Stanton St Bernard
|Stanton St Bernard|
Corner Cottage, The Street
|Population||189 (in 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Dorset and Wiltshire|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
Evidence of prehistoric activity in the area includes earthworks on Mill Hill. The Wansdyke early medieval earthwork crosses the north of the parish. The boundaries of the parish were defined in Saxon times and remain largely unchanged.
The Domesday Book of 1086 recorded 46 households at Stantone, held by Wilton Abbey, and the manor continued to be held by the abbey until its dissolution in 1539. The manor was granted to Sir William Herbert in 1544, who was created Earl of Pembroke in 1551, and the estate remained with the Pembrokes until 1917. Tenants of the demesne farm included the Prater family. Anthony Prater (1545-1583) was subject to litigation for extortion and was excommunicated from the Catholic church.
Population of the parish peaked in the late 19th century, with 371 recorded at the 1871 census and 373 in 1891, then declined throughout the 20th century.
A church, which became the parish church of All Saints, was first mentioned in 1267. The tower was added in the 15th century, then in 1832 all except the tower was rebuilt in Gothic style; a further rebuilding of the chancel became necessary in 1859.
The civil parish elects a parish council. All significant local government services are provided by Wiltshire Council, with its headquarters in Trowbridge, and the parish is represented there by Paul Oatway. Its Member of Parliament is Claire Perry, Member for Devizes.
- "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
- Historic England. "Earthwork enclosure on Milk Hill (1004735)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
- "Victoria County History - Wiltshire - Vol 10 - Parishes: Stanton St. Bernard". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
- Stanton in the Domesday Book
- "Anthony Thomas Prater (GENT)". Prater / Prather Genealogy. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
- Historic England. "Manor Farmhouse (1033725)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
- Historic England. "Mill Farmhouse (1193907)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
- Historic England. "Church Farmhouse (1033724)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
- "All Saints, Stanton St. Bernard". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
- Historic England. "Church of All Saints (1365968)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
Media related to Stanton St Bernard at Wikimedia Commons