Sultan Saodat

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Termez Sultan-Saodat.jpg

Sultan Saodat is located in the outskirts of modern Termez, in Uzbekistan.

The complex of Sultan Saodat, which was formed between the 11th and 17th centuries, has the graves of the influential Sayyid dynasty of Termez. The Termez Sayyids claimed direct descendancy of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. The founder of the family was Termez Sayyid Hassan al-Amir, the fifth generation of Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of Muhammad.

Sultan Saodat complex is a series of religious structures - mausoleums, mosques, khanaqa - built around a central passage. The oldest here are two large single-chamber, square, domed mausoleums (11th century). They are united by a 15th-century iwan.

In the second half of the 15th century ahead of both mausoleums two new buildings were built. Two parallel rows were built in the 15th–17th centuries and joined with the other buildings. Also, some new mausoleums were also pairwise connected with intermediate iwan, decor on them do not exit anymore. In the 16th–17th centuries courtyards to the south and the north were built up with mausoleums of different sizes and from different eras. The entrance was set up on the west side of the yard. The majestic ensemble stands out as a group of mausoleums, homogeneous in structure and decoration, though built in different styles.[1]

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