Sospeter Muhongo

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Hon. Professor

Sospeter Muhongo

Sospeter Muhongo IAEA.png
Minister of Energy and Minerals
Assumed office
12 December 2015
PresidentJohn Magufuli
Preceded byGeorge Simbachawene
In office
7 May 2012 – 24 January 2015
PresidentJakaya Kikwete
Preceded byWilliam Ngeleja
Succeeded byGeorge Simbachawene
Member of Parliament
Musoma Rural
Assumed office
November 2015
Member of Parliament
In office
12 June 2012 – July 2015
Appointed byJakaya Kikwete
ConstituencyNone (Nominated MP)
Personal details
Born (1954-06-25) 25 June 1954 (age 65)
Musoma, Tanganyika
Political partyCCM
Spouse(s)Bertha Mamuya
Alma materUDSM (BSc (Hons))
University of Göttingen (MSc)
TU Berlin (Dr.rer.nat.)
CommitteesChair, SPC1 of IYPE
PositionsPresident, GSAf (1995–2001)
Director, ICSU-Africa (2005–10)
AwardsRobert Shackleton Award
Palmes academiques Officier ribbon.svg Ordre des Palmes Académiques
1Science Programme Committee

Sospeter Mwijarubi Muhongo, FGSAf, FTWAS, FAAS, CGeol, EurGeol, MASSAf, FGIGE, MP (born 25 June 1954) is a Tanzanian geologist and a nominated member of the Tanzanian Parliament.[1][2]

He served as the Minister of Energy and Minerals from May 2012 until his resignation in January 2015 following the Tegeta escrow scandal. He was succeeded by his deputy George Simbachawene. He won the parliamentary constituency of Musoma Rural in the general election and was thereafter appointed to his former portfolio by President John Magufuli.

Life and career[edit]

He was the editor-in-chief of the Journal of African Earth Sciences.[3]

He is a fellow of several highly learned professional societies including the Geological Society of London.,[4] the Geological Society of America,[5] the Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences,[6] and the Tanzania Academy of Sciences.[7]

He also is the Vice-President for Commission of the Geological Map of the World (CGMW), 2005-to date.[8]

Has also worked as a Visiting Researcher, University of Mainz, Germany in 2000–2009[9]

He was the founder and first Executive Director of the International Council for Science (ICSU)- Africa Region. ICSU is a non-governmental organisation with a global membership of national scientific bodies (121 members) and international scientific unions (30 members).[10]

In 2009, he was among the nominated candidates [11] from Tanzania, for the post of Director General for UNESCO.

Honours and awards[edit]




Muhongo is the author or co-author of over 150 scientific articles and technical papers and has co-authored the publication of large-scale geological maps of Africa, East Africa and Tanzania.[14]

List of selected publications[edit]

  • Muhongo, S., Gudyanga, F.P., Enow, A.A. and Nyanganyura, D. (Editors), (2009). Science, Technology and Innovation for Socio-Economic Development: Success Stories from Africa, 175 pp, Pretoria, South Africa[15] (ISBN 978 0 620 45741 5)
  • Fritz, H., Tenczer, V., Hauzenberger, C., Wallbrecher, E. and Muhongo, S., (2009). Hot granulite nappes – tectonic styles and thermal evolution of Proterozoic Granulite Belt in East Africa. Tectonophysics 477, Issue 3–4, 160–173.
  • Muhongo, S., (2009). Managing the Future of Planet Earth: The role of knowledge, science, technology and innovation. In: Future of Planet Earth, Seminar Proceedings, Foundation For the Future (FFF)/UNESCO publication, p. 147–153.
  • P. Pinna, S. Muhongo, et al. (2004) Geology and Mineral Map of Tanzania. Scale: 1:2.000.000 . (BRGM-UDSM-GST team)
  • Muhongo, S., Hauzenberger, C. and Sommer, H. (2003). Vestiges of the Mesoproterozoic events in the Neoproterozoic Mozambique Belt: the East African Perspective in the Rodinia puzzle. Gondwana Research Journal, Vol. 6, pp 409–416.
  • Muhongo, S., Tuisku, P., S., Temu E., Appel, P. and Stendal, H. (2002). High-pressure granulite-facies metagabbros in the Ubendian Belt of SW Tanzania: preliminary petrography and P-T estimates. Journal of African Earth Sciences, Vol. 34, pp 279–285.
  • Muhongo, S., Kröner, A. and Nemchin, A. A. (2001). Single Zircon Evaporation and SHRIMP ages for granulite facies rocks in the Mozambique belt of Tanzania. Journal of Geology, Vol. 109, pp 171–189.
  • Muhongo, S., (1999). Anatomy of the Mozambique belt of eastern and southern Africa: evidence from Tanzania. Gondwana Research Journal, Vol. 2/3, pp 369–375.
  • Muhongo, S., (1999). Geological Characteristics of the Suture between West and East Gondwana. Gondwana Research Journal, Vol. 2/4, pp 595–599.
  • Muhongo, S., Tuisku, P. and Mtoni Y. (1999). Pan-African pressure temperature evolution of the Merelani area in the Mozambique belt in northeast Tanzania. Journal of African Earth Sciences, Vol. 29/2 pp 353–365.


  1. ^ a b c "Profile: Professor Sospeter Muhongo" (PDF). Geological Society of Africa. March 2007. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  2. ^ "Member of Parliament CV". Parliament of Tanzania. Archived from the original on 25 March 2015. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  3. ^ "Journal of African Earth Sciences Editorial Board". Journal of African Earth Sciences. Elsevier. Retrieved 30 June 2010.
  4. ^ "The Geological Society of London". Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  5. ^ Advanced Solutions International. "Geological Society of America". Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "". Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 15 July 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Suche auf den Webseiten der Universität Mainz". (in German). Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  10. ^ "Africa". International Council for Science — ICSU. Archived from the original on 19 February 2007. Retrieved 16 November 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  11. ^ "Tanzanian candidate seeks greater UNESCO focus on science". Devex. 11 September 2009. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  12. ^ "Awards". Geological Society of Africa. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  13. ^ "Professor Muhongo awarded Ordre des Palmes Académiques by French Government" (PDF). University of Pretoria. 15 April 2011. Retrieved 6 February 2013.[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 July 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ (ISBN 978 0 620 45741 5)