South Australian state election, 1982
All 47 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly
24 seats were needed for a majority
11 (of the 22) seats in the South Australian Legislative Council
State elections were held in South Australia on 6 November 1982. All 47 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly were up for election. The incumbent Liberal Party of Australia led by Premier of South Australia David Tonkin was defeated by the Australian Labor Party led by Leader of the Opposition John Bannon.
|Australian Labor Party||353,999||46.28||+5.43||24||+5|
|Liberal Party of Australia||326,372||42.67||-5.27||21||-4|
|Australian Labor Party||WIN||50.90||+5.90||25||+5|
|Liberal Party of Australia||49.10||-5.90||22||-5|
Independent: Norm Peterson
Parliamentary elections for both houses of the Parliament of South Australia were held in South Australia in 1982, which saw John Bannon and the Australian Labor Party defeat the incumbent Liberal Party of Australia led by David Tonkin, after one term in power.
As Premier, Tonkin combined fiscal conservatism with socially progressive reforms. In the former, Tonkin made significant cuts to the public service, earning him the enmity of the unions, while an example of the latter was the passage of the land rights bill and the return to the Pitjantjatjara people of 10 per cent of South Australia's area.
Prior to the election, Tonkin removed Robin Millhouse (a former Liberal member who had defected to the Liberal Movement and then the Australian Democrats, and whose popularity enabled him to hold his seat of Waite) with an offer of a vacant seat in the Supreme Court . However the subsequent by-election saw the seat retained by Democrats candidate Heather Southcott, although the Liberals claimed the seat at the 1982 general election.
One potential election factor was the copper and uranium mine at Olympic Dam, near Roxby Downs. Enabling legislation had been passed earlier in 1982, despite the opposition of the Labor Party. Considered a controversial move in Labor circles, Bannon defused this as an election issue by promising that development would go ahead under a Labor government (a commitment which was honoured), despite having previously opposed it.
The Liberals also had to contend with the early 1980s recession.
After the election loss, Tonkin resigned as Liberal leader and was succeeded by John Olsen, who won a leadership ballot against Dean Brown. A heart complaint caused Tonkin to leave parliament soon after at which a 1983 Bragg by-election was triggered, the Liberals easily retained the seat.
In the South Australian Legislative Council, the sole balance of power was held unbroken by the Australian Democrats from their inception in mid-1970s, until the late 1990s. Though the Democrats would exceed 16 percent of the vote at the 1997 election, during the following term the Democrats would lose the sole balance of power for the first time, sharing the balance of power with independent members, slowly losing numbers and influence, until they were eventually without parliamentary representation as of the 2010 election.
|LABOR SEATS (24)|
|Henley Beach||Don Ferguson||ALP||4.0%|
|Whyalla||Max Brown||ALP||4.1% v IND|
|Ascot Park||John Trainer||ALP||9.3%|
|Albert Park||Kevin Hamilton||ALP||11.1%|
|Ross Smith||John Bannon||ALP||25.7%|
|LIBERAL SEATS (21)|
|Mount Gambier||Harold Allison||LIB||2.2%|
|Rocky River||John Olsen||LIB||10.3%|
|Mitcham||Stephen Baker||LIB||10.4% v AD|
|CROSSBENCH SEATS (2)|
|Semaphore||Norm Peterson||IND||10.3% v ALP|
|Flinders||Peter Blacker||NAT||23.7% v ALP|
Legislative Council Results
|1982 Legislative Council Result (STV)|
|Australian Labor Party||47.0%||5|
|Liberal Party of Australia||42.1%||5|
|1982-1985 Legislative Council|
|Liberal Party of Australia||11|
|Australian Labor Party||9|
- Results of the South Australian state election, 1982 (House of Assembly)
- Results of the South Australian state election, 1982 (Legislative Council)
- Members of the South Australian House of Assembly, 1982-1985
- Members of the South Australian Legislative Council, 1982-1985