Solveig Gunbjørg Jacobsen

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Solveig Gunbjørg Jacobsen
Photograph showing Solveig Jacobsen standing (with her dog) in front of a whale on the Grytviken flensing plan, taken by Magistrate Edward Binnie in 1916
Born (1913-10-08)8 October 1913
Grytviken, South Georgia Island
Died 25 October 1996(1996-10-25) (aged 83)
Buenos Aires, Argentina[citation needed]
Nationality Norwegian
Known for First person born South of the Antarctic Convergence

Solveig Gunbjørg Jacobsen (8 October 1913 – 25 October 1996)[1] was the first person to be born south of the Antarctic Convergence, in Grytviken, South Georgia.[2][3]

Her father, Fridthjof Jacobsen (1874–1953), settled in South Georgia in 1904 to become assistant manager, and from 1914 to 1921 manager of the Grytviken whaling station.[2] Two of the children of Jacobsen and his wife Klara Olette Jacobsen were born on the island. Solveig's birth was registered by the resident British Stipendiary Magistrate of South Georgia, James Wilson.[2]

She died in Buenos Aires, Argentina, aged 83, and was buried in Molde, Norway.[1][3]


Jacobsen Valley in Vinson Massif, Antarctica is named after Solveig Gunbjørg Jacobsen.

First person born on Antarctica[edit]

Solveig Gunbjørg Jacobsen was the first person born South of the Antarctic Convergence, and South Georgia is usually classified as an Antarctic island for that reason. However, the Antarctic Treaty defines Antarctica as any territory located South of the 60th parallel, which excludes South Georgia. Under this definition, the first person born on Antarctica (and also on the Antarctic mainland) was Argentine citizen Emilio Palma, born at Esperanza Base in 1978.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Gravminner i Norge. DIS Norge. Retrieved on 7 November 2008. (Norwegian)
  2. ^ a b c Headland, Robert (1984). The Island of South Georgia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521424745. 
  3. ^ a b Russell, Jesse; Cohen, Ronald (2012). Solveig Gunbjørg Jacobsen. Miami: Book on Demand. ISBN 9785511345772.