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Sphincterochila candidissima viva 01.jpg
A lateral view of a live individual ofSphincterochila candidissima
Sphincterochila candidissima viva 02.jpg
A dorsal view of a live Sphincterochila candidissima
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
informal group Sigmurethra
Superfamily: Helicoidea
Family: Sphincterochilidae
Subfamily: Sphincterochilinae
Genus: Sphincterochila
Ancey, 1887[1]

Sphincterochila is a genus of air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod molluscs in the family Sphincterochilidae.

Sphincterochila is the type genus of the family Sphincterochilidae.[2]

Species in the genus Sphincterochila are arid-adapted (adapted to living in very dry conditions).


Species in the genus Sphincterochila include:

Subgenus Albea Pallary, 1910[3][4]

Subgenus Sphincterochila Ancey, 1887 sensu stricto - synonym: subgenus Rima Pallary, 1910[4]

Subgenus ?

Comparison of apertural views of shells of five Sphincterochila species:


  1. ^ Ancey C. F. (1887). "Description of new genera or sub-genera of Helicidae". (Continued). The Conchologists’ Exchange 2(2): 22-23.
  2. ^ Bouchet P.; Rocroi J.-P.; Frýda J.; Hausdorf B.; Ponder W.; Valdés Á. & Warén A. (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia: International Journal of Malacology. Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks. 47 (1-2): 1–397. ISBN 3-925919-72-4. ISSN 0076-2997. 
  3. ^ Pallary P. M. (1910). "Les Calcarina du Nord-Ouest de l’Afrique". Abhandlungen der senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft 32(Festschrift Kobelt): 101-111, page 111.
  4. ^ a b c d e Abbes I., Nouira S. & Neubert E. (2011). "Sphincterochilidae from Tunisia, with a note on the subgenus Rima Pallary, 1910 (Gastropoda, Pulmonata)". Zookeys 151: 1–15. doi:10.3897/zookeys.151.2264.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Species in genus Sphincterochila (n=6). AnimalBase, accessed 10 April 2009.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y SPHINCTEROCHILIDAE. page 1 and page 2, Femorale, accessed 25 June 2011.
  7. ^ Steinberger Y. (1991). "Biology of Arid region Soils – Faunal Components". In J. Skujins. Semiarid Lands and Deserts: Soil Resource and Reclamation. Books in soils, plants and the environment. New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc. p. 187. ISBN 0-8247-8388-3. 
  8. ^ Shachak M.; Orr Y.; Steinberger Y. (1975). "Field observations on the natural history of Sphincterochila (S.) zonata (Bourguignat, 1853) (= S. boissieri Charpentier, 1847)". Argamon: Israel Journal of Malacology. Israel Malacology Society and Municipal Malacology Museum: Nahariya. 5 (1–4): 20–46. ISSN 0334-326X. 

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