|This article does not cite any sources. (February 2007) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
In circuit theory, a supernode is a theoretical construct that can be used to solve a circuit. This is done by viewing a voltage source on a wire as a point source voltage in relation to other point voltages located at various nodes in the circuit, relative to a ground node assigned a zero or negative charge.
Each supernode contains two nodes, one a non-reference node and another node that may be a second non-reference node or the reference node. Supernodes containing the reference node have one node voltage variable. For nodal analysis, the supernode construct is only required between two non-reference nodes.
It is related to Kirchhoff's Current Law which states that the total or algebraic sum of currents meeting at a junction or node is zero. Every junction where two or more branches meet is a node. One of the nodes in the network is taken as reference node. If there are n nodes in any network, the number of simultaneous equation to be solved will be (n-1).
|This electronics-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|