|Alma mater||Pune University|
Sulochana Gadgil is an Indian meteorologist at the Centre for Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences (CAOS) in Bangalore, India. She has studied the how and why of monsoon, including farming strategies to cope with rainfall variability and modeling ecological and evolutionary phenomena. Her research led to the discovery of a basic feature of the sub-seasonal variation in the monsoon cloud bands.  She demonstrated that the monsoon is not a gigantic land-sea breeze but instead is a manifestation of the seasonal migration of a planetary scale system which is seen over non-monsoonal regions as well. In collaboration with the farmers she derived farming strategies which are tailored to the rainfall variability of different regions in India.
Early life and education
She was born in 1944 in Pune. She hails from a famous genealogical lineage with her great-grandfather being a Minister in the state of Tonk known for his heroic efforts to help the people during the severe droughts. Her grandfather and father were respected physicians of their time. At the same time, her grandfather was a freedom fighter and hosted several active participants of the struggle against colonial rule at his house. Her mother was a Marathi writer.
She did her early schooling in Pune, in the Marathi medium. She then went on for high-school education in English to Rishi Valley, a boarding school in Andhra Pradesh. She came back to Pune for her undergraduate studies at Fergusson College where she opted for natural sciences and majored in Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics. At this juncture, she became engaged to Madhav Gadgil, a fellow student and together they decided to pursue scientific careers. They were both admitted with scholarships from Harvard.
Return to India
In 1971, she returned to India with her husband, who was also a Harvard scholar. She worked in the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology as a CSIR pool officer for two years. She worked with scientists like R. Ananthakrishnan and D.R Sikka during this period. She was recruited to the Centre for Theoretical Studies (CTS) as a member. Her husband was also recruited to CTS as a mathematical ecologist. Out of this, a new institution, the Centre for Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences (CAOS), was born.
She is married to Madhav Gadgil, an ecologist and they have a daughter and a son.
- "Indian Fellow: Sulochana Gadgil". Indian National Science Academy. Archived from the original on 16 March 2014. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
- "Sikka, D., and S. Gadgil, 1980: On the maximum cloud zone and the ITCZ over Indian longitudes during the Southwest Monsoon." Monthly Weather Review, vol.108, 1840-1853".
- "Sulochana Gadgil: Research Interests". IISc. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
- "Interview with Sulochana Gadgil". WMO. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- Gadgil, Sulochana. "My tryst with the Monsoon" (PDF). Indian Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 25 November 2012.