Săliște

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This article is about the Romanian town in Sibiu County. For other uses, see Săliște (disambiguation).
"Szelistye" redirects here. For Săliște village, Hunedoara County, called Szelistye in Hungarian, see Băița, Hunedoara.
"Vále" redirects here. It is not to be confused with Vale (disambiguation).
Săliște
Town
The City Hall
The City Hall
Coat of arms of Săliște
Coat of arms
Location of Sălişte
Location of Sălişte
Săliște is located in Romania
Săliște
Săliște
Location of Sălişte
Coordinates: 45°47′39″N 23°53′11″E / 45.79417°N 23.88639°E / 45.79417; 23.88639Coordinates: 45°47′39″N 23°53′11″E / 45.79417°N 23.88639°E / 45.79417; 23.88639
Country  Romania
County Sibiu County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Horațiu-Dumitru Răcuciu (National Liberal Party)
Area
 • Total 226.78 km2 (87.56 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 5,040
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.saliste-sibiu.ro/

Săliște (German: Großendorf or Selischte; Hungarian: Szelistye) is a town in Sibiu County in the centre of Romania, 21 km west of the county capital, Sibiu, the main locality in the Mărginimea Sibiului area.

Geography[edit]

The town is situated at the edge of the Cindrel Mountains, on a series of river valleys which flow into the Cibin River in the South part of the Transylvanian Plateau. The main town of Săliște has a population of 2,830; it also administers nine villages:

  • Aciliu (Hungarian: Ecsellő; German: Tetschein) - (268 inhabitants), 8 km away
  • Amnaș (Hungarian: Omlás; German: Hamlesch) - (369 inhabitants), 9 km away; Saxon fortified church
  • Crinț (Hungarian: Krinc) (2 permanent inhabitants - military base), 18 km away
  • Fântânele (also known as Cacova Sibiului; Hungarian: Szebenkákova; German: Krebsbach bei Hermannstadt) - 251 inhabitants, 6 km away
  • Galeș (Hungarian: Szebengálos; German: Gallusdorf) - 331 inhabitants, 2 km away
  • Mag (Hungarian: Mág) (439 inhabitants), 9 km away
  • Săcel (Hungarian: Szecsel; German: Schwarzwasser) (520 inhabitants), 4 km away
  • Sibiel (Hungarian: Szibiel; German: Budenbach) - 402 inhabitants, 6 km away
  • Vale (Hungarian: Vále; German: Grabendorf) - 384 inhabitants, 2 km away

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
2002 6,092 —    
2011 5,040 −17.3%
Source: Census data

Originally all the localities, except the village of Amnaș, were inhabited by Romanians. As of 2011, 95.7% of inhabitants were Romanians, 3.3% Roma and 0.6% Germans.

Most Romanians are Orthodox and the Germans still living in Amnaș are Lutheran Evangelical. There are also some small Protestant Churches.

Economy[edit]

Traditionally the main occupation was shepherding and related activities. Today this occupies a smaller percentage of the workforce, but remains important alongside other agricultural activities. Light industry was developed in the recent period and there are some textile workshops. Commerce and services are also an important activity. The area around Aciliu and Amnaș is well suited for wines and around Mag and Săcel there are a series of artificial lakes for fish farming.

History[edit]

The area was inhabited for a very long time, and on a hill between Sălişte and the nearby commune of Tilișca there are the ruins of an old Dacian citadel. The first document mentioning the town is from 1354 and refers, in Latin, to Magna Villa. Early names would be Nogfalu in Hungarian and Grossdorf in German. Later, in 1383 the village is known as Magna Villa Valachiealis (Big Village of the Vlachs), denoting its ethnically Romanian population. Still later, it was one of the villages in the Țara Almașului, an area sometimes ruled by Wallachian rulers.

Around 1485 it was included in one of the seven seats of Saxondom. In the late 18th century Săliște became an important village of the Romanian community and the most important cultural centre in the Mărginimea Sibiului area. In 1774 an important local revolt of the Romanian population took place; members of this community also participated in the revolution of 1848, the Transylvanian Memorandum movement and almost every important event in the National awakening of the Romanians in Transylvania.

Personalities[edit]

The most notable personalities born in Sălişte town are:

Image gallery[edit]

External links[edit]