|Municipality||Nelson Mandela Bay|
|Main Place||Port Elizabeth|
|• Total||0.59 km2 (0.23 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||21.7%|
|First languages (2011)|
|Postal code (street)||6210|
The town is on the Swartkops River, 11 km north of Port Elizabeth and 1,6 km from the Indian Ocean. Its name is Afrikaans for ‘black hills’, and the name is said to refer to surrounding hillocks crested with dark shadows.
A railway junction was built here by the Cape Government Railways in 1872, to service the lines being constructed to Grahamstown and Alicedale in the east, Port Elizabeth to the south, and Uitenhage to the west.
- "Sub Place Swartkops". Census 2011.
- "Dictionary of Southern African Place Names (Public Domain)". Human Science Research Council. p. 424.
- Burman, Jose (1984), Early Railways at the Cape. Cape Town: Human & Rousseau. ISBN 0-7981-1760-5
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