Southwold, Ontario

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Southwold, Ontario
Township of Southwold
Southwold ON.JPG
Southwold, Ontario is located in Southern Ontario
Southwold, Ontario
Southwold, Ontario
Coordinates: 42°45′N 81°19′W / 42.750°N 81.317°W / 42.750; -81.317Coordinates: 42°45′N 81°19′W / 42.750°N 81.317°W / 42.750; -81.317
CountryCanada
ProvinceOntario
CountyElgin
Incorporated1852
Government
 • MayorGrant Jones
 • Federal ridingElgin—Middlesex—London
 • Prov. ridingElgin—Middlesex—London
Area
 • Land301.74 km2 (116.50 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total4,421
 • Density14.7/km2 (38/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal Code
N0L
Area code(s)519, 226, 548
Websitewww.southwold.ca

Southwold is a township in Elgin County, in Ontario, Canada, located on the north shore of Lake Erie. It is a rich agricultural zone producing predominantly corn and soybeans. It is part of the London census metropolitan area.

History[edit]

The Southwold Earthworks is located in the township. It is an example of a pre-contact site associated with the indigenous Neutral people. The period of Neutral occupation is dated to approximately 1450–1550. It was designated as a National Historic Site in 1923.[2]

Southwold was named in 1792 after Southwold in Suffolk, England. The municipality was incorporated in 1852.

Shedden's growth occurred when the Canada Southern Railway was built, bypassing Fingal. Later it was joined by the Pere Marquette railway, boosting Shedden's importance further still. Both railways are now defunct. Talbotville is situated at the intersection of highways 3 & 4, two of the oldest roads in the region.

Southwold was the site of the 2006 Shedden massacre.

Economy[edit]

The township is home to the Green Lane Landfill, a large garbage dump site purchased by the City of Toronto in 2007.[3] Toronto began shipping waste to the site in 2010. Southwold was also home of the Ford St. Thomas Assembly plant until its closure in 2011.

Communities[edit]

Shedden

Demographics[edit]

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Southwold had a population of 4,851 living in 1,713 of its 1,760 total private dwellings, a change of 9.7% from its 2016 population of 4,421. With a land area of 301.38 km2 (116.36 sq mi), it had a population density of 16.1/km2 (41.7/sq mi) in 2021.[4]

Canada census – Southwold, Ontario community profile
20162011
Population4,421 (-1.6% from 2011)4,494 (-4.9% from 2006)
Land area301.74 km2 (116.50 sq mi)301.71 km2 (116.49 sq mi)
Population density14.7/km2 (38/sq mi)14.9/km2 (39/sq mi)
Median age44.7 (M: 44.6, F: 44.8)43.7 (M: 43.2, F: 44.2)
Total private dwellings1,6551,643
Median household income$83,942
References: 2016[5] 2011[6] earlier[7][8]
Historical population
YearPop.±%
19914,351—    
19964,282−1.6%
20014,487+4.8%
20064,724+5.3%
20114,494−4.9%
20164,421−1.6%
[9][10][1]
1996 population would have been 4,273 when adjusted to 2001 boundaries

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Southwold, Township". Statistics Canada. Retrieved June 11, 2019.
  2. ^ Southwold Earthworks. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  3. ^ "Green Lane Landfill". City of Toronto. Archived from the original on March 1, 2017.
  4. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), Ontario". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved April 2, 2022.
  5. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 12, 2021. Retrieved 2019-06-11.
  6. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 21, 2019. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
  7. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 20, 2019.
  8. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 18, 2021.
  9. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
  10. ^ "Southwold census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-07-16.

External links[edit]