Silky hairstreak

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Silky hairstreak
Pseudalmenus chlorinda.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Lycaenidae
Subfamily: Theclinae
Genus: Pseudalmenus
Druce, 1902
Species: P. chlorinda
Binomial name
Pseudalmenus chlorinda
Blanchard, 1848[1]

The silky hairstreak (Pseudalmenus chlorinda), also known as the chlorinda hairstreak, is a butterfly belonging to the family Lycaenidae. It occurs in Australia. It is the only species in the monotypic genus Pseudalmenus.[2]

Taxonomy[edit]

The silky hairstreak was first described by Emile Blanchard in 1848. Subspecies include:[3]

Description[edit]

Pseudalmenus chlorinda (ento-csiro-au).jpg

The adult silky hairstreak has a wingspan of 28 mm.[5] The male and female are similar, with the wings of the female slightly more rounded.[1] The wings are black or brown on top with yellow-orange patches. The lower wings have orange patches and black tails with white edges. The underside of the wings is yellow grey with black and orange markings. The eggs are pale green with a diameter about 1 mm.[1] They are usually laid in small groups on the twigs of a food plant.[1]

The caterpillars grow to a length of around 3 cm. They have a black head and a brown, red, black and yellow body.[1] The larvae of the silky hairstreak secrete substances that attract Anonychomyrma biconvexa ants.[6][7]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

It is found in south-eastern Australia including New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.[8] The species only occurs where the attendant ant species is found, and the larval food plant grows.[9]

The caterpillars feed on various Acacia species including the A. dealbata, A. decurrens, A. elata, A. mearnsii, A. melanoxylon, A. obtusata, A. pravissima, A. terminalis and the A. trachyphloia.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Pseudalmenus chlorinda". Australian-Insects. Retrieved 20 December 2009. 
  2. ^ "Pseudalmenus Druce, [1903]" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Pseudalmenus chlorinda". www.funet.fi. Retrieved 20 December 2009. 
  4. ^ "Threatened Fauna Manual for Production Forests in Tasmania - Tasmanian Hairstreak Butterfly" (PDF). Retrieved 5 November 2011. 
  5. ^ "Victorian (Silky) Hairstreak Butterfly". Museum Victoria. Retrieved 20 December 2009. 
  6. ^ "Species Pseudalmenus chlorinda". Australian Biological Resources Study. Retrieved 20 December 2009. 
  7. ^ "Lycaenid butterflies and ants". Australian Museum. Retrieved 20 December 2009. 
  8. ^ Kitching, Roger (1999). Roger Laurence Kitching, ed. Biology of Australian butterflies. CSIRO Publishing. ISBN 9780643050273. 
  9. ^ E D Edwards; J. Newland; Australian Biological Resources Study; L. Regan (0643067000, 9780643067004). Zoological Catalogue of Australia Volume 31.6: Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea, Papilionoidea. CSIRO Publishing.  Check date values in: |date= (help)

External links[edit]