South Wales Police
|South Wales Police
Heddlu De Cymru
Logo of the South Wales Police
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Operations jurisdiction*||Police area of Bridgend, Cardiff, Merthyr Tydfil, Neath Port Talbot, Rhondda Cynon Taf, Swansea and Vale of Glamorgan unitary authority areas, UK|
|South Wales Police operations area|
2,862 (of which 99 are Special Constables)
|Police Community Support Officers||400|
|Police and Crime Commissioner responsible||Alun Michael, (L)|
|Agency executive||Peter Vaughan, Chief Constable|
4 °Eastern °Western °Central°Northern
|* Police area agency: Prescribed geographic area in the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.|
It covers the historic county of Glamorgan, including Wales' capital city, Cardiff, as well as Bridgend, Merthyr Tydfil, Swansea, and the western South Wales Valleys, it is the largest police force in Wales in terms of population, and the seventh largest in the UK.
- 1 Strength and recruitment
- 2 History
- 3 Police stations
- 4 Corruption and racism
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Strength and recruitment
In February 2014, SWP introduced a requirement that anyone wishing to become a police constable first studies for the certificate in knowledge of policing before applying for the role. SWP is the first force in Wales, and only a handful in the UK to introduce this.
South Wales Police employ 2,862 sworn officers.
In recent years, special constables have not been recruited although about 100 remain throughout the force. There was a recruitment drive for specials in June 2014.
Police Community Support Officers
South Wales Police employ 400 unsworn PCSOs who are posted throughout the force area. They are mostly funded by the Welsh government.
Approximately 1,631 support staff are employed by the force. Their roles vary widely from call handlers to crime scene investigators.
Police Support Volunteers
Police Support Volunteers are used to support police officers. South Wales Police currently have 285 Police Support Volunteers which is their maximum capacity.
The force was formed as South Wales Constabulary (the name was changed in 1996) on 1 June 1969 by the amalgamation of the former Glamorgan Constabulary, Cardiff City Police, Swansea Borough Police and Merthyr Tydfil Borough Police. In 1974, with the re-organisation of local government, the force's area was expanded to cover the newly created Mid Glamorgan, South Glamorgan and West Glamorgan.
In further local government re-organisation in 1996 the force area lost the Rhymney Valley area to Gwent Police. Today it covers the principal areas of Bridgend, Cardiff, Merthyr Tydfil, Neath Port Talbot, Rhondda Cynon Taf, Swansea and the Vale of Glamorgan – most of the ancient county of Glamorgan.
Under proposals made by the Home Secretary on 6 February 2006, the force would have merged with North Wales Police, Gwent Police and Dyfed-Powys Police, to form a single strategic force for all of Wales. This issue caused sharp divisions amongst some members of the police force.
Police stations in each local authority policed by the Force include:
- Bridgend police station (divisional headquarters)
- Bridgend Queens Road (Bridewell) – Built 2014
- Maesteg police station
- Porthcawl police station
- Aberkenfig police station
- Pyle police station
- South Wales police headquarters Bridgend
- Cardiff Bay Police Station – contains Cardiff's Custody Suite (area headquarters)
- Cardiff Central police station
- Cathays Police Station
- Ely police station
- Fairwater police station
- Llanedeyrn police station
- Llanishen police station
- Radyr police station
- Roath police station
- Rumney police station
- St Mellons Police Station
- Whitchurch police station
Stations in Canton and Grangetown were closed in 2013 and 2009 respectively. Due to a change in the way the public access police services, only Cardiff Bay and Cardiff Central police stations have front desk services.
- Dowlais police station
- Merthyr Tydfil Bridewell Police Station (opened in 2014)
- Gurnos police station
Neath Port Talbot
- Cymmer police station
- Glynneath police station
- Neath police station (divisional headquarters)
- Pontardawe police station
- Port Talbot police station (sandfields)
Rhondda Cynon Taf
- Aberdare police station
- Church Village police station
- Hirwaun police station
- Mountain Ash police station
- Pontypridd police station (divisional headquarters)
- Porth police station
- Talbot Green police station
- Ton Pentre police station
- Tonypandy police station
- Tonyrefail police station
- Ynysybwl police station
- Cockett police station
- Gorseinon police station
- Morriston police station
- Townhill police station
- Swansea Central police station (Area Headquarters and Custody Suite)
Vale of Glamorgan
- Barry police station (divisional headquarters)
- Cardiff Airport police station
- Cowbridge police station
- Penarth police station
- Llantwit Major police station
Corruption and racism
The Cardiff Newsagent Three were three men wrongly convicted of the 1987 murder of Cardiff newsagent Phillip Saunders, who was attacked with a shovel in the back yard of his Cardiff home and later died in hospital. Michael O'Brien, Darren Hall and Ellis Sherwood were arrested and spent 11 years in prison before being released.
