Stanene is a topological insulator, theoretically predicted by Prof. Shoucheng Zhang's group at Stanford, which may display dissipationless currents[clarification needed] at its edges near room temperature. It is composed of tin atoms arranged in a single layer, in a manner similar to graphene. Stanene got its name by combining stannum (the Latin name for tin) with the suffix -ene used by graphene. Research is ongoing in Germany and China, as well as at laboratories at Stanford and UCLA. Recent report of synthesis and study of optical properties of Stanene has been claimed by Nanostructures Engineering and MOdelling (NEMO) group at the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay.
The addition of fluorine atoms to the tin lattice could extend the operating temperature up to 100 °C. This would make it practical for use in integrated circuits to make smaller, faster and more energy efficient computers.
Other topological semi/superconducting materials, substances and structures
- 2D+ topological (2D planar, "mono-layer", and 3D, "stacked layers" - double, three- or "multi-layers" )
..and others elements-based *ene´s
- 3D-topological (aerographite, aerogels, foams, and "aero-ish´, foam-ish substances (fabric) too)
- Possible ´interconnections´ with "Terahertz physics" :
- Topological insulator
- Topological semiconductor
- Topological superconductor
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- Stanene: Atomically Thick Free-standing Layer of 2D Hexagonal Tin, May 20, 2015
- "Will 2-D Tin be the Next Super Material?" (Press release). Stanford University: SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. November 21, 2013.
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