Special Purpose Marine Air-Ground Task Force – Crisis Response – Africa
|Special Purpose Marine Air-Ground Task Force – Crisis Response – Africa|
The SPMAGTF-CR-AF official seal [Note 1]
|Active||21 April 2013 – present|
|Branch||United States Marine Corps (USMC)|
|Type||Marine Air-Ground Task Force|
|Role||Forward-deployed, rapid-response force|
|Part of||U.S. Marine Corps Forces, Africa (MARFORAF)|
|Colonel Adam Chalkley|
Special Purpose Marine Air-Ground Task Force – Crisis Response – Africa (SP-MAGTF-CR-AF) is a Marine Air-Ground Task Force that is permanently based at Morón Air Base in Spain. SP-MAGTF-CR-AF reports to U.S. Marine Corps Forces Africa under United States Africa Command. It is a self-mobile, self-sustaining force of approximately 850 Marines and sailors, capable of responding to a range of crises. The unit is specifically trained to support U.S. and partner interests throughout the United States Africa Command area of responsibility, to include embassy reinforcement, support to noncombatant evacuation operations, tactical recovery of aircraft and personnel, humanitarian assistance, and disaster relief. The unit also takes part in bilateral and multilateral training exercises with regional partners. It is commanded by a U.S. Marine colonel (O-6).
In 2011, based on strategic insight, LtCol. Thomas Atkinson, Strategic Plans Officer for USMARFORAF, created SPMAGTF-AF with funding from USAFRICOM and USMARFORCOM. The SPMAGTF-AF initially consisted of 120 specially trained Marines from 4th Force Reconnaissance Co. and ACE support. The TE included two KC-130 aircraft vehicles and trucks. SPMAGTF-12 (see external link below), the first rotation was trained in Limited Crisis Response, Humanitarian Aid, and Host Nation Support in Africa. SPMAGTF Marines were trained in embassy reinforcement and stationed out of NAS Sigonella, Sicily, for timely response in Africa. In 2012, the highly successful SPMAGTF was replicated in every COCOM globally.
In 2013, following the 2012 Benghazi attack, Lt. Gen. Richard Tryon, Marine Corps deputy commandant for plans, policies and operations, announced the creation of a larger Special Purpose Marine Air Ground Task Force that could fly in a company of Marines on Bell Boeing MV-22B Ospreys to respond to crises in Africa. However, this will require political work to secure a ground base nearby that the amphibious ships operating in the global commons of the world's oceans do not require. The task force self-deployed to Morón Air Base on 27 April 2013.
USMC spokesman Capt. Eric Flanagan has listed the responsibilities of the task force to be a first responder for American embassies in the area, to help evacuate Americans, and to provide humanitarian and disaster relief.
In June, elements of the unit went to Italy during the 100th anniversary of Italian naval aviation where they showcased the U.S. Marine Corps' MV-22B Osprey.
In July 2013, Col. Scott F. Benedict, the commander of the 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit, took over command of SP-MAGTF Crisis Response and brought much of his staff from the 24th MEU. As of July, SP-MAGTF Crisis Response consisted of a Command Element from the 24th MEU, a Ground Combat Element (GCE) from Bravo Company, 2nd Reconnaissance Battalion, based out of Camp Lejeune, N.C.; an Aviation Combat Element (ACE) from Marine Medium Tiltrotor Squadron 365 (VMM-365) out of New River, N.C.; and a small Logistics Combat Element (LCE) from the 2nd Marine Logistics Group, also from Camp Lejeune.
One of the primary objectives of the new commander was to establish relationships among American and foreign military and civilian leaders within Spain and the surrounding area. To this end, the unit conducted a bilateral exercise from July 29 to Aug. 1, when infantry Marines trained alongside Spanish paratroopers from the Brigada de Infantería Ligera Paracaidista at the Principe Training Camp near Uceda, Spain. Later that month, there was another bilateral event as the GCE again joined Spanish paratroopers and U.S. Sailors for a free-fall training exercise near Naval Station Rota Spain, August 12–16.
