The Suleman octuplets are six male and two female children conceived via in vitro fertilization (IVF) and subsequently born to Nadya Suleman on January 26, 2009, in Bellflower, California. They currently reside in La Habra, California. They are only the second full set of octuplets to be born alive in the United States and, having survived more than a week, surpassed the previous worldwide survival-rate for a complete set of octuplets set by the Chukwu octuplets of 1998. The extremely controversial circumstances of their high order multiple birth has led to debate in the field of assisted reproductive technology as well as an investigation by the Medical Board of California of the fertility specialist involved, regarding the transfer of twelve embryos at once.
Suleman's octuplets were conceived by in-vitro fertilization (IVF), conducted by Dr. Michael Kamrava. Suleman claimed to have requested implantation of six embryos that she had accumulated from previous IVF treatments, despite being informed that the recommended guideline limit for a woman her age was three. She stated she wanted all six transferred, as they were all that remained from previous harvest cycles, and she neither wanted to destroy them nor continue paying for their frozen storage. A subsequent Medical Board of California investigation revealed that 29 embryos remained in frozen storage, nevertheless, Suleman underwent a fresh embryo transfer cycle, and Dr. Kamrava transferred twelve fresh blastocysts into Ms. Suleman at her request. The mother's health and gestational status were followed from her first trimester.
The delivery, via a scheduled Caesarean section, involved 46 medical personnel, and was practiced twice beforehand at the Kaiser Permanente hospital in Bellflower, California. Suleman carried the babies to 31 weeks. Doctors anticipated seven babies, so the eighth came as a surprise. Born over the course of five minutes, all eight babies were immediately reported in stable condition, though two required intubation and a ventilator, and another required extra oxygen.
The babies' names are Noah, Maliyah, Isaiah, Nariyah, Jonah, Makai, Josiah, and Jeremiah. Suleman has stated that she chose pseudo-biblical names and gave all eight the middle name Angel, and that their surname would be Solomon, after the biological father.
The following data from Kaiser Permanente indicates their birth order, birth time, weight, and given name at the time of discharge:
|Baby order||Time of birth||Sex||Birth weight||Name|
|A||10:43 a.m.||Boy||2 lb 11 oz (1.2 kg)||Noah|
|B||10:44 a.m.||Girl||2 lb 12 oz (1.2 kg)||Maliyah|
|C||10:45 a.m.||Boy||3 lb 4 oz (1.5 kg)||Isaiah|
|D||10:45 a.m.||Girl||2 lb 8 oz (1.1 kg)||Nariyah|
|E||10:46 a.m.||Boy||1 lb 8 oz (0.68 kg)||Jonah|
|F||10:47 a.m.||Boy||2 lb 12 oz (1.2 kg)||McCai|
|G||10:47 a.m.||Boy||1 lb 15 oz (0.88 kg)||Josiah|
|H||10:48 a.m.||Boy||2 lb 11 oz (1.2 kg)||Jeremiah|
Baby C (Isaiah) was the largest of the children at 3 lbs, 4 oz, and Baby H (Jeremiah) had been "hiding from the ultrasound".
Two days after birth, five of the eight infants received their first tube-feeding of donated breast milk. Josiah rejected his first tube-feeding and was returned to intravenous feeding, as his stomach was unable to absorb breast milk. At that time, three of the other infants had been fed intravenously since birth, and had yet to receive their first tube-feeding.
Six days after birth, all eight babies were breathing without assistance, and were being fed donated breast milk, as well as intravenous nutritional supplements. A hospital spokesman said the octuplets were expected to remain in the hospital for several more weeks.
One week after birth, the Suleman octuplets became the longest-living octuplets in United States history, as the smallest of the Chukwu octuplets born in Houston in 1998 died seven days after birth. Suleman set the Guinness World Record for Most Children Delivered At Birth To Survive.
Ten days after the birth of her octuplets, Suleman was released from the hospital. In her February 5, 2009, interview, Suleman stated that she holds each of the octuplets for 45 minutes a day, holding the smallest, a son named Jonah (born at 1 lb., 8 oz.) the longest.
The hospital where the octuplets were expected to spend seven to twelve weeks requested significant reimbursement from Medi-Cal, the state's Medicaid program, for care of the eight premature babies.
