StarForce

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StarForce
TypeCopy protection
Websitewww.star-force.com

StarForce Technologies is a Russian software developer with headquarters in Moscow.

The main activities: information security, protection against unauthorized copying, modification and analysis (decompilation).

Security[edit]

When StarForce 3.0 was released, it initially provided extremely strong protection - the StarForce 3.0-protected game Splinter Cell: Chaos Theory was uncracked for 424 days.[1] It also marked a significant step up in the effort required to reverse engineer it.[2]

In March 2006 the warez group RELOADED released a vast array of documentation about how StarForce 3 works. Alongside many technical details, it revealed how several resource-intensive procedures were implemented, such as virtual file system and functions protected within a complex virtual machine.[3][4]

Driver installation[edit]

StarForce 3.0 has received criticism for installing its own device driver onto computers along with the protected product,[5] which is generally not uninstalled along with the software[citation needed] (Peter Jackson's King Kong being one exception). Colin McRae: DIRT, however, both asks the player for permission to install the drivers and includes a help file with information on how to remove them.

Lite[edit]

StarForce 3.0 drivers are installed with certain older game demos, freeware and downloadable games, like TrackMania Nations. Their presence is intended to prevent crackers from using demo executables to help break retail executables (as the two will usually be quite similar).

Driverless[edit]

Currently (May 2014) the use of StarForce solutions became much easier for end users due to "driverless" security technology and binding to a computer. The company also is developing cloud services to protect content and e-mail that are designed to simplify the process of information protection used in everyday life.

Clients[edit]

StarForce’s customers include Russian Railways, Corel, 1C, Mail.ru, Aeroflot, SUN InBev Russia, AMD Labs, ATC International, MediaHouse, Russobit M, New Disc, Buka, Snowball, 2Play, GFI, CENEGA, Akella.[citation needed]

Community response[edit]

Some gamers have advocated boycotts of games or publishers known to use StarForce.[6] These gamers claim that StarForce software causes system instability and crashes, and that Protection Technology refuses to address the damage their software causes. In 2006, a $5 million lawsuit was filed against Ubisoft for using StarForce in their games on the allegations that StarForce compromises PC security,[7] slows down PCs, causes crashes and even damages optical drives.[8] However, the case was dropped two years later due to lack of evidence.[8]

Ubisoft decided to investigate the extent of the StarForce boycott and ran a poll on their forums, the outcome of which was against the use of StarForce.[9] As a result, (along with general discontent on the web[10][11]), in Heroes of Might and Magic V and GTR2, StarForce 3.0 was replaced by SecuROM.

Removal of StarForce drivers[edit]

Uninstalling a StarForce-protected game does not remove the StarForce driver from the system. The StarForce SDK provides functions for implementors to remove the driver during uninstall of the game, but is not automatically carried out. An official utility program exists to remove the StarForce driver from the system.[12] The program is hosted at a third-party website with a link on the official StarForce website.[13] Instructions for manual removal have also been provided by the community.[14]

Starting from StarForce 4.0 it includes a removal service. This service automatically uninstalls StarForce drivers after StarForce protected product is uninstalled. After the drivers are uninstalled, the service uninstalls itself as well.

Controversy[edit]

On January 1, 2006, Boing Boing claimed that StarForce was malware, mentioning several problems claimed to be associated with the protection system, including disk drive performance degradation and weakening of operating system security and stability.[15] Tweakguides subsequently countered Boing Boing's claim, stating that there is no evidence of StarForce doing anything harmful.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Todd Ciolek (2009-06-16). "Interview: The Return Of... StarForce?". Gamasutra. Everybody remembers Ubisoft’s Splinter Cell: Chaos Theory. It held for 422 days without a piracy crack. This world record for AAA-class games is still unbeaten and no other solutions managed to make a game last longer.
  2. ^ "StarForce Game Copy Protections". GameBurnWorld. Retrieved 2010-03-12. StarForce Professional v3.0 has been released recently and there is no known way to successfully backup games protected with this version.
  3. ^ http://www.glop.org/files/rld-sfrt.rar
  4. ^ "STARFORCE.RE.TOOLS.READNFO-RELOADED". scenenotice.org. 2006-03-29. Here is our little contribution to the reverse-engineering community.
  5. ^ Nate Anderson. "Is your game's copy protection system frying your machine?". Ars Technica.
  6. ^ "Boycott StarForce website".
  7. ^ "$5M Class Action Lawsuit Against Ubisoft for Starforce".
  8. ^ a b c "PC Game Piracy Examined: Page 9".
  9. ^ Smith, Luke (2006-04-14). "Ubisoft Drops StarForce DRM". Extremetech.com. Retrieved 2010-04-14.
  10. ^ "Starforce software removed from TrackMania: United".
  11. ^ "Ubisoft Dumps Starforce (Note the heated commentary following the actual story)".
  12. ^ "StarForce Drivers Removal". Retrieved 2008-04-03. StarForce ... has granted a sole right to distribute the StarForce Removal Tool utility to www.onlinesecurity-on.com.
  13. ^ "Official driver removal page".
  14. ^ "How can I get rid of StarForce?". Retrieved 2008-04-03.
  15. ^ "Anti-copying malware installs itself with dozens of games". Boing Boing. Archived from the original on 2008-12-24. Retrieved 2010-04-14.

External links[edit]