Swineshead Abbey

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Swineshead Abbey was an abbey in Swineshead, Lincolnshire.

The Abbey of St Mary, a Cistercian monastery, was founded in 1134 by Robert de Gresley.[1] Gresley and his son, Albert, endowed the Abbey with 240 acres of land and other gifts.[2] The Abbey was originally Savigniac and populated with monks from Furness Abbey,[2] but was absorbed into the Cistercian order along with all the other Savigniac Houses in 1147.[3] In 1170 the Abbot of Swineshead was reprimanded for owning villages, churches and serfs.[3] King John spent a short time in the Abbey after losing his baggage in the fens, and just before his death in 1216.[3] It was dissolved in 1536 with the first Act Of Suppression, its last Abbot being John Haddingham.

The first documented reuse of the site dates from 1607 when a farmhouse, Abbey House, was built out of the abbey ruins by Sir John Lockton.[1] The Abbey House is a Grade II listed building.[4]

The abbey occupied a slightly raised area in the marshland 1km north east of Swineshead. In the raised area in the north-eastern part of the monument, partly overlain by Abbey House, are the buried remains of the abbey's inner court where the church, cloister and dorter (dormitory) would have been located.[1] Adjacent to the west is another raised area where the remains of the outer court are located; these would include stables, barns and other agricultural and service buildings, together with the principal gatehouse of the abbey.[1] The foundations of stone walls and fragments of medieval artefacts have been located in the outer court.[1] "Although the site is now a private residence it can still be seen from the main A52. If travelling south from Boston you reach the Baythorpe area of Swineshead, on the right is Manor Farm Shop and approximately 200m further, behind the trees, is Swineshead Abbey."

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Historic England. "Swineshead Abbey (352580)". PastScape. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Victoria County History". Swineshead Abbey. British History Online. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c "Cistercians in Yorkshire". Cistercians in Yorkshire Project. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  4. ^ "British Listed Buildings". English Heritage. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 

Coordinates: 52°56′55″N 0°08′34″W / 52.94869000°N 0.14276290°W / 52.94869000; -0.14276290