Suleman's mother stated that a single sperm donor named David Suleman was used to produce the octuplets as well as her daughter's previous six children. Suleman stated that she dated David once, but realized after that she only wanted him to father her children and not pursue any relationship with him. The octuplets' grandfather and others have accused Suleman of making up a fictitious David Solomon as she had used the name for the father on birth certificates of her other children, but with a different birth date.
On the February 23, 2009, edition of ABC's Good Morning America, a man named Denis Beaudoin claimed to be the biological father of Suleman's children. He said they had dated from 1997 to 1999 and that Suleman asked him if he would donate the sperm. Beaudoin requested a paternity test to verify his claim. Suleman denied that he was the donor.
Suleman's ex-husband, Marcos Gutierrez, who divorced Suleman in 2006, also denied being the biological father.
The octuplets' maternal grandfather, 67-year-old Edward Doud Suleman, identifying himself as a former Iraqi military man, said he would be returning to his native Iraq as a translator and driver, in order to financially support his daughter and her fourteen children. Their grandmother, 69-year-old Angela Victoria Suleman, a retired teacher, has helped to look after the first six children. She has indicated that she is overwhelmed looking after them, and has been critical of her daughter in her public statements in 2009. For example, she said that her daughter does not contribute toward housing or food costs.
News of the octuplets caused an international media sensation. Most public response has been negative, including some death threats, which police are investigating. Suleman has even gone into hiding.
There has been much public discussion about Nadya Suleman's decision to implant and give birth to octuplets, including a minor protest outside the Suleman home, though Nadya Suleman was living elsewhere. Many expressed concern that Suleman's decision for more children, despite being unemployed and unmarried, would burden taxpayers via public support.
State Senator Gloria Negrete McLeod introduced legislation to have fertility clinics placed under the jurisdiction of the Medical Board of California. The implantation of twelve embryos in a woman under 35 years of age who already had children raised many controversies and led to calls for legislation to limit the number of simultaneous embryo transfers.
Dr. Kamrava Investigation
The Medical Board of California announced on February 6, 2009, that it was investigating Dr. Kamrava, the physician who transferred the embryos, in an attempt to substantiate if there was a violation of the standard of care. The American Society for Reproductive Medicine expressed interest in assisting the Board in its investigation. Kamrava had also provided fertility treatment to a 49-year-old woman who is uninsured, 5 months pregnant with quadruplets, and hospitalized at Los Angeles County-USC Medical Center, where at least seven embryos were used. In October 2009, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine announced that it had expelled Dr. Michael Kamrava.
In January 2010, charges were filed with the California Medical Board in direct relation to the conception of the octuplets. The complaint also stated that he exercised gross negligence and acted "beyond the reasonable judgment" of any physician and used a number of embryos that "far exceeded" existing guidelines.
On June 1, 2011, the California Board announced that Dr. Kamrava's license would be revoked effective July 1. The charges also include the assertion that fresh, and non frozen, embryos were used each time.
On May 8, 2013, the State Medical Board of Ohio denied Kamrava restoration of his medical license after he filed an appeal to practice there as it was the state where he was educated.
- Chukwu octuplets, born in 1998 in Texas
- McCaughey septuplets, the first set of septuplets to survive infancy
- Dionne quintuplets, the only female identical quintuplets ever recorded
- List of multiple births
- Mohajer, Shaya Tayefe (2009-02-06). "California Medical Board probes octuplet birth". news.yahoo.com. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2009-02-07.
- Mojaher, Shaya Tayefe (2010-01-05). "Octuplets mother defends accused fertility doctor". news.aol.com. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2010-01-08.
- Mojaher, Shaya Tayefe (2011-06-01). "Suleman's fertility doc has license revoked". More health news on NBCNews.com (MSNBC). Associated Press. Retrieved 2012-09-01.
- Yoshino, Kim; Garrison, Jessica; Blankstein, Andrew (2009-02-06). "Octuplets' mother had depression, suicidal thoughts while starting a family". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2009-02-10. Retrieved 2009-08-31.
- "Clinical Excellence - Octuplets Born at Kaiser Permanente Medical Center in Bellflower, Calif.". kp.org. Kaiser Permanente. 2009-04-13. Retrieved 2012-09-01.
