The Front" were also removed. In the song "Oh the thinks you can think", instead of General Genghis Kahn Schmitz saying "Think of a general crazy for war", the Wickershams say "Think of some monkeys with trouble in store."

Also, many songs were shortened or their reprises were cut. For example, the first version of "How Lucky You Are" is not there, but the reprise is credited as the full song. Also, "The People Versus Horton the Elephant" is split into two parts.

All of the Grinch scenes are removed. Due to this removal, the characters of Max the Dog and Cindy Lou Who are removed. However, the Grinch still plays a small role in the song "Here on Who." - having one line. Due to this minimal amount of time, some productions choose to have the Cat in the Hat play the Grinch in this song using a Santa hat and a mask.

Awards and honors[edit]

Original Broadway production[edit]

Year Award Category Nominee Result
2001 Tony Award Best Actor in a Musical Kevin Chamberlin Nominated
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Actor in a Musical Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical Janine LaManna Nominated
Outstanding Music Stephen Flaherty Nominated

Original Off-Broadway production[edit]

Year Award Category Nominee Result
2008 Lucille Lortel Award[15] Outstanding Revival Nominated
Outstanding Choreography Marcia Milgrom Dodge Nominated
Outstanding Costume Design Tracy Christensen Nominated
Drama League Award Outstanding Revival of a Musical Nominated

References[edit]

  1. ^ TIME magazine reported in its May 26, 2008 issue, p. 51, that this musical ranked as the second most frequently produced musical by U.S. high schools in 2007.
  2. ^ Jones, Kenneth and Lefkowitz, David. "Livent Hears a Who: Seussical Has Aug. 20–21 Workshops in Toronto" playbill.com, August 20, 1999, accessed December 2, 2016
  3. ^ Dezell, Maureen (September 22, 2000). "Bad Reviews May Have Helped 'Seussical'"Paid subscription required. Boston Globe. Boston, MA. Retrieved 2017-12-05 – via HighBeam. 
  4. ^ a b "Production Credits". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 2008-03-10. 
  5. ^ Hinckley, David. "Rosie's 'Seussical' Roars O'Donnell the cat's meow as her 4-week run opens"[permanent dead link] New York Daily News, January 17, 2001
  6. ^ "Seussical is a Charming Musical". TalkinBroadway.com. Retrieved 2008-03-10. 
  7. ^ "Rewritten and Ready, a New Touring Seussical Flies – Literally – Sept. 17 in Indy". Playbill. September 17, 2002. Retrieved 2008-03-10. 
  8. ^ "New Seussical Tour Launches Oct. 10 in a Town With a Name Worthy of Dr. Seuss: Yakima". Playbill. October 10, 2003. Retrieved 2008-03-10. 
  9. ^ Gans, Andrew (July 16, 2007). "Free 90-Minute Seussical Begins Run at the Lucille Lortel July 16". Playbill. Retrieved 2017-12-05. 
  10. ^ Greg Kalafatas (19 July 2007). "PHOTO CALL: Seussical Off-Broadway". Retrieved 25 November 2009. 
  11. ^ "The Stage". Newspaper. Retrieved 2012-10-01. 
  12. ^ "Seussical returns to Arts Theatre this Christmas". 4 Jun 2013. Retrieved 2017-12-05. 
  13. ^ Ahrens, Lynn (October 1, 2005). "There's Another Think There! the Rise and Fall ... and Rise of Seussical"Paid subscription required. American Theatre – via HighBeam. 
  14. ^ "Seussical JR". Music Theatre International. Retrieved 2017-12-05. 
  15. ^ Listing lortel.org, accessed July 25, 2010

External links[edit]