Sillar is a variety of rhyolite, which is a type of volcanic rock. Although sillar is of rhyolitic composition, it has been erupted from volcanoes which mostly erupt andesite lava, and sillar contains small fragments of andesite. A pink variety of sillar owes its colour to crystals of hematite within the rock. A white variety lacks these hematite crystals. Sillar is found as pyroclastic flow deposits of tuff near volcanoes in southern Peru, for example the now-extinct Chachani volcano which erupted flows of sillar during the Pleistocene epoch.
Sillar has been used as a building stone in Peru. Many colonial buildings in the city of Arequipa are made of sillar, for example, the arches of the "Mirador of Yanahuara" in Arequipa, from which the entire city can be appreciated.
- Jenks, W.F and Goldich, S.S. (1956). "Rhyolitic Tuff Flows in Southern Peru". The Journal of Geology 64 (2): 156–172.
- Palladino D.M. et al. (2014) Bolsena, Latera and Vico calderas, central Italy, IAVCEI Field Guide Series 3, page 29
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