Sha'alvim

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Sha'alvim
שַׁעַלְבִים
SHAALBIM002.JPG
Sha'alvim is located in Israel
Sha'alvim
Sha'alvim
Coordinates: 31°52′7.32″N 34°59′6.71″E / 31.8687000°N 34.9851972°E / 31.8687000; 34.9851972Coordinates: 31°52′7.32″N 34°59′6.71″E / 31.8687000°N 34.9851972°E / 31.8687000; 34.9851972
District Central
Council Gezer
Affiliation Poalei Agudat Yisrael
Founded 13 August 1951
Founded by Nahal
Population (2015)[1] 1,764

Sha'alvim (Hebrew: שַׁעַלְבִים‎) is a religious kibbutz in central Israel and one of only two affiliated with Poalei Agudat Yisrael (Hafetz Haim being the other). Located near the city of Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'ut, it falls under the jurisdiction of Gezer Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 1,764.[1]

History[edit]

The kibbutz was founded on 13 August 1951 by a Nahal group from the Ezra movement, on lands of the depopulated Arab village of Salbit. It was named after a biblical location mentioned in Joshua.[2] Judges,[3] and Kings.[4] The hill between the kibbutz and Nof Ayalon is commonly known as Tel Sha'alvim. Until the Six-Day War it was a target of numerous attacks from the West Bank due to its proximity to the Green Line. According to a document captured from the Jordanian Arab Legion, the legion was planning to attack the village and massacre all its residents.[5]

In 1961, a yeshiva, Yeshivat Sha'alvim, was founded in Sha'alvim, and later became a large regional religious education facility.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Joshua 19:42
  3. ^ Judges 1:35
  4. ^ 1 Kings 4:9
  5. ^ HaReuveni, Immanuel (1999). Lexicon of the Land of Israel (in Hebrew). Miskal - Yedioth Ahronoth Books and Chemed Books. p. 922. ISBN 965-448-413-7.