Spiringen

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Spiringen
Spiringen-Dorf.jpg
Coat of arms of Spiringen
Coat of arms
Spiringen is located in Switzerland
Spiringen
Spiringen
Spiringen is located in Canton of Uri
Spiringen
Spiringen
Coordinates: 46°52′N 8°44′E / 46.867°N 8.733°E / 46.867; 8.733Coordinates: 46°52′N 8°44′E / 46.867°N 8.733°E / 46.867; 8.733
Country Switzerland
Canton Uri
District n.a.
Area[1]
 • Total 64.73 km2 (24.99 sq mi)
Elevation 923 m (3,028 ft)
Population (Dec 2015[2])
 • Total 846
 • Density 13/km2 (34/sq mi)
Postal code 6464
SFOS number 1218
Surrounded by Bürglen, Glarus Süd (GL), Muotathal (SZ), Schattdorf, Unterschächen[3]
Website www.spiringen.ch
SFSO statistics

Spiringen is a village and a municipality in the canton of Uri in Switzerland. The municipality comprises two disjoint areas, separated by the municipality of Unterschächen and the Klausen Pass. The western area includes the village of Spiringen in the Schächen Valley, whilst the eastern area includes the Urnerboden alp above Linthal and the canton of Glarus.[3]

Geography[edit]

Spiringen has an area, as of 2006, of 64.7 km2 (25.0 sq mi). This area is split into two parts, with the slightly smaller part around the village of Spiringen in the valley of the Schächen, which drains westward towards the Reuss and Lake Lucerne. This part is surrounded by the municipalities of Bürglen and Schattdorf to the north and west, and the municipality of Unterschächen to the east and south. Some 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) away, on the eastern side of Unterschächen and the Klausen Pass, is the second and larger part of the municipality. This comprises the Urnerboden meadows, and drains eastward into the Linth and Lake Zürich. Besides Unterschächen to its west, this part is surrounded on its north by the municipality of Muotathal in the canton of Schwyz, and on its south and east by the municipality of Glarus Süd in the canton of Glarus.[3][4]

Of the total area of the municipality, 37.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 17.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.4% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (43.5%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains). In the 1997 land survey, 11.7% of the total land area was heavily forested, while 3.2% is covered in small trees and shrubbery. Of the agricultural land, 0.0% is used for farming or pastures, while 8.5% is used for orchards or vine crops and 29.0% is used for alpine pastures. Of the settled areas, 0.5% is covered with buildings, and 0.7% is transportation infrastructure. Of the unproductive areas, 0.1% is unproductive standing water (ponds or lakes), 0.9% is unproductive flowing water (rivers), 32.6% is too rocky for vegetation, and 10.0% is other unproductive land.[4][5]

Demographics[edit]

Spiringen has a population (as of 31 December 2015) of 846.[6] As of 2007, 0.9% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -11.6%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (99.8%), with Italian being second most common ( 0.2%) and Sd being third (gdsD%).[4] As of 2007 the gender distribution of the population was 51.8% male and 48.2% female.[7]

In the 2007 federal election the FDP party received 91.3% of the vote.[4]

In Spiringen about 37% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Spiringen has an unemployment rate of 0.34%. As of 2005, there were 194 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 88 businesses involved in this sector. 38 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 8 businesses in this sector. 78 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 19 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[8]

year population
1970 946
1980 943
1990 921
2000 963
2005 943
2007 909

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  3. ^ a b c map.geo.admin.ch (Map). Swiss Confederation. Retrieved 21 April 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 9 September 2009
  5. ^ Canton Uri - Ground use statistics (German) accessed 8 September 2009
  6. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  7. ^ Uri Population statistics (German) accessed 8 September 2009
  8. ^ Uri in Numbers 2009/10 edition (German) accessed 8 September 2009