Sindh Public Service Commission

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Sindh Public Service Commission (SPSC)
سنڌ پبلڪ سروس ڪمیشن
Coat of arms of Sindh Province.svg
Established1926 (as British India Civil Service)
Composition methodExecutive selection (Qualifications imposed)
Number of positions1 Chairman + 9 Members
CurrentlyNoor Muhammad Jadmani
Since8 June 2014
Lead position endsIncumbent

The Sindh Public Service Commission (SPSC) is a provincial agency of government of Sindh in Pakistan that is responsible recruiting civil servants and bureaucrats in Government of Sindh.[1]

In the parliamentary democracy of Pakistan, the ultimate responsibility for running the administration rests with the elected representatives of the people which are the ministers. But the handful of ministers cannot be expected to deal personally with the manifold problems of modern administration. Thus the ministers lay down the policy and it is for the civil servants to carry out this policy. The Sindh province with 45 million population has over 50,000 public service employees including government.


The Public Service Commission was set up for the first time in British India in 1926. After independence, the commission was established in Pakistan in 1947 under the provision of Act 1935. At present, the commission is functioning under article 242 of the constitution of Pakistan. It has been provided autonomy under the Rules of Business, 1973 and FPSC Regulations, 1978 in its working. The commission has also been given administrative as well as, to some extent, financial autonomy to perform its functions independently.

The commission consists of a chairman and members. The chairman is appointed by the governor of Sindh, in his discretion, under Article 242 (lB) of the Constitution of Pakistan, 1973. The members are appointed by the Governor with the advice of Chief Minister. The commission is assisted by the secretary who provides a link among the commission, its secretariat and the government agencies.

Power and responsibilities[edit]

The commission has the power to select and appoint, based on performances in the Provincial Service Commission Exams, officers to various posts in various departments across the province of Sindh. They conduct written examinations followed by interviews.


  • To establish a competent, efficient, professional and responsive Public Service to meet the challenges of the twenty-first century.
  • To act without fear or favor ensuring functional independence, political neutrality, accountability and integrity.
  • To uphold standards, policies, guidelines and rules governing selection processes.
  • To develop and implement rule-based selection criteria and processes to ensure fair and equal-opportunity to all candidates.
  • To render advice to the Government, where necessary, on policies, methods of recruitment, selection criteria and processes, to ensure efficient selection process and to attract best possible human resource for various posts.

Reforms and corruption[edit]

As of 2014, in a duration of two three years over 213 cases are at different stages of investigation by Sindh Police against civil servants including political corruption.[2][3]

The SPSC is now a controversial body after the resignation of its chairman, Justice Agha Rafiq Ahmed Khan on 14 January 2015 due to immense pressure from the Sindh government to undermine merit . Also there are a number of corruption cases pending with the National Accountability Bureau against former chairmans Muhammad Hasan Bhutto and Syed Irshad Ali Shah .

In 2006, the Chief Minister Sindh, Arbab Ghulam Rahim opened an enquiry on Muhammad Hasan Bhutto and said that he had proof of nepotism, financial and administrative corruption against Bhutto who as chairman colluded with ill-reputed high officials, politicians and touts and tempered with recruitment record of the applicants for the posts of deputy district attorney.

He had also recommended the Sindh Governor under Public Service Commission Act and Constitution of Pakistan Article 105 to appoint a judge of the Sindh High Court to carry out through inquiry into the allegations levelled against Bhutto. He said that Bhutto in connivance with Controller of Examination Umer Zainor changed examination and interview records and thus played dirty with the fate of honest applicants.

It is also said that Irshad Ali Shah was involved in the controversy in which he had given his son extra marks as he had failed in the SPSC competitive examination.

The Hyderabad circuit bench of the Sindh High Court (SHC) has declared the Sindh Public Service Commission (SPSC) defunct. The bench — led by Justice Zulfiqar Ahmed Khan and Justice Muhammad Saleem Jessar — also ruled that “all tests, interviews, selection, appointments, tenders or any act doable under SPSC Act, 1989, or the rules are suspended forthwith”.


The highest-ranking official of the organisation is the chairman. He is an independent entity that is the ex-officio chief of the organisation. The individual is a retired civil servant, having at least 10 years experience as a 20th grade officer. The post of Chairman is considered to be one of the most influential positions in the whole province and is usually given to a BPS21/22 grade officer with an immaculate track record and performance reviews. Previously the position has also been given to retired judges of The High Court. The position holder is accountable for ensuring that the Civil Servants selected for serving the province are equipped with the skills and capability to meet the everyday challenges the province faces and that civil servants work in a fair and decent environment. The Chairman is followed by 9 members, at least half of which are retired civil servants.[4]

List of Chairman[edit]

Temporal Order Name of Chairman From To
1 Sir Hugh B Clynton

(Chairman, Sindh Bombay Public Service Commission)

1 April 1937 31 March1942
2 Sir J.A Madan

(Chairman, Sindh Bombay Public Service Commission)

1 April 1942 31 March 1947
3 Y.A Godbole

Chairman, Sindh Bombay Public Service Commission)

1 April 1947 1 August 1947
4 K.B. Muhammad Diam Siddiqui

Chairman, Sindh Bombay Public Service Commission)

1 August 1947 10 January 1948
5 Dr. H. B . Hingorani

(Chairman, Sindh and West Pakistan Public Service Commission)

11 January 1948 3 October 1956
6 Justice Feroze Nana Ghulam Ally

(Chairman, Sindh and Balochistan Public Service Commission)

24 December 1970 20 April 1972
7 G. D Memon

(Chairman, Sindh and Balochistan Public Service Commission)

2 May 1972 22 March 1974
8 G. M . Sheikh 21 May 1974 5 October 1977
9 Justice Kadir Nawaz Awan 6 October 1977 26 July 1978
10 Imdad Ali Agha 7 August 1978 6 August 1984
11 Justice(r) Ghulam Muhammed Korejo 12 August 1984 12 August 1989
12 Justice Mushtak Ali Kazi 3 December 1989 31 December 1992
13 Muhammad Rawal Varymani 21 February 1992 31 July 1994
14 Engineer Manzoor Ahmed Qureshi 1 August 1994 15 March 1996
15 Kazi Abdul Qadir 13 June 1996 29 January 1997
16 Justice Abdul Qadir Shaikh 1 February 1997 28 January 1998
17 M. M . Usmani 28 January 1998 27 January 2003
18 Muhammad Hasan Bhutto 28 March 2003 27 March 2008
19 Muhammad Javed Ashraf Hussain 28 March 2008 26 May 2008
20 S. N. Abbasi 27 May 2008 2 November 2010
21 Syed Irshad Ali Shah 1 January 2011 2 March 2014
22 Justice Dr Agha Rafiq Ahmed Khan 9 June 2014 15 January 2015
23 Muhammad Saleem Bhonur (De-Facto) 20 January 2015 November 2016
24 Mr. Noor Muhammad Jadmani 31 March 2017 incumbent
  • a: Acting

See also[edit]


External links[edit]