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Spalacopus cyanus - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria - Genoa, Italy - DSC02864.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Suborder: Hystricomorpha
Infraorder: Hystricognathi
Family: Octodontidae
Genus: Spalacopus
Wagler, 1832
Species: S. cyanus
Binomial name
Spalacopus cyanus
(Molina, 1782)

The cururo (Spalacopus cyanus) is a species of rodent in the family Octodontidae.[2] It is monotypic within the genus Spalacopus.[2] The species is endemic to central Chile, where it has been found in a wide variety of habitats, from coastal to montane.[1] It is fossorial and lives in colonies.[1]


Cururos occur along the coast from Alicahue (32°19'S) to Los Cipreses (34°01'S), and in the Andes up to 3500 m altitude from Alicahue (32°19'S) to Los Cipreses (34°01'S).[3]


Cururos feed on grasses, herbs and bulbs of geophyts like Leucocoryne ixioides,[4] Dioscorea longipes,[5] or species of Libertia, Sisyrinchium or Alophia.[3]


  1. ^ a b c Lessa, E., Ojeda, R. & Bidau, C. (2008). Spalacopus cyanus. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 5 January 2009.
  2. ^ a b Woods, C.A.; Kilpatrick, C.W. (2005). "Infraorder Hystricognathi". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 1573. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  3. ^ a b Torres-Mura, J.C.; L.C. Contreras (1998). "Spalacopus cyanus". Mammalian Species 594: 1–5. doi:10.2307/3504535. 
  4. ^ Reig, Osvaldo A. (1970). "Ecological notes on the fossorial octodont rodent Spalacopus Cyanus (Molina)". Journal of Mammalogy 51 (3): 592–601. doi:10.2307/1378398. 
  5. ^ Begall, Sabine; Gallardo, M.H. (2000). "Spalacopus cyanus (Rodentia:Octodontidae): an extremist in tunnel constructiong and food storing among subterranean mammals.". Journal of Zoology 251: 53–60. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.2000.tb00592.x.