Sospeter Muhongo

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Hon. Professor
Sospeter Muhongo
Sospeter Muhongo IAEA.png
Minister of Energy and Minerals
Assumed office
12 December 2015
President John Magufuli
Preceded by George Simbachawene
In office
7 May 2012 – 24 January 2015
President Jakaya Kikwete
Preceded by William Ngeleja
Succeeded by George Simbachawene
Member of Parliament
Musoma Rural
Assumed office
November 2015
Member of Parliament
In office
12 June 2012 – July 2015
Appointed by Jakaya Kikwete
Constituency None (Nominated MP)
Personal details
Born (1954-06-25) 25 June 1954 (age 62)
Musoma, Tanganyika
Nationality Tanzanian
Political party CCM
Spouse(s) Bertha
Alma mater UDSM (BSc (Hons))
University of Göttingen (MSc)
TU Berlin (Dr.rer.nat.)
Profession Geologist
Committees Chair, SPC1 of IYPE
Religion Christianity
Positions President, GSAf (1995–2001)
Director, ICSU-Africa (2005–10)
Awards Robert Shackleton Award
Palmes academiques Officier ribbon.svg Ordre des Palmes Académiques
1Science Programme Committee

Sospeter Mwijarubi Muhongo, FGSAf, FTWAS, FAAS, CGeol, EurGeol, MASSAf, FGIGE, MP (born 25 June 1954) is a Tanzanian geologist and a nominated member of the Tanzanian Parliament.[1][2]

He served as the Minister of Energy and Minerals from May 2012 until his resignation in January 2015 following the Tegeta escrow scandal. He was succeeded by his deputy George Simbachawene. He won the parliamentary constituency of Musoma Rural in the general election and was thereafter appointed to his former portfolio by President John Magufuli.

Life and career[edit]

Muhongo family at the Mwalimu Nyerere Museum Centre in Butiama
Prof. Muhongo(seated left) as the Coordinator for establishment of the proposed Nyerere University at Mara Regional Commissioners Investment Centre Conference Hall.

He was the editor-in-chief of the Journal of African Earth Sciences.[3]

He is a fellow of several highly learned professional societies including the Geological Society of London.,[4] the Geological Society of America,[5] the Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences,[6] and the Tanzania Academy of Sciences.[7]

He also is the Vice-President for Commission of the Geological Map of the World (CGMW), 2005-to date.[8]

Has also worked as a Visiting Researcher, University of Mainz, Germany in 2000–2009[9]

He was the founder and first Executive Director of the International Council for Science (ICSU)- Africa Region. ICSU is a non-governmental organisation with a global membership of national scientific bodies (121 members) and international scientific unions (30 members).[10]

In 2009, he was among the nominated candidates [11] from Tanzania, for the post of Director General for UNESCO.

Honours and awards[edit]




Muhongo is the author or co-author of over 150 scientific articles and technical papers and has co-authored the publication of large-scale geological maps of Africa, East Africa and Tanzania.[14]

List of selected publications[edit]

  • Muhongo, S., Gudyanga, F.P., Enow, A.A. and Nyanganyura, D. (Editors), (2009). Science, Technology and Innovation for Socio-Economic Development: Success Stories from Africa, 175 pp, Pretoria, South Africa[15] (ISBN 978 0 620 45741 5)
  • Fritz, H., Tenczer, V., Hauzenberger, C., Wallbrecher, E. and Muhongo, S., (2009). Hot granulite nappes – tectonic styles and thermal evolution of Proterozoic Granulite Belt in East Africa. Tectonophysics 477, Issue 3–4, 160–173.
  • Muhongo, S., (2009). Managing the Future of Planet Earth: The role of knowledge, science, technology and innovation. In: Future of Planet Earth, Seminar Proceedings, Foundation For the Future (FFF)/UNESCO publication, p. 147–153.
  • P. Pinna, S. Muhongo, et al. (2004) Geology and Mineral Map of Tanzania. Scale: 1:2.000.000 . (BRGM-UDSM-GST team)
  • Muhongo, S., Hauzenberger, C. and Sommer, H. (2003). Vestiges of the Mesoproterozoic events in the Neoproterozoic Mozambique Belt: the East African Perspective in the Rodinia puzzle. Gondwana Research Journal, Vol. 6, pp 409–416.
  • Muhongo, S., Tuisku, P., S., Temu E., Appel, P. and Stendal, H. (2002). High-pressure granulite-facies metagabbros in the Ubendian Belt of SW Tanzania: preliminary petrography and P-T estimates. Journal of African Earth Sciences, Vol. 34, pp 279–285.
  • Muhongo, S., Kröner, A. and Nemchin, A. A. (2001). Single Zircon Evaporation and SHRIMP ages for granulite facies rocks in the Mozambique belt of Tanzania. Journal of Geology, Vol. 109, pp 171–189.
  • Muhongo, S., (1999). Anatomy of the Mozambique belt of eastern and southern Africa: evidence from Tanzania. Gondwana Research Journal, Vol. 2/3, pp 369–375.
  • Muhongo, S., (1999). Geological Characteristics of the Suture between West and East Gondwana. Gondwana Research Journal, Vol. 2/4, pp 595–599.
  • Muhongo, S., Tuisku, P. and Mtoni Y. (1999). Pan-African pressure temperature evolution of the Merelani area in the Mozambique belt in northeast Tanzania. Journal of African Earth Sciences, Vol. 29/2 pp 353–365.