Stanton St Bernard

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Stanton St Bernard
The Street, Stanton St Bernard - geograph.org.uk - 846466.jpg
Corner Cottage, The Street
Stanton St Bernard is located in Wiltshire
Stanton St Bernard
Stanton St Bernard
Stanton St Bernard shown within Wiltshire
Population 189 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid reference SU093623
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Marlborough
Postcode district SN8
Dialling code 01672
Police Wiltshire
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
Website Parish
List of places
UK
England
WiltshireCoordinates: 51°21′36″N 1°52′05″W / 51.360°N 1.868°W / 51.360; -1.868

Stanton St Bernard is a village and civil parish in the Vale of Pewsey, Wiltshire, England. Its nearest town is Devizes, about 6 miles (10 km) away to the west.

The parish is tall and narrow, extending north onto the Marlborough Downs where it includes Milk Hill, the highest point in Wiltshire.

History[edit]

Evidence of prehistoric activity in the area includes earthworks on Mill Hill.[2] The Wansdyke early medieval earthwork crosses the north of the parish. The boundaries of the parish were defined in Saxon times and remain largely unchanged.[3]

The Domesday Book of 1086 recorded 46 households at Stantone, held by Wilton Abbey,[4] and the manor continued to be held by the abbey until its dissolution in 1539.[3] The manor was granted to Sir William Herbert in 1544, who was created Earl of Pembroke in 1551, and the estate remained with the Pembrokes until 1917.[3] Tenants of the demesne farm included the Prater family. Anthony Prater (1545-1583) was subject to litigation for extortion and was excommunicated from the Catholic church.[3][5]

The manor house[6] and Mill Farmhouse (a former watermill)[7] are from the 17th century; Church Farmhouse is from the late 18th.[8]

The Kennet and Avon Canal was built through the parish in 1807.[3] The wharf at Honeystreet, just over the eastern boundary, served the area.

A small school was built in 1849, next to the church. It closed in 1970 and the children transferred to the school at Woodborough; the building became the village hall.[3]

Population of the parish peaked in the late 19th century, with 371 recorded at the 1871 census and 373 in 1891, then declined throughout the 20th century.[1]

Religious sites[edit]

A church, which became the parish church of All Saints, was first mentioned in 1267.[3] The tower was added in the 15th century, then in 1832 all except the tower was rebuilt in Gothic style; a further rebuilding of the chancel became necessary in 1859.[9][10]

Scholarly vicars of Stanton St Bernard include Robert Parker (from 1594) and Nathaniel Stephens (1604).

A Wesleyan Methodist chapel was built in 1841 and closed in the early 20th century.[3]

Governance[edit]

The civil parish elects a parish council. All significant local government services are provided by Wiltshire Council, with its headquarters in Trowbridge, and the parish is represented there by Paul Oatway. Its Member of Parliament is Claire Perry, Member for Devizes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  2. ^ Historic England. "Earthwork enclosure on Milk Hill (1004735)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Victoria County History - Wiltshire - Vol 10 - Parishes: Stanton St. Bernard". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  4. ^ Stanton in the Domesday Book
  5. ^ "Anthony Thomas Prater (GENT)". Prater / Prather Genealogy. Retrieved 25 August 2016. 
  6. ^ Historic England. "Manor Farmhouse (1033725)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  7. ^ Historic England. "Mill Farmhouse (1193907)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  8. ^ Historic England. "Church Farmhouse (1033724)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  9. ^ "All Saints, Stanton St. Bernard". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  10. ^ Historic England. "Church of All Saints (1365968)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Stanton St Bernard, Wiltshire at Wikimedia Commons