- Scruby, Airan (2009-02-10). "Octuplet's mom chooses names". whittierdailynews.com. Whittier Daily News. Retrieved 2009-03-03.
- Celizic, Mike (2009-02-09). "First look: Octuplet mom shows off babies". Today Parenting. NBC News.
- Blue, Taylor (2009-02-10). "First Pictures Of The Octuplet Babies". Knocked Up Celebs.
- Mohajer, Shaya Tayefe (2009-01-28). "One of Calif. octuplets rejects tube feeding". SFGate.com (San Francisco Chronicle). Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2009-02-03. Retrieved 2012-08-31.
- Gardner, David; MacRae, Fiona; Thompson, Paul (2009-01-31). "The eighth wonder: Octuplets' Mom still too weak to hold all eight babies - but they're still doing 'very well'". Mail Online (London: Daily Mail). Retrieved 2012-08-31.
- Dillon, Raquel Maria (2009-01-27). "8 babies born to Calif. parents who expected 7". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2009-01-31.
- Bloomekatz, Ari (2009-02-01). "Suleman octuplets still stable". Los Angeles Times blogs (Los Angeles Times).
- Ricks, Delthia (2009-02-03). "Octuplet birth raises ethical questions". Newsday.com. Archived from the original on 2009-02-05. Retrieved 2009-02-03.
- Rogers, John (2009-02-02). "Octuplets mom gets TV, book offers to tell story". Huffington Post. Associated Press.
- "Most children delivered at a single birth to survive". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 2012-09-01.
- Celizic, Mike (2008-02-06). "Octuplet mom defends her ‘unconventional’ choices". Today Parenting (NBC News). Retrieved 2008-02-12.
- Yoshino, Kimi; Garrison, Jessica (2009-02-05). "Octuplets' mother will talk to NBC's Ann Curry". Los Angeles Times blog. Retrieved 2009-02-05.
- Yoshino, Kimi; Garrison, Jessica (2009-02-11). "Octuplets could be costly for taxpayers". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2009-02-12.
- Connor, Tracy (2009-02-03). "Octuplet mom driven by lonely childhood, babies' grandmother says". New York Daily News.
- "Neighbor: Octuplets From Sperm Donor". momlogic.com. 2009-01-30.
- "Octuplets' Mom: Can She Afford to Raise 14 Kids?". ABC News. 2009-01-31.
- Hedley, Caroline (2009-02-14). "Octuplets mother was celibate for eight years". telegraph.co.uk (London: The Daily Telegraph). Retrieved 2009-03-04.
- "Transcript - Issues with Jane Velez-Mitchell - Criminal Record for Missing Girls' Father?". CNN.com. 2009-02-23.
VELEZ-MITCHELL: Pete Demetrious, we only have a little bit of time, but Nadya has said that this other guy who has just come forward is not the real father. And on some of the birth certificates of four of the six children she had before she had the octuplets she listed a David Solomon, but they had different birth dates for this so-called father. Is David Solomon a real person or a fictional person?line feed character in
DEMETRIOU: Doesn't matter whether he's real or fictional, because the mother is not obligated under law to provide any real data on the parent or the father. Not only that, in the case of a sperm donor, she probably wouldn't know anyway. So she could name David Solomon, John Doe or Chewbacca, for all that we know.
VELEZ-MITCHELL: I'm sure Chewbacca is going to be coming up soon and saying that he donated the sperm.
|quote=at position 404 (help)
- Von Fremd, Mike; Ferran, Lee (2009-02-11). "Supporters Donate to Octuplets' Web Site, California Could Foot Hospital Bill". Good Morning America - Parenting. ABC News.
- Daly, Bridget (2009-02-23). "Nadya Suleman to Lose her House on March 5th". hollyscoop.com. HollyScoop. Retrieved 2009-03-04.
- "Possible octuplet dad demands paternity test". smashits.com. SmasHits. 2009-02-24. Retrieved 2009-03-04.
- Carson, Angela (2009-02-23). "Nadya Suleman & Dennis Beaudoin Battle Over Octuplets, Sperm Donor Wants DNA Test". nationalledger.com. The National Ledger. Retrieved 2009-03-04.
