Chama Cha Mapinduzi

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Party of the Revolution
Chama Cha Mapinduzi  (Swahili)
Abbreviation CCM
Chairman John Magufuli
Secretary-General Bashiru Ally
Spokesperson Humphrey Polepole
Founder Julius Nyerere
Aboud Jumbe
Founded 5 February 1977 (1977-02-05)
Merger of TANU and ASP
Headquarters Dodoma, Tanzania
Newspaper Uhuru
Student wing Shirikisho la Wanafunzi wa Taasisi za Elimu ya Juu
Youth wing Umoja wa Vijana wa CCM
Women's wing Umoja wa Wanawake Tanzania
Parents' wing Wazazi
Membership (2013) 8.4 million[1]
Ideology Ujamaa (past)
Democratic socialism (present)
Political position Centre-left
International affiliation Socialist International,
Progressive Alliance
African affiliation Former Liberation Movements of SA
277 / 393
Zanzibar HoR
81 / 85
7 / 9
4 / 5
Pan-African Parliament
4 / 5
Election symbol
A hoe and a hammer
Political Party Website

The Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM; English: "Party of the Revolution") is the dominant ruling party in Tanzania and the longest-ruling party in Africa.[2][3] It was formed in 1977, following the merger of the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) and the Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP), which were the sole operating parties in mainland Tanzania and the semi-autonomous islands of Zanzibar respectively.

Since the restoration of the multi-party system, CCM has retained its popularity, winning all the past five general elections in 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015. Jakaya Kikwete, its presidential candidate in 2005, won by a landslide, receiving more than 80% of the popular vote. In the 2010 election, it won 186 of the 239 constituencies, continuing to hold an outright majority in the National Assembly.[4]


The party was created on February 5, 1977, under the leadership of Julius Nyerere, through the merger of the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU), the ruling party in Tanganyika, and the Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP), the ruling party in Zanzibar.

TANU/CCM has dominated the politics of Tanzania since the independence of Tanganyika in 1962. Due to the merger with the ASP, from 1977 it has also been the ruling party in Zanzibar, though there its grip on power has been more contested by the Civic United Front (CUF).

From its formation until 1992, it was the only legally permitted party in the country. Every five years, its national chairman was automatically elected to a five-year term as president; he was confirmed in office via a referendum. At the same time, voters were presented with two CCM candidates for the National Assembly or Bunge. This changed on July 1, 1992, when amendments to the Constitution and a number of laws permitting and regulating the formation and operations of more than one political party were enacted by the National Assembly.


Originally a champion of African socialism, upholder of the system of collectivized agriculture known as Ujamaa and firmly oriented to the left, the CCM espouses today a more neoliberal[citation needed] approach. It conceives of economic modernization and free market policies as ways to raise the living standards of the citizens of Tanzania. CCM hopes to continue to privatize and modernize in order to ensure:

  1. Increased productivity which would boost the country's revenue
  2. Increased employment and improved management
  3. Acquisition of new and modern technology
  4. Increased and expanded local and international markets for our products, and;
  5. Improved and strengthened private sector serving as the engine of the national economy while the government sharpens its focus on provision of social services, infrastructure, security and governance of the state.

Similarly, the CCM's major foreign policy focus is economic diplomacy within the international system, and peaceful coexistence with neighbors.

Electoral performance[edit]

CCM has won all presidential elections at both union level and in Zanzibar at autonomous level under the multi-party system: 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015. It also dominates the legislature.

In the elections for Zanzibar's presidency and House of Representatives, held on 30 October 2005, incumbent president and CCM candidate Amani Abeid Karume won with 53.18% of the vote, while the party won 30 seats out of 50.

In the national elections for Tanzania's presidency and National Assembly, held on 14 December 2005, Foreign Minister and CCM candidate Jakaya Kikwete won with 80.28% of the vote. Out of the 232 seats filled through direct election, the CCM won 206.

On 31 October 2010, Jakaya Kikwete was reelected president with 62.8% of the vote, while CCM obtained 186 out of the 239 directly elected seats.

On 30 October 2015 John Magufuli of CCM won the election with 58.46% of the vote.

