Shorty (crater)

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Shorty
Shorty crater location AS17-151-23251.jpg
Location of Shorty crater in Taurus-Littrow Valley. South Massif is at lower left, North Massif is at top center, and Sculptured Hills are at upper right. Scale bar is 5 km
Coordinates 20°13′N 30°38′E / 20.22°N 30.63°E / 20.22; 30.63Coordinates: 20°13′N 30°38′E / 20.22°N 30.63°E / 20.22; 30.63
Diameter 110 m[1]
Depth 14 m
Eponym Astronaut-named feature

Shorty is a feature on Earth's Moon, a likely volcanic crater in the Taurus-Littrow valley.[2] Astronauts Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt visited it in 1972, on the Apollo 17 mission.[2] It is the location of the famous "orange soil".[2] It is about 110 meters (120 yards) in diameter and up to 14 m (15 yd) deep.[3]

"Shorty Crater is about 14 m deep. Based on our investigations at the site and later examination of photographs, the impact that formed it penetrated, in order, regolith on the avalanche deposit, the avalanche deposit, regolith on a basalt flow, a basalt flow overlying and protecting the orange and black glass layers, the orange and black glass layers, regolith on a second basalt flow, and, finally, the upper portion of that second flow. Orange and black glass clods and basalt boulders are spread throughout the ejecta blanket surrounding Shorty."

— Apollo 17 Lunar Module Pilot Harrison Schmitt as quoted by LROC[3]

To the east of Shorty are Victory, Camelot, and the Apollo 17 landing site. To the southeast is Brontë. To the southwest are Lara and Nansen.

The crater was named after the character "Shorty" in Richard Brautigan's "Trout Fishing in America", as well as to honor the genre of the short story with particular reference to J. D. Salinger.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shorty, Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature, International Astronomical Union (IAU) Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature (WGPSN)
  2. ^ a b c APOD - June 24, 2012
  3. ^ a b c LROC - Just Another Crater?
  4. ^ The Valley of Taurus-Littrow, Apollo 17 Lunar Surface Journal, Corrected Transcript and Commentary Copyright 1995 by Eric M. Jones

External links[edit]