Starr sting pain scale

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The Starr sting pain scale was created by the entomologist Christopher Starr as a scale to compare the overall pain of hymenopteran stings on a four-point scale, an expansion of the "pain index" originally created by Justin Schmidt.[1][2] 1 is the lowest pain rating; 4 is the highest.

Scale[edit]

Rating Insects
1.0 Southern fire ant (Solenopsis xyloni)
2.0 Honeybee, Africanized bee, bumble-bee, yellow-jacket ("common wasp")
3.0 Velvet ant, paper wasp
4.0 Tarantula hawk (Pepsis wasp), bullet ant (Paraponera clavata)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Evans, David L. (1990). "Table 14.1". Insect Defenses: Adaptive Mechanisms and Strategies of Prey and Predators. ISBN 0-88706-896-0.
  • Tom Turpin On Six Legs "Insects Bite and Sting for Good Reasons "
  • David B. Williams DesertUSA "Tarantula Hawks"

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Starr, C.K. (1985). "A simple pain scale for field comparison of Hymenopteran stings" (PDF). Journal of Entomological Science. 20 (2): 225–231.
  2. ^ Hoyt, E.; Schultz, T., eds. (2002). Insect Lives, Stories of Mystery and Romance from a Hidden World. Wiley. ISBN 978-0-471-28277-8.

External links[edit]