Shallum of Israel

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Shallum
King of Israel
Reignone month's duration, between 752 and 745 BC
PredecessorZechariah of Israel
SuccessorMenahem

Shallum of Israel (Hebrew: שַׁלּ֤וּםŠallūm, "retribution", fl. mid-8th century BC), was the king of the ancient Kingdom of Israel, and the son of Jabesh.

In the Bible[edit]

Originally a captain in the army of King Zechariah, Shallum "conspired against Zechariah, and smote him before the people; and slew him, and reigned in his stead" (2 Kings 15:10). He reigned only "a month of days in Samaria" (2 Kings 15:13) before Menahem—another captain from Zechariah's army—rose up and put Shallum to death (2 Kings 15:14–17). Menahem then became king in Shallum's stead.

History[edit]

William F. Albright has dated his reign to 745 BC, while Hooker says 747.[1] E.R. Thiele offers the date 752 BC.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hooker, Paul K. “Chronology of the OT.” In Sakenfeld, Katherine, gen. ed. The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible. Nashville: Abingdon, 2006-09. 5 vols. 1.636-42. See 1.640.
  2. ^ Edwin Thiele, The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings, (1st ed.; New York: Macmillan, 1951; 2d ed.; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1965; 3rd ed.; Grand Rapids: Zondervan/Kregel, 1983). ISBN 0-8254-3825-X, 9780825438257
Shallum of Israel
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Zachariah
King of Israel
752 BC
Succeeded by
Menahem