City of London Police

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City of London Police
City of London police.png
Agency overview
Formed1839; 180 years ago (1839)
Annual budget£123.8m (2015/16)[1]
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionCity of London, England, United Kingdom
City of London (ceremonial county) in its region.svg
City of London police area (red)
Size1.1 sq mi / 2.8 km²
Populationapprox 9000 residents[2]
Legal jurisdictionEngland & Wales
Governing bodyCommon Council of the City of London
Constituting instrument
General nature
HeadquartersWood Street

Police officers756 [3]
Support Staffs408
Agency executive
Divisions2
Facilities
Stations3
Website
www.cityoflondon.police.uk/Pages/default.aspx
City hall London at dawn (cropped).jpg
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The City of London Police is the territorial police force responsible for law enforcement within the City of London, including the Middle and Inner temples. The force responsible for law enforcement within the remainder of the London region, outside the City, is the much larger Metropolitan Police Service, a separate organisation. The City of London, which is now primarily a financial business district with a small resident population but a large commuting workforce, is the historic core of London, and has an administrative history distinct from that of the rest of the metropolis, of which its separate police force is one manifestation.

The City of London area has a resident population of around 7,700.[2] However, there is also a daily influx of approximately 400,000 commuters into the City, along with thousands of tourists.[4]

The police authority is the Common Council of the City, and unlike other territorial forces in England and Wales there is not a police and crime commissioner replacing that police authority by way of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011,[5] but like a police and crime commissioner, the Common Council is elected.

As of September 2017 the force had a workforce of 1,178, including 676 full-time police officers, 75 special constables, 9 police community support officers, 10 designated officers and 408 support staff.[6] The headquarters is located at Wood Street and there are two additional stations at Snow Hill, and Bishopsgate. The City of London Police is the smallest territorial police force in England and Wales, both in terms of geographic area and head-count.[7] The Commissioner since January 2016 is Ian Dyson, QPM, who was formerly the force's Assistant Commissioner.

History of policing in the City of London[edit]

Policing in the City of London has existed since Roman times. Wood Street police station, also headquarters of the City Police, is built on part of the site of a Roman fortress.[8]

Prior to 1839, the responsibility for policing in the City was divided, from the medieval period, between day and night City Watch, primarily under the two sheriffs. Responsibilities were shared with the aldermen's officers – the ward beadles – who are now purely ceremonial. It was these officers' responsibility for ensuring the Night Watch was maintained. Policing during the day eventually came under the City Patrol, which evolved into the City Day Police, which was modelled on the Metropolitan Police. In 1838, the Day Police and Night Watch were merged into a single organisation. The passing of the City of London Police Act 1839 gave statutory approval to the force as an independent police body, heading off attempts made to merge it with the Metropolitan Police.[9]

During 1842, the City Police moved its headquarters from Corporation's Guildhall to 26 Old Jewry, where it remained until it was relocated to Wood Street in 2002.[8]

Organisation[edit]

The City Police is organised into five Basic Command Units:[10]

  • Economic Crime Directorate
  • Crime Directorate
  • Uniformed Policing Directorate
  • Information and Intelligence Directorate
  • Corporate Services Directorate

Because of the City's role as a world financial centre, the City of London Police has developed a great deal of expertise in dealing with fraud and "is the acknowledged lead force within the UK for economic crime investigation."[11] The Economic Crime Directorate includes:

Leadership structure[edit]

  • Commissioner Ian Dyson, QPM
  • Assistant Commissioner Alistair Sutherland
  • Temporary Commander Jayne Gyford (Operations & Security)
  • Temporary Commander David Clark (National Coordinator for Economic Crime)
  • Chief Superintendent David Lawes (Uniformed Policing Directorate)
  • Temporary Detective Chief Superintendent David Evans (Intelligence and Information Directorate)
  • Temporary Detective Chief Superintendent Glenn Maleary (Economic Crime Directorate)
  • Temporary Detective Chief Superintendent Peter O'Doherty (Crime Investigation Directorate)

Uniform[edit]

Mounted Section officer

Where the majority of British police forces have white metal badges and buttons, those of the City Police are brass. The force also have a unique red and white chequered sleeve and cap bands (red and white being the colours of the City of London), which in most other British police forces are black and white. Women officers wear a red and white cravat.[15]

Their helmet has altered little since its introduction in 1865 and has a crest instead of the white metal boss worn on the Metropolitan Police helmet. The "helmet plate" or badge is the City of London coat of arms; this is unusual for a police force in England and Wales in that it does not include the St Edward's Crown, neither does it have the Brunswick Star, which is used on most other police helmets in England and Wales.[16]

On State and ceremonial occasions the Commissioner and his deputy wear a special Court Dress Uniform with a gold aiguillette and a cocked hat adorned with white swan's feathers; other than on these occasions, they wear standard uniform.[17]

Equipment[edit]

Like other British police forces, City of London police officers are not routinely armed. The force has a small pool of AFOs to deal with firearms incidents in the city. However, all (except PCSOs) officers are equipped with Hiatt Speedcuffs, ASP batons and PAVA incapacitant spray. Many officers are also equipped with the TASERX26 electroshock weapon.

Warrant card[edit]

The City of London Police warrant card badge[18] is the city shield enamelled in red and white. The City motto Domine Dirige Nos (Lord Guide Us) in gold on a black scroll above the words "City of London Police". Two Tudor dragons surround the shield. These are a reference to the heraldic supporters of the City's arms. The warrant number is printed below and the word "police" is written beneath that in braille (at the suggestion of blind former Home Secretary David Blunkett).