Between August and September, the unit saw its aviation and infantry units conduct turnovers as VMM-162 replaced VMM-365 as the ACE, and Alpha Company replaced Bravo Company (both from 2nd Reconnaissance Battalion) as the GCE. Shortly after, on Sept. 25, the U.S. Ambassador to Spain, Mr. James Costos, visited Moròn and received a brief regarding the capabilities of the force and a ride in an Osprey.
From Oct. 28 to Nov. 1, SP-MAGTF Crisis Response Marines flew north to Camp des Garrigues near Nîmes, France, to take part in a bilateral training event with French Legionnaires with the 2nd Foreign Infantry Regiment. The five-day event aimed at developing a working relationship with the French military and was the first event between SP-MAGTF Crisis Response and the French. The training was also historically significant because it was the first time an MV-22B Osprey landed and operated in a tactical environment on French soil. The Osprey had only been in France once before, at the 1995 Paris Air Show in Le Bourget.
Another significant event in November was the insert of personnel to Dakar, Senegal, Nov. 13. The mission consisted of the movement of a contingent of Marines from SP-MAGTF Africa using SP-MAGTF Crisis Response Ospreys and a KC-130J Hercules. The movement was over 1,500 nautical miles and marked the first time Osprey aircraft landed in West Africa. There was a static display and demonstration flight for those in attendance, which included the U.S. Ambassador to Senegal, Mr. Lewis Lukens, and senior members of the Senegalese military.
In March 2014, Spain agreed to an expansion to 850 marines and an extension of the mission for another year.
In May 2014, a 200 Marine detachment was again sent to Sigonella in response to "a deteriorating security situation in North Africa".
In October 2014, Marines and Sailors with SPMAGTF Crisis Response Africa traveled to Liberia from Dakar, Senegal, to support OPERATION UNITED ASSISTANCE. The operation is part of a comprehensive U.S. Government effort, led by the U.S. Agency for International Development, to respond to and contain the outbreak of the Ebola virus in West Africa as quickly as possible.
In 2015 the United States and Spain agreed on a permanent agreement for use of the base to replace the year-to-year terms the task force had been operating under.
In July 2015, SPMAGTF-CR-AF 15.2 took authority for operations under the command of Col Cal L. Worth Jr. of the 6th Marine Regiment, 2d Marine Division. Col Worth's regiment staff composes the body of the CE. The ACE is Marine Medium Tiltrotor Squadron 261 (VMM-261), 2d Marine Air Wing; the GCE is the 3d Battalion, 8th Marine Regiment, 2d Marine Division; and the LCE is Combat Logistics Battalion-6, 2d Marine Logistics Group. All units are from the II Marine Expeditionary Force based aboard Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina.
In September 2015 SPMAGTF-CR-AF will deploy aboard various allied ships in Exercise Trident Juncture.
In 2017 half of the unit's V-22s will be taken away for training.
- 13.1 (April 2013 – unknown)
- 15.2 (July 2015 – unknown)
- During February 2016.
- During October 2016
- VMM-266 ES - MV-22B Osprey
- During May 2018 for 18.2, CLR-2 as the Command Element, VMM 263 as the Aviation Combat Element, Company A, 1/6 as the Ground Combat Element, and CLB 2 as the Logistics Combat Element
The USMC has considered setting up two additional such units. One based in the United States for United States Marine Corps Forces, South, and another in Bahrain for United States Marine Forces Central Command. However the Congress is considered unlikely to vote for the Opportunity, Growth, and Security Initiative funding needed. The United States House Committee on Armed Services voted to transfer the needed funds from operations and maintenance accounts instead, risking a hollow force.
In 2014 SP-MAGTF Central Command deployed a two thousand Marine force to the Persian Gulf with their aircraft. SP-MAGTF-CR-CC will remain on call for recovery of downed allied pilots conducting airstrikes during Operation Inherent Resolve.
In June 2015 the 250 Marines of Special Purpose Marine Air-Ground Task Force-South are scheduled to deploy to four Central American countries.
