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An airburst round, airburst shell, air burst grenade, or smart grenade is a type of tactical anti-personnel explosive ammunition, typically a shell or grenade, that detonates in midair, causing air burst effect fragment damage to an enemy.
This makes it easier to hit enemy soldiers behind a wall, in a defensive fighting position, or in a confined space or room. It is used on many guns, from artillery to the hand-held XM25 Individual Airburst Weapon System (derived from the XM29 OICW). Unlike traditional grenades, such as the 40 mm grenade, smart grenades can be electronically programmed to explode after traveling a certain distance. A fire control computer or some other electronic sighting system is used to quickly program the electronic fuse with any distance, as conditions dictate.
List of airburst round platforms
- 20 mm grenade
- 25 mm grenade:
- 30 mm
- 35 mm
- 40 mm
- 84 mm
- "TASS: Military & Defense - Russia to develop anti-drone shrapnel ammunition".
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