St Johns, Worcester
View of St John in Bedwardine Church of England
|St John's shown within Worcestershire|
|Population||8,033 (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Hereford and Worcester|
|EU Parliament||West Midlands|
St John's is a large suburb of Worcester, England, west of the city centre and the River Severn. It became part of the City of Worcester in 1837. The area is locally referred to as the "Village in the City" which is partly due to the area being an independent township before joining the city. Although there is still a strong sense of regional pride and identity within the community it seems that there is no plan to regain independent status.
St John's is a suburb of the City of Worcester, the largest settlement and administrative seat in Worcestershire. It constitutes as one of the 15 wards in the city . The A44 is the road which runs through the area; is the most direct route from City of Worcester to Leominster, Herefordshire.
St John's is roughly 1093.6 yards west from the centre of Worcester and is made up of the area surrounding St John's church, a short part of Bromyard Road, Bransford Road and Bromwich Lane. However, the west of the River Severn is often wholly referred to as St John's, therefore encompassing the University, the county ground and Cripplegate Park.
- 1 Toponymy
- 2 History
- 3 Demography
- 4 Transport
- 5 Geography
- 6 Leisure
- 7 Education
- 8 Sport
- 9 References
- 10 External links
St John's played a role in the English Civil War. The Parliamentary commander Fleetwood forced his way across the River Teme, to the south of the parish and successfully managed to force his way into St John's, pushing back Royalist forces. Parliamentary soldiers plundered the nearby parish church and set it on fire. The soldiers also used the church walls to sharpen their pikes and even today the scars are still visible on the sandstone. The tower was also used by the soldiers as an observation post, but the spire was shot off by cannon fire, most likely being hit by Cromwell's artillery bombardment on the city,[dubious ] from Red Hill and Perry Wood across the river on the western heights of the city. When the civil war was over, Parliament gave £80 towards its restoration.
St John's Parish was once an independent township having only been part of Worcester since 1837. St John's was able to expand and flourish because of its location on the roads leading from the city centre, westwards into Mid Wales. It was also situated close to the River Severn Bridge which was a very important crossing on the River Severn linking the city to Western areas of the country and other western towns, such as Hereford. This attracted many people to trade and settle in St John's. The parish also provided lodging for Welsh people trading with the city, who were not permitted to sleep on the streets within the city walls. The Parish was allowed its own fayre and bullring, maintaining its independence from the city. The bullring was located on the eastern side of the parish, outside the city walls. In the bullring, cattle were enraged before being slaughtered because this was believed to improve the quality of the meat.[specify]
In recent times, St John's has become home to a large student population, as a result of the increased growth of the University of Worcester. St John's was the first suburb of Worcester to have high rise flats, three of these dominate the St Johns skyline.[when?]. These have recently (May 2015) been subject to a £5,000,000 visual overhaul to improve their aesthetics.
In the 2001 Census it was recorded that 8,033 persons lived in the St John ward of Worcester. At the time that was roughly 8.6% of the city's population. Of this figure just 46.7% were male compared to 53.3% who were female.
Routes towards the city are plentiful with walks through Cripplegate Park via the subway or past the cricket ground and over the River Severn. Alternate routes include the Sabrina Bridge near to the Worcester Arena.
There are many bus stops in St.John's and 3 public buses travel through the area. The main bus route is the 44, which is administered by First Midlands. It takes passengers from Worcestershire County Hall to Malvern, Worcestershire via the centre of the city. The 31, 31b and the 31c travel from the University of Worcester, via the city centre, to Worcestershire Royal Hospital. The 31a makes a similar journey without stopping at the hospital.
St. John's was formerly served by its own railway station, situated on the Malvern and Hereford line. It also served trains on the now defunct branch line to Bromyard. The station was called Henwick Railway Station, and was located on Henwick Road very near to St. Clement's church. It seems unlikely ever to reopen, as a nursing home was constructed on the former site at the beginning of the 21st century. The station was closed on 3 April 1965; the Signal Box and Level Crossing remain.
Centre of the suburb
The heart of the suburb consists of one A road and one B road, the A44 which is known as the Bromyard Road and the B4486 which becomes the B4206 which is known locally as the Malvern Road. The turn onto the B4486 from the A44 if you are coming away from the city is the centre of St.John's. The A44 coming up from New Road is steep ascent. larger buildings include two supermarkets, three high rise apartment buildings, a sports centre, a Catholic church and a Church of England church, a bank, a library, a post office, two dentists, a chiropractic clinic, several barbers, two butchers and many other independent shops.
An important landmark is the Church of St John in Bedwardine which is Church of England.
St John's enjoys a temperate climate with warm summers and mild winters generally. However, the area can experience more extreme weather and flooding around New Road is often a problem. During the winters of 2009–10 and 2010–11 the area experienced prolonged periods of sub-freezing temperatures and heavy snowfalls. The Severn, close to St John's, partially froze over in Worcester during this cold snap. In contrast, Worcester recorded 37 °C (98.6 °F) on 3 August 1990.
|Climate data for Worcester|
|Average high °C (°F)||8
|Average low °C (°F)||3
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||63.2
In 1878 a Public Health Act was passed by the city, declaring that land, now referred to as Cripplegate Park, would become a refuse tip followed by a recreation ground for the enjoyment of the public. In the 1940s a bowling green emerged and it has been maintained to the present day. Along the Bromyard Road there is a bowling alley.