In 1989 the body of Karen Price was discovered in Cardiff, Wales. Two construction workers unearthed a rolled carpet while installing a garden behind a house. It was disclosed that a number of officers from the South Wales Police who were involved in the investigation of Price's murder had also worked on the Lynette White and Philip Saunders murder inquiries, in which six men were wrongfully convicted. Other sources of concern in the Price case, according to the commission, included breaches of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (PACE) and the PACE Code of Practice, which govern the detention, treatment, and questioning of persons by police officers; the credibility of the prosecution witnesses; "oppressive handling by the police of key witnesses"; and the "veracity of Mr. Ali's guilty plea".
In November 1988, South Wales Police charged five mixed-race men with the murder of Lynette White, although none of the scientific evidence discovered at the crime scene could be linked to them, and a white male was seen in the vicinity at the time of the murder. On conclusion of the longest murder trial in British history, in November 1990 three of the men were found guilty and sentenced to life imprisonment.
In December 1992 the convictions were ruled unsafe and quashed by the Court of Appeal after it was decided that the police investigating the murder had acted improperly. The wrongful conviction of the three men has been called one of the most egregious miscarriages of justice in recent times. The police claimed that they had done nothing wrong, that the men had been released purely on a technicality of law, and resisted all calls for the case to be reopened.
In 2004 the Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) began a review of the conduct of the police during the original inquiry. Over the next 12 months around 30 people were arrested in connection with the investigation, 19 of whom were serving or retired police officers. In 2007 three of the prosecution witnesses at the original murder trial were convicted of perjury and each jailed for 18 months. In 2009 two further witnesses from the original trial were also charged with perjury. Along with eight former police officers charged with conspiring to pervert the course of justice, they stood trial in 2011.
The trial was the largest police corruption trial in British criminal history and commenced in July 2011. A further four police officers were due to be tried on the same charges in 2012. In November 2011 the case collapsed when the defence submitted that copies of files which they said they should have seen had instead been destroyed. As a result, the judge ruled that the defendants could not receive a fair trial and all 14 were acquitted.
In January 2012 the "destroyed" documents were found, still in the original box in which they had been sent to South Wales Police by the IPCC.
In July 2016, an Ex-police detective Jeffrey Davies was jailed for two rapes. He was jailed for 18 years after he was found guilty of raping two women. Jeffrey Davies, 45, of Aberdare, was serving in the Rhondda Valley when he raped his victims in 2002 and 2003. Cardiff Crown Court heard he was dismissed from the force in 2013 after being convicted of other sexual assaults. IPCC Commissioner for Wales, Jan Williams, has said Davies was a "sex offender hiding within the police".
- South Wales Police and Crime Commissioner
- Policing in the United Kingdom
- List of police forces in the United Kingdom
- "Tables for 'Police workforce, England and Wales, 31 March 2013". HM Government. Office for National Statistics. 31 March 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
- "Alun Michael is new south Wales police and crime commissioner". BBC News. 16 November 2012.
- "Welsh Police Football Association—Teams". Archived from the original on 8 May 2005. Retrieved 1 November 2006.
- South Wales Police Museum
- "All-Wales police force confirmed". BBC News. 6 February 2006. Retrieved 1 November 2006.
- Our Bobby
- South Wales Police Divisional Headquarters at the Wayback Machine (archived 6 January 2013) archived from the original
- BBC Wales News Police station closure plan fears 2 November 2009 (Retrieved 21 September 2011)
- Hughes, Mark (26 January 2012). "Missing Lynette White Files in Britain's Biggest police corruption case found". The Telegraph. Retrieved 3 December 2015.