|Secretary General of the Liberal Democratic Party|
|Prime Minister||Shinzō Abe|
|Preceded by||Kosuke Hori|
|Minister of Defence|
26 September 2007 – 1 August 2008
|Prime Minister||Yasuo Fukuda|
|Preceded by||Masahiko Kōmura|
|Succeeded by||Yoshimasa Hayashi|
4 February 1957 |
|Alma mater||Keio University|
Shigeru Ishiba (石破 茂 Ishiba Shigeru?, born 4 February 1957) is a Japanese politician. Ishiba is a member of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and of Heisei-Kenkyukai (part of the party faction led by Fukushiro Nukaga) until 2011. He was Minister of Defense from 2007 to 2008 and was also Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. The LDP lost government in 2009, and in 2012 after challenging for the presidency of the LDP and losing to Shinzō Abe he accepted the position of Secretary-General of the LDP on 27 September 2012.
Ishiba was appointed as the Minister of Defense to the cabinet of Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda on 26 September 2007, serving in that post until 1 August 2008. Ishiba was the second person in the cabinet of Fukuda to express belief in the existence of UFOs after Nobutaka Machimura. To that end he appeared on a Japanese TV program which featured dubbed extracts from the National Geographic Channel's Alien Invasion series in June 2012.
Following Fukuda's resignation, Ishiba stood as a candidate for the LDP presidency. In the leadership election, held on 22 September 2008, Taro Aso won with 351 of the 527 votes; Ishiba placed fifth and last with 25 votes. In Aso's Cabinet, appointed on 24 September 2008, Ishiba was named as Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
In 2012, while the LDP was still in opposition, Ishiba again stood for the presidency of the LDP and was narrowly defeated by Shinzō Abe. He accepted the position of secretary general on 27 September 2012. Abe re-appointed him to the position after the December 2012 election in which the LDP returned to government.
He attracted considerable criticism for his statement in November 2013 that likened peaceful public protests against the new secrecy bill being introduced by his government to "acts of terrorism". He later withdrew the comment.
In spite of having been a vocal critic of factionalism in the LDP, Ishiba launched his own faction, the Suigetsukai, on September 28, 2015, with the aim of succeeding sitting prime minister, Shinzo Abe. However, with 19 members, excluding Ishiba, it was one member short of the 20 votes required for nomination for LDP leadership. 
Interest in military issues
Ishiba is known as a "gunji otaku" (military geek) and has a keen interest in military matters. He is known for having a lot of expertise related to weapons systems, legal issues about defense and is also fond of building and painting models of aircraft and ships.
Ishiba has repeatedly stated that he believes that Japan needs its own equivalent of the United States Marine Corps to be able to defend its many small islands, in 2010 when he was policy chief for the LDP in opposition, and as secretary-general of the party in March 2013 after the LDP regained government.
I don't think Japan needs to possess nuclear weapons, but it's important to maintain our commercial reactors because it would allow us to produce a nuclear warhead in a short amount of time ... It's a tacit nuclear deterrent
Ishiba and United States Donald Rumsfeld, 15 November 2003.
Ishiba and United States Robert Gates, 8 November 2007.
- "Fukuda Cabinet launched / Changes minimized to reduce impact on Diet business", The Yomiuri Shimbun, 26 September 2007.
- Japan's defense minister braces for aliens, inquirer.net, 20 December 2007
- "Aso elected LDP head", The Yomiuri Shimbun, 22 September 2008.
- "Aso elected premier / Announces Cabinet lineup himself; poll likely on Nov. 2", The Yomiuri Shimbun, 25 September 2008.
- [The Japan Times] Ishiba to be LDP's new secretary general 28 September 2012
- Wall Street Journal Japan's Abe Appoints Ex-Rival as His No. 2 December 25, 2012
- Japan Times Secrecy law protests ‘act of terrorism’: LDP secretary-general December 1, 2013
- Japan Times Ishiba softens criticism of bill protesters December 2, 2013
- Nikkei Asian ReviewSenior LDP member Ishiba forms faction, aiming to succeed Abe September 28, 2015
- "Abe’s reshuffle promotes right-wingers" (Korea Joongang Daily - 2014/09/05)
- [The Japan Times] LDP off the policy autopilot: Ishiba 8 October 2009
- [The Japan Times] 'Military geek' Ishiba returns to friendly territory 27 September 2007
- Japan Times Japan needs own marines: LDP’s Ishiba May 25, 2010
- NHK website Ishiba urges creation of Japanese marine corps March 26, 2013
- Chester Dawson (28 October 2011). "In Japan, Provocative Case for Staying Nuclear". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
|House of Representatives of Japan|
|New district||Representative for Tottori 1st district
|Representative for Tottori At-large district
Served alongside: Kōzō Hirabayashi, Kōken Nosaka, Hideyuki Aizawa, Bun Takebe
|Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan
2008 - 2009
|Minister of Defence of Japan
|Director General of Japan Defense Agency
|Party political offices|
|Secretary-General of the Liberal Democratic Party
|Policy Affairs Research Council Chairman of the Liberal Democratic Party