CCM was admitted into the Socialist International as a full member at the SI's spring congress on 4–5 February 2013.[5]


Current leaders[edit]

John Magufuli elected as Party Chairman on July 23, 2016.

Kikwete was elected to a second term in November 2012 for a five-year term, stepped down on July 23, 2016 to pave way for the new President to take over as the National Chairman.

National leaders[edit]


John Pombe Magufuli, the National Chairman and the President of United Republic of Tanzania

John Magufuli

Vice Chairman Zanzibar

Ali Mohamed Shein

Vice Chairman Mainland

Philip Mangula

Secretary General

Dr Bashiru Ally

Deputy Secretary General Zanzibar

Dr Abdalla Juma

Deputy Secretary General Mainland

Rodrick Mpogolo

Secretary for Organisation

Perreira Silima

Abdulrahaman Kinana, former Secretary General for the Chama Cha Mapinduzi

Secretary for Party Ideology and Publicity

Humphrey Polepole

Secretary for Party Affairs and International Relations

Rtd Colonel Ngemela Lubinga

Secretary for Economic Affairs and Finance

Dr Frank Haule

The party has a strong political base in rural Tanzania.
CCM Headquarters in the capital, Dodoma.
A mural of the party's candidates in the southern Tanzanian town of Lindi.
National Chairman
Name Tenure
Julius Nyerere 1977–1985
Ali Hassan Mwinyi 1986–1995
Benjamin Mkapa 1996–2005
Jakaya Kikwete 2006–2016
John Magufuli 2016–
National Vice Chairman (Mainland)
Name Tenure
John Malecela
Pius Msekwa 2007–2012
Philip Mangula 2012–present
National Vice Chairman (Zanzibar)
Name Tenure
Salmin Amour
Amani Abeid Karume ? – 2012
Ali Mohamed Shein 2012–present
Secretaries General
Name Tenure
Pius Msekwa 1977–1982
Rashidi Kawawa 1982–1990
Horace Kolimba 1990–1995
Lawrence Gama 1995–1997
Philip Mangula 1997–2007
Yusuf Makamba 2007–2011
Wilson Mukama 2011–2012
Abdulrahman Kinana 2012–present

Election results[edit]

Presidential Elections[edit]

Election date Party candidate Number of votes received Percentage of votes
1980 Julius Nyerere 5,570,883 95.5
1985 Ali Hassan Mwinyi 4,778,114 95.68
1990 Ali Hassan Mwinyi 5,198,120 97.78
1995 Benjamin Mkapa 4,026,422 61.82
2000 Benjamin Mkapa 5,863,201 71.74
2005 Jakaya Kikwete 9,123,952 80.28
2010 Jakaya Kikwete 5,276,827 62.83
2015 John Magufuli 8,882,935 58.46

Parliamentary Elections[edit]

Election date Number of votes received Percentage of votes Number of deputies
1980 5,417,099 100%
264 / 264
1985 4,768,997 100%
274 / 274
1990 5,198,120 97.78%
264 / 264
1995 3,814,206 59.22%
186 / 232
2000 4,628,127 65.19%
202 / 231
2005 7,579,897 70%
264 / 324
2010 4,641,830 60.20%
259 / 350
2015 8,021,427 55.04%
252 / 367


  1. ^ "Kikwete deplores divisive politics". Daily News (Tanzania). 4 February 2013. Archived from the original on 7 February 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  2. ^ O'Gorman, Melanie (26 April 2012). "Why the CCM won't lose: the roots of single-party dominance in Tanzania". Journal of Contemporary African Studies. Taylor & Francis. 30 (2): 313–333. doi:10.1080/02589001.2012.669566. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  3. ^ Manson, Katrina (30 September 2013). "Three issues loom over Tanzania's political scene". Financial Times. Retrieved 8 September 2014. (Subscription required (help)). 
  4. ^ Dagne, Ted (31 August 2011). "Tanzania: Background and Current Conditions" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 5 September 2013. 
  5. ^ "Decisions of the Council" (PDF). Socialist International. February 2013. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 

External links[edit]