Sublative case

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The term sublative case (abbreviated SUBL) is used to refer to grammatical cases expressing different situations: In Hungarian and Finnish (rarely used),[1] it expresses the destination of the movement, originally to the surface of something (e.g. sit down on the ground, climb the tree), but in other figurative meanings as well (e.g. to university, for two nights), or into a language, while in Tsez and other Northeast Caucasian languages it denotes a movement towards the bottomsides or the area under an object. The sublative case is used in the Finnish, Tsez and Hungarian languages.

Hungarian[edit]

In Hungarian the suffix "-re" or "-ra" denotes the sublative. It can be used like "onto" but also in more abstract cases for flat areas (cities, airports).[2] For example:

  • hajó-ra (onto the boat)
  • Budapest-re megyek (I am going to Budapest)
  • repülőtér-re (to the airport)

Finnish[edit]

Examples in Finnish:

  • minne - where to?
  • jonne - where? (relative pronoun)
  • moniaalle - to many places
  • kaikkialle - to everywhere

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mäkinen, Panu. "Finnish Grammar - Adverbial Cases". users.jyu.fi. University of Jyväskylä. Retrieved 6 March 2015. 
  2. ^ "Hungarian Sublative case: -ra -re [HungarianReference.com > Grammar > Nouns > Sublative: -ra/re]". www.hungarianreference.com. Retrieved 2017-03-11.