Severny Island ice cap

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Severny Island ice cap
NovayaZemlya.A2001222.0835.250m.jpg
Location Severny Island,
Novaya Zemlya,
Russian Federation
Coordinates 75°30′N 60°00′E / 75.500°N 60.000°E / 75.500; 60.000Coordinates: 75°30′N 60°00′E / 75.500°N 60.000°E / 75.500; 60.000
Area 20,500 km2 (7,920 sq mi)
Length 400 km (250 mi)
Width 50 km (30 mi)

Severny Island ice cap is an ice cap on Severny Island, northern island of the Novaya Zemlya archipelago in Russia. It covers 40% of Severny Island (which is the 30th largest island in the world) at total area of about 20,500 km2 (7,900 sq mi) which makes it the largest glacier by area in Europe (if counted as part of it) easily beating second ranking Austfonna at 8,105 km2 (3,129 sq mi) and third ranking Vatnajökull at 8,100 km2 (3,100 sq mi).

Glaciers[edit]

A number of glaciers flow from the inner ice cap to Severny Island's coastline.

View of Inostrantsev Glacier (Lednik Inostrantseva). West coast.
NASA picture of Rozhdestvensky (left), Novopashenny (middle) and Roze glaciers of the Nordenskiöld Glacier group. East coast.

West coast[edit]

The following glaciers have their terminus on the coast of the Barents Sea.

East coast[edit]

The following glaciers have their terminus on the coast of the Kara Sea.

Other glaciers[edit]

Nunataks[edit]

Gora Severny Nunatak is a nunatak located in the northern section of the long ice cap not far from the western coast of the island.[3] Further to the northeast there is another nunatak between the two outlets of the Bunge Glacier.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lednik Sredniy". Mapcarta. Retrieved 19 November 2016. 
  2. ^ AGU - Lednikovoye Glaciers, Novaya Zemlya 1999-2016 retreat
  3. ^ "Gora Severnyy Nunatak". Mapcarta. Retrieved 24 September 2016. 
  4. ^ J. J. Zeeberg, Climate and Glacial History of the Novaya Zemlya Archipelago, Russian Arctic. pp. 82-84