There used to be a house at the park which was an odd shape, almost a circle. It had been a café, a library, issuing ration books and a clinic. It seemed to be the custodian of the park (which used to be its garden and before that its farmland). There was a paddling pool in the garden for the visitors to the park. The house and paddling pool were removed when the high-rise flats were built and the road layout altered.
There are municipal tennis courts at the park and an interactive game.
The Worcester Music Festival is held there in August.
Fountain originally cast in 1858 by Hardy & Padmore and intended to relieve the heat in the market hall. Found to be leaking at a time when the hall needed thousands of pounds to repair it so it wasn't a priority, so after a year's delay and at a cost of £300 it was re-erected in the park. It was restored in 2004 at a cost of £28,000 and the lion masks were replaced.
St.John's is the home to few of Worcestershire's 49 primary schools. The most central of these schools is Our Lady Queen of Peace RC Primary School which was founded in 1971 by the diocese. The uniform's primary colour is purple. There are other primary schools which are scattered around St.John's, though technically situated in Bedwardine and St Clement respectively; these schools are Pitmaston Primary School and St.Clements Primary School.
The only High School in St John's is Christopher Whitehead Language College which was founded in 1983 after a boys school and a girls school merged. It is co-educational and it caters for about 1100 students. The school's status as a language college was granted in 2005. The school has grounds close to the river used for sports but it also uses the state of the art astro turf pitches on its site along with the facilities of the St John's sports centre, which is situated directly next to the school. There are two entrances to the school, one being on the Malvern Road and the other being on the A44.
The University of Worcester was granted University status in 2005. Its original campus, based on the west side of the River Severn, is named St John's Campus. It is likely this is due to its close proximity to the St John's area. The University has many facilities including two full size astro turf pitches for hockey and football. It has around 18,000 alumni which range from undergrduate students to post-graduate students. Its first class science facilities, specifically the Darwin Building, are "cementing the University's status as one of the best learning environments in the UK." Perhaps the University's largest expansion came in 2010 when they opened their Business school in the centre of the city. The school is situated in a Georgian building, formerly the city hospital, where the British Medical Association was founded. Next door to this £100m investment is the Hive which is Europe's first University and Public library. It was opened by the Queen in 2012.
Worcestershire County Cricket Club
Worcestershire County Cricket Club has been a part of the St John's community since 1896 when they first played at New Road, the ground that they still use today. Although in recent years success on the pitch has been limited the club has a rich history and has been home to many great crickets such as Graham Hick, Basil D'Oliveira, Ian Botham, Kadeer Ali and Glenn McGrath. The New Road ground is often flooded in winter by the nearby river, and was severely affected by the floods of July 2007, leading to the cancellation of several matches, and losses that were estimated to take nine years to recoup.
Elton John played a concert at the ground in 2006.
In May 2000 Roger Clarke and Mick Donovan announced the formation of the Wolves franchise to play at the University of Worcester's brand new £2.5 million 'state of the art' Sports Hall. 12 years later and the club is now part of the top division in British Basketball. The club's development has largely been down to the development of the University of Worcester but its fan base is spread across the city. Many of these fans are based in St John's due to the teams involvement with local schools from early on in the club's existence. Players from the first team would run after school basketball sessions at schools such as Olbury Park Primary School and OLQP. This resulted in many students going to see their coaches playing at the University of Worcester where the Wolves are based. A new million pound development by the riverside was constructed in 2012. It is called the Worcester Arena and it has a capacity of 1,500. As of the 2013/2014 season it will be the location of the Worcester Wolves's home games.
Worcester St Johns Cycling Club
In 1888 Worcester St Johns Cycling Club was founded. The club has always been a racing club and from early on it had success; Ernest Payne joined the club in 1903 and went on to win an Olympic Gold Medal at the London Games in 1908.
Oldbury Park Tigers
Oldbury Park Tigers FC is a community football club which operates many different youth teams across the city. Its creation came about in 2001 when a group of parents and students from Oldbury Park Primary School set up the team. Since its foundation it has grown into an organisation with 11 teams and over 140 players. It is currently sponsored by The Co-operative which has a supermarket in St John's.
St John's Sports Centre
In September 2008 the Sports Centre was opened on the Malvern Road in St John's. It cost £4,000,000 (roughly $6435600 US Dollars) and it is used frequently by the local residents.
- 4 court Sports Hall with under floor heating
- Air conditioned Harpers Fitness Suite (56 stations with 42 IFI accredited pieces of equipment)
- Air conditioned Dance Studio with sprung wooden floor
- Multi purpose room with under floor heating
- Two floodlit outdoor 5-a-side 3G All Weather Pitches
- St Johns Worcester properties, Nestoria, UK.
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