Starr sting pain scale
|Starr sting pain scale|
|Purpose||compare the overall pain of hymenopteran stings|
The Starr sting pain scale was created by the entomologist Christopher Starr as a scale to compare the overall pain of hymenopteran stings on a four-point scale, an expansion of the "pain index" originally created by Justin Schmidt. 1 is the lowest pain rating; 4 is the highest.
|1.0||Southern fire ant (Solenopsis xyloni)|
|2.0||Honeybee, Africanized bee, Bumblebee, Yellowjacket ("Common wasp")|
|3.0||Velvet ant, Paper wasp|
|4.0||Tarantula hawk (Pepsis grossa), Bullet ant (Paraponera clavata), Synoeca septentrionalis|
- Dol scale to measure pain
- Irukandji syndrome, a jellyfish sting-induced condition
- Pain scale
- Schmidt sting pain index by Justin O. Schmidt
- Scoville scale to measure the hotness of a chili pepper
- Evans, David L. (1990). "Table 14.1". Insect Defenses: Adaptive Mechanisms and Strategies of Prey and Predators. ISBN 0-88706-896-0.
- Tom Turpin On Six Legs "Insects Bite and Sting for Good Reasons "
- David B. Williams DesertUSA "Tarantula Hawks"
- Starr, C.K. (1985). "A simple pain scale for field comparison of Hymenopteran stings" (PDF). Journal of Entomological Science. 20 (2): 225–231.
- Hoyt, E.; Schultz, T., eds. (2002). Insect Lives, Stories of Mystery and Romance from a Hidden World. Wiley. ISBN 978-0-471-28277-8.
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