Stanisław Kania

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Stanisław Kania
Poseł Stanisław Kania IX kadencja.jpg
First Secretary of the Polish United Workers' Party
In office
6 September 1980 – 18 October 1981
Preceded byEdward Gierek
Succeeded byWojciech Jaruzelski
Personal details
Born (1927-03-08) 8 March 1927 (age 91)
Wrocanka, Poland
NationalityPolish
Political partyPolish United Workers' Party

Stanisław Kania (Polish pronunciation: [staˈɲiswaf ˈkaɲa]; born 8 March 1927)[1] is a former Polish communist politician.

Life and career[edit]

Kania joined the Polish Workers' Party in 1945 when the Germans were driven out by the Red Army and Polish Communists began to take control of the country. After Edward Gierek was forced to resign as General Secretary amidst much social and economic unrest, Kania was elected his successor on 6 September 1980. He admitted that the party had made many economic mistakes, and advocated working with Catholic and trade unionist opposition groups. He met with Solidarity Union leader Lech Wałęsa, and other critics of the party. He was succeeded by Prime Minister Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski.[2] In 2012, he was tried for his role in the martial law crackdown in 1981, but acquitted.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Profile of Stanisław Kania
  2. ^ Sebetsyen, Victor (2009). Revolution 1989: The Fall of the Soviet Empire. New York City: Pantheon Books. ISBN 0-375-42532-2.
  3. ^ https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-16530192
Party political offices
Preceded by
Edward Gierek
General Secretary of the Polish United Workers' Party
1980-1981
Succeeded by
Wojciech Jaruzelski