Self-portrait of Solomon Hart, c. 1860
|Born||Solomon Alexander Hart
|Education||Royal Academy of Arts|
|Known for||Painting, drawing, engraving|
Solomon Alexander Hart (April 1806 – 11 June 1881) was a British painter and engraver. He was the first Jewish member of the Royal Academy in London and was probably the most important Jewish artist working in England in the 19th century.
He was born at Plymouth, the son of Samuel Hart (fl. 1785–1830), a Jewish engraver and teacher of Hebrew. He remained an observant Jew all his life. He served as an engraver's apprentice in London where he studied at the Royal Academy, and excelled in miniature painting. Hart became celebrated as a painter of historical scenes and characters, and in 1854 was appointed professor of Painting in the Royal Academy, and subsequently librarian.
- 'The Plot' Othello and Iago (1855)
- Temple of Jews at Shilo Hannah presenting infant to High Priest (1878) (sold on 16/3/1999 for £43,095 by Sotheby's New York)
- Flee Moham'mad Beg who accompanied horses presented by Ima'm of Muscat to King William IV (sold on 29/5/2000 for £29,000 by Eldreds Plymouth)
- [The Quarrel of] Wolsey and Buckingham (1834)
- Coeur de Lion and Saladin (1835)
- The Young Falconer (1835)
- Sir Thomas More receiving his Father's Blessing (1836)
- Henry I receiving News of the Shipwreck and Death of his Son (1840)
- Milton visiting Galileo in Prison (1847)
- The Feast of the Rejoicing of the Law at the Synagogue in Leghorn, Italy (1850)
- The Three Inventors of Printing (1852)
- Hop Picking (1852)
- Solomon pondering the Flight of Time (1853)
- Columbus (1854)
- Sacred Music (1860)
- Dilettanti (1861)
- Desdemona and Othello (1863)
- Benvenuto Cellini and Francis I (1864)
- The Eve of the Sabbath (1868)
- Portrait of Sir Moses Montefiore (1869)
- Oliver Cromwell and Menasseh Ben Israel (1873)
- Troy Weight (1874)
- A Reminiscene of Ravenna (1875)
- Dinner-Time at Penshurst in 1655 (1876)
- Reflection (1877)
- Perfidy (1878)
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Wood, James, ed. (1907). "article name needed". The Nuttall Encyclopædia. London and New York: Frederick Warne.
- "Obituary". Jewish Chronicle. 17 June 1881.
- Solomon Alexander Hart at the Royal Academy of Arts
- Roth, Cecil (1961). Jewish Art: An Illustrated History. McGraw-Hill.
- Salaman, Malcolm (2005). Shakespeare in Pictorial Art. Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 1-4179-7027-8.
- Van Voolen, Edward (2006). Jewish art and culture. Prestel.
- Cohen, Richard I. (1998). Jewish icons. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-20545-6.
- Ripley, George; Dana, Charles Anderson (1860). "The new American cyclopædia, ed. by G. Ripley and C.A. DanaThe new American cyclopædia, ed. by G. Ripley and C.A. Dana, American cyclopaedia". The New American Cyclopaedia. D. Appleton & Company. p. 743.
- Sandby, William (1862). The History of the Royal Academy of Arts from Its Foundation in 1768 to the Present Time. Longman.
- Valentine, Helen (2004). "Hart, Solomon Alexander (1806–1881)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press.
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