Starokostiantyniv

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Starokostiantyniv

Старокостянтинів

אלט-קאָנסטאַנטין Alt Konstantin
Starokonstantynów / Konstantynów
City
Skyline of Starokostiantyniv
Flag of Starokostiantyniv
Flag
Official seal of Starokostiantyniv
Seal
Starokostiantyniv is located in Khmelnytskyi Oblast
Starokostiantyniv
Starokostiantyniv
Location of Starokostiantyniv in Ukraine
Starokostiantyniv is located in Ukraine
Starokostiantyniv
Starokostiantyniv
Starokostiantyniv (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 49°45′14″N 27°13′13″E / 49.75389°N 27.22028°E / 49.75389; 27.22028
Country Ukraine
Oblast Khmelnytskyi Oblast
RaionStarokostiantyniv Raion
Founded1561
Area
 • Total40 km2 (20 sq mi)
Elevation
265 m (869 ft)
Population
(2014)
 • Total35,104
Websitehttp://starkon.km.ua/

Starokostiantyniv (Ukrainian: Старокостянтинів; Polish: Starokonstantynów, or Konstantynów; Yiddish: אלט-קאָנסטאַנטיןAlt Konstantin) is a city in the Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. Serving as the administrative center of the Starokostiantyniv Raion (district), the city itself is also designated as a separate raion within the oblast. The city has a population of 34,700 (2007).

History[edit]

Historical affiliations

Grand Duchy of Lithuania 1525–1569
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1569–1793
 Russian Empire 1793–1917
Ukrainian People's Republic / Republic of Poland 1917-1920
Soviet Ukraine 1920–1922
 Soviet Union 1922–1991
 Nazi Germany 1941–1944 (occupation)
 Ukraine 1991–present

Starokostyantyniv was founded in the 16th century when Konstanty Ostrogski built a fortress at the village of Kolishchentsi. The surviving Starokostiantyniv Castle was constructed by his son between 1561 and 1571. The village grew into a town which became known as "Old Constantine's Town" (Kostiantyniv Staryi) to prevent confusion with "New Constantine's Town" in the vicinity. It became a private town of Poland, owned by the Ostrogski family. It was part of Polish Volhynian Voivodeship. 1648 saw the Battle of Starokostiantyniv.

In 1939, 6,743 Jews were living in the city, accounting for 31 percent of the total population. The Jewish community was murdered in mass executions perpetrated from August 1941 until November 1942.

Notable residents[edit]

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°45′20″N 27°13′15″E / 49.75556°N 27.22083°E / 49.75556; 27.22083