Ranks[edit]

The ranks from constable to chief superintendent are the same as all other British police forces. The three senior ranks are similar to those used by the Metropolitan Police.

Ranks of the City of London Police
Rank Police
community
support
officer
Constable Sergeant Inspector Chief
inspector
Insignia CoLP Insignia - PCSO.png CoLP New Rank Insignia - Constable.png CoLP New Rank Insignia - Sergeant.png CoLP New Rank Insignia - Inspector.png CoLP New Rank Insignia - Chief Inspector.png
Rank Superintendent Chief
superintendent
Commander Assistant
commissioner
Commissioner
Insignia CoLP New Rank Insignia - Superintendent.png CoLP New Rank Insignia - Chief Superintendent.png CoLP New Rank Insignia - Commander.png CoLP New Rank Insignia - Assistant Commissioner.png CoLP New Rank Insignia - Commissioner.png

Constables and Sergeants display collar numbers on their rank badges (in the range 1 to 150 for Sergeants and 151 to 999 for Constables). Officers between the ranks of Inspector and Chief Superintendent (who do not have collar numbers) display their warrant numbers instead.

Commissioners[edit]

Assistant Commissioner in ceremonial full-dress uniform for the Lord Mayor's Show.

Special Constabulary[edit]

Vehicles[edit]

Two City of London Police vans.

The City of London Police has a fleet of vehicles including response cars, four-wheel-drive traffic vehicles, motorcycles, public order carriers, a horsebox (Scania P270), dog section vehicles and cage vans.

It has no independent marine capacity, and so relies on the Metropolitan Police Marine Policing Unit when its operational needs require such capacity.

Like all other forces in England and Wales, it relies on the National Police Air Service for its airborne capacity.

Officers killed in the line of duty[edit]

The Police Roll of Honour Trust[20] lists and commemorates all British police officers killed in the line of duty. The Police Memorial Trust since its establishment in 1984 has erected over 38 memorials to some of those officers.

Since 1900 the following officers of the City of London Police were killed while attempting to prevent or stop a crime in progress:[21]

  • Sgt Robert Bentley, PC Walter Choat and Sgt Charles Tucker, 1910 (all fatally shot prior to the Siege of Sidney Street).
  • Cmdr Hugh Moore QPM, 1993 (suffered heart failure following a violent arrest).

Olympics[edit]

The gold-medal-winning City of London Police team at the 1908 Summer Olympics.

Teams of the City of London Police participated in the Olympic games three times in the tug of war tournament. At the 1908 Summer Olympics they won the gold medal, beating a team of the Liverpool Police in the final. In 1912 the team was beaten in the final by one of the Stockholm Police. At the 1920 Summer Olympics the team regained its title, beating the Netherlands. This was the last time tug of war was an Olympic sport, which means the City of London Police is still the reigning Olympic champion.[22][23]

Museum[edit]

The City of London Police Museum is dedicated to the police force and its story of policing.[24] Exhibits include uniforms, Victorian-era police equipment and artefacts, communication devices, World War II displays, and exhibits about Jack the Ripper and other famous murder cases.

The museum relocated in November 2016 to the space formerly used by the Clockmakers' Museum, next to the Guildhall Library.[25] The new museum was funded by a Heritage Lottery Fund grant.[26]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 August 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ a b "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 30 November 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ {{cite web|url=https://www.justiceinspectorates.gov.uk/hmicfrs/peel-assessments/peel-2018/city-of-london/more-about-this-area/
  4. ^ "City of London Police – index". City of London Police. Retrieved 8 June 2009.
  5. ^ "Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011". www.legislation.gov.uk.
  6. ^ "Police workforce, England and Wales: 30 September 2017". GOV.UK. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  7. ^ "The police | Home Office". Police.homeoffice.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 27 October 2009. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
  8. ^ a b "City Police history" Archived 16 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine. City of London Police. Retrieved on 2010-07-21.
  9. ^ "Records of City of London Police Officers in CLRO" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 February 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2009.
  10. ^ City of London Police – index Archived 8 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine. City of London Police, (19 June 2008). Retrieved on 2009-05-06.
  11. ^ "City of London Police – Economic Crime Directorate". City of London Police. 23 July 2010. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
  12. ^ "DCPCU".
  13. ^ "International Corruption Unit".
  14. ^ "Insurance Fraud Enforcement Department".
  15. ^ "Uniforms and Buttons". Citypolice.tripod.com. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
  16. ^ "Uniforms". Citypolice.tripod.com. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
  17. ^ "Uniforms and Buttons". tripod.com.
  18. ^ "Other Insignia". tripod.com.
  19. ^ Widdup, Ellen (26 May 2009). "City police hire 50 specialists to fight £1 billion fraudsters". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 5 May 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2012.
  20. ^ Trust, Police Roll of Honour. "Police Roll of Honour Trust".
  21. ^ Police Roll of Honour Trust - City of London Police. Policememorial.org.uk. Retrieved on 2013-08-12.
  22. ^ "London 1908: Drugs, discord, cheating, boycotts and 56 gold medals for Britain". The Scotsman. Retrieved on 2009-05-06.
  23. ^ "City Police history". City of London Police. Retrieved on 2009-05-06.
  24. ^ City of London Police Museum website
  25. ^ "London gets a new museum – of police history". IanVisits. 27 November 2016.
  26. ^ "Inside London's quirkiest new museum". Telegraph. 3 November 2016.

External links[edit]

Media related to City of London Police at Wikimedia Commons