Succinea costaricana

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Succinea costaricana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia

clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
clade Elasmognatha

Superfamily: Succineoidea
Family: Succineidae
Genus: Succinea
Species: S. costaricana
Binomial name
Succinea costaricana
von Martens, 1898

Succinea costaricana is a species of air-breathing land snail, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusc in the family Succineidae, the amber snails.


The distribution of this species is Neotropical and includes:[1]


Succinea costaricana usually lives under leaf litter.

Human importance[edit]

Succinea costaricana is quarantine pest, which damages ornamental plants.[1] In 1992, an estimated population density at an ornamental plant farm growing Dracaena in Limón Province, Costa Rica, was 282,900 snails per ha.[1]

It was scarce in the rainforest, when they cleared the forest for crops, and eliminated their predators and parasites, the population exploded. Is considered one of the few successful cases in the control of a mollusc pest, since changes in the cultivation techniques ended with it.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Villalobos M. C., Monge-Nájera J., Barrientos Z. & Franco J. (1995). "Life cycle and field abundance of the snail Succinea costaricana (Stylommatophora: Succineidae), a tropical pest". Revista de Biología Tropical 43: 181-188. PDF.