- Lovelace, Dennis (2009-02-23). "Octuplet's Mom Former Boyfriend: Am I the Daddy?". myfoxla.com. KTTV FOX 11, KCOP My13, Los Angeles, CA. Archived from the original on 2009-04-11. Retrieved 2012-08-31.
- Dodd, Johnny (2009-03-03). "Octuplets' Mom's Ex: Those Aren't My Kids". People.com. People.
- Smith, Emily (2009-01-31). "Questions over octuplets". The Sun (London).
- "Octuplets' Family Filed For Bankruptcy". CBS News. 2009-01-30.
- Harlow, John (2009-02-01). "Octuplets’ mother wants Oprah to turn her into a $2m TV star". The Sunday Times. Archived from the original on 2011-06-04.
- Francescani, Chris (2009-02-09). "Octuplet Grandma Calls Daughter 'Unconscionable'". Good Morning America. ABC News. - references Radar Online article "Grandma Blasts Octuplet Mom: "Nadya's Not Capable"". RadarOnline.com. 2009-02-09.
- "Octuplets' Mom "Obsessed" With Having Kids". CBS News. 2009-01-31. Retrieved 2012-09-01.
- "Grandma says mother of 8 obsessed with having kids". CTV News (Bell Media Television). 2009-01-31. Retrieved 2009-02-03.
- Finnigan, David; Montefinise, Angela (2009-02-01). "Obsessed Octo-mom always had a 'born' identity". New York Post. Retrieved 2009-02-03.
- Garrison, Jessica; Yoshino, Kimi (2009-01-31). "Octuplets' mom was hoping for 'just one more girl,' grandmother says". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2012-09-01.
- Rogers, John (2009-02-05). "Veil about to be lifted on octuplets' mystery mom". USA Today. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2009-02-09.
- "LA police to investigate threats to octuplet mom". Associated Press. 2009-02-12.
- Gorman, Steve (2009-02-11). "Threats send California octuplets mom into hiding". Reuters.
- Bates, Karen Grisby (2009-02-06). "Octuplet Mother Remains Target Of Ethical Debate". npr.org. National Public Radio. - radio transcript
- Garrison, Jessica; Yoshino, Kimi; Ho, Catherine (2009-02-07). "Octuplets' birth spawns outrage from public". Los Angeles Times.
- Wigmore, Barry (2009-02-07). "I wanted a huge family to make up for my lonely childhood: Mother of octuplets speaks for the first time". Mail Online. Daily Mail.
- "Taxpayers may have to cover octuplet mom's costs". USA Today. Associated Press. 2009-02-11.
- Demers, Benjamin (2009-03-03). "Proposed legislation would regulate fertility clinics". Whittier Daily News.
- "Medical society probes octuplet fertility doctor". USA Today. Associated Press. 2009-02-11.
- "California Probing Octuplets Case". CBS News. 2009-02-05.
- Mohajer, Shaya Tayefe (2009-02-06). "California Medical Board probes octuplet birth". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2009-02-10. Retrieved 2012-09-01.
- Zarembo, Alan; Garrison, Jessica; Yoshino, Kimi (2009-02-12). "Octuplets fertility doctor at center of another multi-pregnancy". Los Angeles Times Blogs. Los Angeles Times.
- Duke, Alan (2009-10-19). "Medical society boots doctor who did IVF in Suleman octuplets case". CNN.
- "Octomom Defends Doc Against Allegations of Negligence". KTLA News. 2010-01-05.
- Mohajer, Shaya Tayefe (2010-02-03). "Octomom doctor Michael Kamrava accused of negligence". Huffington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved 2012-09-01.
- Rong-Gong Lin II (2011-06-01). "‘Octomom’ doctor's license to be revoked, state medical board rules". Los Angeles Times Blogs (Los Angeles Times). Retrieved 2012-09-01.
- "License Information, G 41227, Michael Kamrava". Medical Board of California License Lookup System. Retrieved 2012-09-01.
- "Dr. Michael Kamrava - Phone & Address Info - Beverly Hills, CA - Fertility & Reproductive Endocrinology & Obstetrics & Gynecology". Healthgrades.com. Retrieved 2013-07-21. - references documents from State Medical Board of Ohio "letter to Dr. Kamrava from State Medical Board of Ohio" (PDF). Healthgrades.com. May 8, 2013.