|Internet protocol suite|
9P (or the Plan 9 Filesystem Protocol or Styx) is a network protocol developed for the Plan 9 from Bell Labs distributed operating system as the means of connecting the components of a Plan 9 system. Files are key objects in Plan 9. They represent windows, network connections, processes, and almost anything else available in the operating system. Unlike NFS, 9P encourages caching and serving synthetic files (e.g., /proc to represent processes).
9P was revised for the 4th edition of Plan 9 under the name 9P2000 that contained various fundamental improvements. The latest version of the Inferno operating system also uses 9P2000. The Inferno file protocol was originally called Styx, but technically it has always been a variant of 9P.
A server implementation of 9P for Unix, called u9fs, is included in the Plan 9 distribution. A kernel client driver for Linux is part of the v9fs project. 9P and its derivatives have also found application in embedded environments, such as the Styx on a Brick project.
Many of Plan 9's applications take the form of 9P file servers. Examples include:
- acme: a text editor/development environment
- rio: the Plan 9 windowing system
- plumber: interprocess communication
- ftpfs: an FTP client which presents the files and directories on a remote FTP server in the local namespace
- wikifs: a wiki editing tool which presents a remote wiki as files in the local namespace
- webfs: a file server that retrieves data from URLs and presents the contents and details of responses as files in the local namespace
- Negotiate protocol version
- Return an error
- Abort a message
- auth, attach
- Messages to establish a connection
- Descend a directory hierarchy
- create, open
- Prepare a fid for I/O on an existing or new file
- read, write
- Transfer data from and to a file
- Forget about a fid
- Remove a file from a server
- stat, wstat
- Inquire or change file attributes
- v9fs - u9fs: 9P implementation for Unix-like operating systems
- IL Protocol - Transport protocol that was designed for 9P in local area networks.
- distributed file system