- Special Purpose Marine Air-Ground Task Force – Crisis Response – Central Command
- Marine Air-Ground Task Force
- List of Marine Expeditionary Units
- Organization of the United States Marine Corps
- 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit
- The seal borrows symbolism from the U.S. AFRICOM seal along with U.S. Marine Corps specific themes. The continent of Africa represents the unit's primary area of responsibility. The scarlet and gold shield is emblazoned with the Marine Corps emblem and represents defense. The upturned swords represent the theme of "ready to fight" and the trident symbolizes the Marine Corps' maritime traditions and capabilities. There is also a light blue border, representing the U.S. Dept. of State, around the continent of Africa which harks to the unit's mission of protecting U.S. embassies and other partnered interests in the region.
- Lamothe, Dan (21 April 2013). "3-star details new Marine crisis-response force". Marine Corps Times. Gannet. Archived from the original on 26 April 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- Schulz, Lauren (1 May 2013). "MV-22B Ospreys Make Historic Flight". Marine Corps News. Military Advantage. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
- "Marines, Army form quick-strike forces for Africa". USA Today. 15 June 2013. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- Atwell, Lukas,  "Crisis Response Marines familiarize Italian naval aviation leaders with Osprey", June 28, 2013
- Larson, Joshua W.,  "Newest Marine unit trains with Spanish soldiers", Aug. 1, 2013
- Larson, Joshua W.  "Marine Crisis Response force hosts free-fall exercise with Spanish paratroopers", Aug. 16, 2013
- Larson, Joshua (5 November 2013). "New U.S. Marine unit trains with French Foreign Legion". Marine Forces Europe and Africa. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- "Target Lock: V-22 Osprey: Development". Retrieved 5 March 2014.
- Hyland, Sharon,  "Marines conduct long-range flight into Senegal", Dec. 12, 2013
- Lamothe, Dan (3 January 2014). "Marines' Post-Benghazi Forces Rescue an Ambassador -- and Show Up the Army". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
- Harkins, Gina (10 March 2014). "Spain OKs boost in crisis response force Marines". Military Times. Gannett Government Media. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- Seck, Hope Hodge (12 April 2014). "Corps wants crisis response unit in western Africa". Marine Corps Times. Gannett Government Media. Retrieved 12 April 2014.
- Trevithick, Joe (15 May 2014). "Marines Ready for New Libyan Crisis". medium.com. War is Boring. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- http://www.newsday.com/news/world/spain-makes-us-rapid-force-at-moron-base-permanent-1.10486681 "Spain makes US rapid force at Moron base permanent", Newsday
- Sanborn, James K. (14 June 2015). "Marines to deploy aboard European allies' ships". www.militarytimes.com. Gannett. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- Schogol, Jeff (2 May 2016). "Marines' crisis response force for Africa will lose half of its Ospreys". www.marinecorpstimes.com. Marine Corps Times. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
- AirForces Monthly. Stamford, Lincolnshire, England: Key Publishing Ltd. January 2016. p. 6.
- AirForces Monthly. Stamford, Lincolnshire, England: Key Publishing Ltd. April 2016. p. 9.
- Harkins, Gina (August 29, 2013). "Crisis-response force coming to MARFORSOUTH". Marine Corps Times. Gannett Government Media. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
- Michaels, Jim (23 January 2014). "Plans are on for quick reaction force in Middle East". USA Today. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
- Seck, Hope Hodge (3 April 2014). "Marine Corps $2.5 billion wish list includes millions for new crisis response units". Marine Corps Times. Gannett Government Media. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
- KREISHER, OTTO (7 May 2014). "House Armed Services Markup Aims to 'Preserve What We Have'". Seapower Magazine. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
- BURGESS, RICHARD R. (9 October 2014). "Paxton: Special MAGTFs Are "Feet Dry" for Lack of Amphibs". Seapower Magazine. Retrieved 9 October 2014.
- White, Garrett (8 June 2015). "U.S. Marines conduct TRAP readiness exercise". USMC. Retrieved 8 June 2015.
- Harkins, Gina (13 April 2015). "Marines set for new mission in troubled Central America". Marine Corps Times. Gannett. Retrieved 13 April 2015.
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